Abdomen

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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

Mrs. James is 7 months' pregnant and states that she has developed a problem with constipation. She eats a well-balanced diet and is usually regular. You should explain that constipation is common during pregnancy because of changes in the colorectal areas, such as:

Choose correct answer/s
A

decreased movement through the colon and increased water absorption from the stool.

B

increased movement through the colon and increased salt taken from foods.

C

looser anal sphincter and fewer nutrients taken from foods.

D

tighter anal sphincter and less iron eliminated in the stool.

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

The family history of a patient with diarrhea and abdominal pain should include inquiry about cystic fibrosis because it is:

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A

a common genetic disorder.

B

one cause of malabsorption syndrome.

C

a curable condition with medical intervention.

D

the most frequent cause of diarrhea in general practice.

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

When assessing abdominal pain in a college-age woman, one must include:

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A

history of interstate travel.

B

food likes and dislikes.

C

age at completion of toilet training.

D

the first day of the last menstrual period.

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

Infants born weighing less than 1500 g are at higher risk for:

Choose correct answer/s
A

hepatitis A.

B

necrotizing enterocolitis.

C

urinary urgency.

D

pancreatitis.

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

You are completing a general physical examination on Mr. Rock, a 39-year-old man with complaints of constipation. When examining a patient with tense abdominal musculature, a helpful technique is to have the patient:

Choose correct answer/s
A

hold his or her breath.

B

sit upright.

C

flex his or her knees.

D

raise his or her head off the pillow.

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

Mrs. Little is a 44-year-old patient who presents to the office with abdominal pain and fever. During your examination, you ask the patient to raise her head and shoulders while she lies in a supine position. A midline abdominal ridge rises. You document this observation as a(n):

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A
small inguinal hernia.
B
large epigastric hernia.
C
abdominal lipoma.
D
diastasis recti.
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

Mr. Robins is a 45-year-old man who presents to the emergency department with a complaint of constipation. During auscultation, you note borborygmi sounds. This is associated with:

Choose correct answer/s
A
gastroenteritis.
B
peritonitis.
C
satiety.
D
paralytic ileus.
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

To document absent bowel sounds correctly, one must listen continuously for:

Choose correct answer/s
A
30 seconds.
B
1 minute.
C
3 minutes.
D
5 minutes.
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

Percussion of the abdomen begins with establishing:

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A
liver dullness.
B
spleen dullness.
C
gastric bubble tympany.
D
overall dullness and tympany in all quadrants.
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Question 10
Multiple Choice

When percussing a spleen, Traube's space is a:

Choose correct answer/s
A
semilunar region.
B
splenic percussion sign.
C
left-sided pleural effusion.
D
solid mass.
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Question 11
Multiple Choice

Your patient is complaining of acute, intense, sharp epigastric pain that radiates to the back and left scapula, with nausea and vomiting. Based on this history, your prioritized physical examination should be to:

Choose correct answer/s
A
percuss for ascites.
B
assess for rebound tenderness.
C
inspect for ecchymosis of the flank.
D
auscultate for abdominal bruits.
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Question 12
Multiple Choice

To assess for liver enlargement in the obese person, you should:

Choose correct answer/s
A
use the hook method.
B
have the patient lean over at the waist.
C
auscultate using the scratch technique.
D
attempt palpation during deep exhalation.
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Question 13
Multiple Choice

An umbilical assessment in the newborn that is of concern is:

Choose correct answer/s
A
a thick cord.
B
umbilical hernia.
C
one umbilical artery and two veins.
D
pulsations superior to the umbilicus.
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Question 14
Multiple Choice

Your patient presents with symptoms that lead you to suspect acute appendicitis. Which assessment finding is least likely to be associated with this condition?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Positive psoas sign
B
Positive McBurney sign
C
Consistent right lower quadrant (RLQ) pain
D
Rebound tenderness
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Question 15
Multiple Choice

When using the bimanual technique for palpating the abdomen, you should:

Choose correct answer/s
A
push down with the bottom hand and the other hand on top.
B
push down with the top hand and concentrate on sensation with the bottom hand.
C
place the hands side by side and push equally.
D
place one hand anteriorly and the other hand posteriorly, squeezing the hands together.
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Question 16
Multiple Choice

Flatulence, diarrhea, dysuria, and tenderness with abdominal palpation are findings usually associated with:

Choose correct answer/s
A
diverticulitis.
B
pancreatitis.
C
ruptured ovarian cyst.
D
splenic rupture.
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Question 17
Multiple Choice

A 51-year-old woman calls with complaints of weight loss and constipation. She reports enlarged hemorrhoids and rectal bleeding. You advise her to:

Choose correct answer/s
A
use a topical, over-the-counter hemorrhoid treatment for 1 week.
B
exercise and eat more fiber.
C
come to the laboratory for a stool guaiac test.
D
eat six small meals a day.
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Question 18
Multiple Choice

Costovertebral angle tenderness should be assessed whenever you suspect that the patient may have:

Choose correct answer/s
A
cholecystitis.
B
pancreatitis.
C
pyelonephritis.
D
ulcerative colitis.
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Question 19
Multiple Choice

A mother brings her 2-year-old child for you to assess. The mother feels a lump whenever she fastens the child's diaper. Nephroblastoma is a likely diagnosis for this child when your physical examination of the abdomen reveals a(n):

Choose correct answer/s
A
fixed mass palpated in the hypogastric area.
B
tender, midline abdominal mass.
C
olive-sized mass of the right upper quadrant.
D
nontender, slightly movable, flank mass.
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Question 20
Multiple Choice

In older adults, overflow fecal incontinence is commonly caused by:

Choose correct answer/s
A
malabsorption.
B
parasitic diarrhea.
C
fecal impaction.
D
fistula formation.
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