Addiction

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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

The nurse is assessing a patient using the CAGE Questionnaire. The patient answers yes to all of the questions. The nurse suspects alcoholism and feels the patient is in denial when the patient makes which statement?

Choose correct answer/s
A

"I go to meetings once a day and still drink."

B

"My family and friends have been avoiding me lately."

C

"I don't have a problem with alcohol. I can quit anytime I want to."

D

"I know it will be hard to quit, but I am willing to try."

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

A patient who was admitted 24 hours ago has become increasingly irritable and now says there are bugs on his bed. Which condition should the nurse suspect?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Alcohol-induced psychosis

B

Delirium tremens (DTs)

C

Neurologic injury related to a fall

D

Posttraumatic stress reaction

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

To prevent Wernicke's encephalopathy from heavy alcohol use, the nurse anticipates an order for which medications?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Benzodiazepine

B

Thiamine and B complex

C

Vitamins C and D3

D

Klonopin

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

The nurse is caring for a patient who is experiencing alcohol withdrawal. What is the highest priority for this patient?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Describe how the alcohol is causing the withdrawal effects.

B

Leave the patient by him/herself so as not to cause agitation.

C

Promote a safe, calm, and comfortable environment.

D

Refer the patient to an alcohol-abuse counselor.

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

The nurse assesses the outcomes of a motivational interview on a patient with a dual diagnosis of alcoholism with delirium tremens (DTs) and determines that the communication was nontherapeutic. What is the nurse's next priority?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Encourage the patient to think of ways to change environmental triggers to abuse substances.

B

Ask the patient what methods they think would work and encourage participating in self-help groups.

C

Notify provider to obtain order for oxazepam and vitamin B infusion.

D

Notify provider to obtain order for CT scan and psychologic consult.

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

A 45-year-old man is brought to the emergency department presenting with a respiratory rate of 6 breaths/min, and cardiac dysrhythmias. What is the most appropriate question the nurse should ask the patient's friend?

Choose correct answer/s
A
"Does he take amphetamines or uppers?"
B
"Has he ever used LSD?"
C
"Have you two been out of the country in the last 2 days?"
D
"Is he using any opioids such as heroin?"
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

During history-taking, a patient tells the nurse that he is addicted to alprazolam and that he takes six 1 mg tablets a day. He quit cold turkey yesterday and now presents with extreme agitation, increased heart rate, and panic. The nurse suspects which disorder?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Stress reaction
B
Delerium tremens
C
Overdose
D
Relapse
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

Strategies that a nurse could use in a motivational interview to increase the chances of change include which of the following? (Select all that apply.)

Choose correct answer/s
A
Educating the patient on the physical damage the substance is causing
B
Encouraging the patient to think of ways to change environmental triggers to abuse substances
C
Asking the patient how they think substance abuse affects their family life
D
Explaining to the patient that substance abuse affects everyone in the family and give examples
E
Asking the patient what methods they think would work and encouraging participating in self-help groups
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

The nurse recognizes a potential health threat to an alcoholic patient who is using the drug disulfiram when the nurse reads in the health record that the patient is also taking which of the following? (Select all that apply.)

Choose correct answer/s
A
Blood thinners
B
Diphenhydramine
C
Alcohol
D
Penicillin
E
Mouthwash
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