Appendix: Hardware And Software Basics

This question bank verified by Studydeets
All Questions
Filter by:
Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

What is software?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Any computer-based tool that people use to work with information and support the information and information-processing needs of an organization

B

The set of instructions that the hardware executes to carry out specific tasks

C

Consists of the physical devices associated with a computer system

D

An electronic device operating under the control of instructions stored in its own memory that can accept, manipulate, and store data

Check answer
Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

What is hardware?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Any computer-based tool that people use to work with information and support the information and information-processing needs of an organization

B

The set of instructions that the hardware executes to carry out specific tasks

C

Consists of the physical devices associated with a computer system

D

An electronic device operating under the control of instructions stored in its own memory that can accept, manipulate, and store data

Check answer
Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

What is an input device?

Choose correct answer/s
A

The actual hardware that interprets and executes the program (software) instructions and coordinates how all the other hardware devices work together

B

The computer's main memory, which consists of the random access memory (RAM), cache memory, and the read-only memory (ROM) that is directly accessible to the central processing unit (CPU)

C

Equipment designed to store large volumes of data for long-term storage

D

Equipment used to capture information and commands

Check answer
Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

What is a CPU?

Choose correct answer/s
A

The actual hardware that interprets and executes the program (software) instructions and coordinates how all the other hardware devices work together

B

The computer's main memory, which consists of the random access memory (RAM), cache memory, and the read-only memory (ROM) that is directly accessible to the central processing unit (CPU)

C

Equipment designed to store large volumes of data for long-term storage

D

Equipment used to capture information and commands

Check answer
Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

What is the arithmetic-logic unit?

Choose correct answer/s
A

The actual hardware that interprets and executes the program (software) instructions and coordinates how all the other hardware devices work together

B

Interprets software instructions and literally tells the other hardware devices what to do, based on the software instructions

C

A type of CPU that can recognize as many as 100 or more instructions, enough to carry out most computations directly

D

Performs all arithmetic operations (for example, addition and subtraction) and all logic operations (such as sorting and comparing numbers)

Check answer
Question 6
Multiple Choice

What is a complex instruction set computer chip?

Choose correct answer/s
A
The actual hardware that interprets and executes the program (software) instructions and coordinates how all the other hardware devices work together
B
Interprets software instructions and literally tells the other hardware devices what to do, based on the software instructions
C
A type of CPU that can recognize as many as 100 or more instructions, enough to carry out most computations directly
D
Performs all arithmetic operations (for example, addition and subtraction) and all logic operations (such as sorting and comparing numbers)
To unlock the question
Question 7
Multiple Choice

Which of the following represents megahertz?

Choose correct answer/s
A
The number of millions of CPU cycles per second
B
The number of billions of CPU cycles per second
C
A type of CPU that can recognize as many as 100 or more instructions, enough to carry out most computations directly
D
Limit the number of instructions the CPU can execute to increase processing speed
To unlock the question
Question 8
Multiple Choice

What is the number of bits (0s and 1s)that can be processed by the CPU at any one time?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Clock speed
B
Word length
C
Bus width
D
Chip line width
To unlock the question
Question 9
Multiple Choice

What is the size of the internal electrical pathway along which signals are sent from one part of the computer to another?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Clock speed
B
Word length
C
Bus width
D
Chip line width
To unlock the question
Question 10
Multiple Choice

What is roughly 1 million bytes?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Megabyte
B
Terabyte
C
Kilobyte
D
Gigabyte
To unlock the question
Question 11
Multiple Choice

What is an older secondary storage medium that uses a strip of thin plastic coated with a magnetically sensitive recording medium?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Magnetic medium
B
Magnetic tape
C
Hard drive
D
RAM
To unlock the question
Question 12
Multiple Choice

What is similar to a desktop but has more powerful mathematical and graphics processing capabilities and can perform more complicated tasks in less time?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Tablet computer
B
PDA
C
Workstation computer
D
Minicomputer
To unlock the question
Question 13
Multiple Choice

What is system software?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Controls how the various technology tools work together along with the application software
B
Controls the application software and manages how the hardware devices work together
C
Provides additional functionality to the operating system
D
Used for specific information processing needs, including payroll, customer relationship management, project management, training, and many others
To unlock the question
Question 14
Multiple Choice

What is application software?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Controls how the various technology tools work together along with the application software
B
Controls the application software and manages how the hardware devices work together
C
Provides additional functionality to the operating system
D
Used for specific information processing needs, including payroll, customer relationship management, project management, training, and many others
To unlock the question
Question 15
Multiple Choice

What organizes information on a hard disk in the most efficient way?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Text protect
B
Disk optimization
C
File recovery
D
Cash-proof
To unlock the question
Question 16
Multiple Choice

What provides the tools for data retrieval,modification,deletion,and insertion?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Data management
B
Desktop publishing
C
Email
D
Groupware
To unlock the question
Question 17
True/False

Utility software provides additional functionality to the operating system.

Choose correct answer/s
True
False
To unlock the question
Question 18
True/False

Disk optimization software helps save information if a computer crashes.

Choose correct answer/s
True
False
To unlock the question
Question 19
True/False

A tablet computer is a computer with a flat screen that uses a mouse or fingertip for input instead of a keyboard that provides the screen capabilities of a PDA with the functional capabilities of a laptop or desktop computer.

Choose correct answer/s
True
False
To unlock the question
Question 20
True/False

Complex instruction set computer chips limit the number of instructions the CPU can execute to increase processing speed.

Choose correct answer/s
True
False
To unlock the question