Attention

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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

When Sam listens to his girlfriend Susan in the restaurant and ignores other people's conversations, he is engaged in the process of __________ attention.

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A

low load

B

divided

C

cocktail party

D

selective

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

Which of the following is an experimental procedure used to study how attention affects the processing of competing stimuli?

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A

Early selection

B

Filtering

C

Channeling

D

Dichotic listening

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

The technique where the participant's task is to focus on the message in one ear, called the attended ear, and to repeat what he or she is hearing out loud is known as

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A

filter model attention.

B

shadowing.

C

dichotic listening.

D

detector listening.

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

The ability to focus on one stimulus while filtering out other stimuli is called

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A

sensory memory.

B

cocktail party effect.

C

detection.

D

filtering.

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

Colin Cherry's experiment in which participants listened to two different messages, one presented to each ear, found that people

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A

could focus on a message only if they are repeating it.

B

could focus on a message only if they rehearsed it.

C

could focus on one message and ignore the other one at the same time.

D

could not focus on a message presented to only one ear.

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

The cocktail party effect is

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A
the ability to pay attention to one stimulus while filtering out other stimuli.
B
the inability to pay attention to one stimulus in the presence of competing stimuli.
C
the diminished awareness of information in a crowd.
D
the equal division of attention between competing stimuli.
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

The "filter model" proposes that the filter identifies the attended message based on

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A
meaning.
B
modality.
C
physical characteristics.
D
higher order characteristics.
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

Broadbent's model is called the early selection model because

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A
sensory memory holds all of the information for fraction of second and then transfers all of it to filter.
B
the output is sent to short-term memory, which holds the information for 10-15 seconds and also transfer the information to long-term memory.
C
the attended information has been let through the filter, the detector processes all information that enters it.
D
the filter eliminates the unattended information right at the beginning of the flow of information.
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

Anne Treisman's attenuator analyzes the incoming message in terms of all of the following EXCEPT

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A
how sequences of words create meaningful phrases.
B
how the message groups into syllables or words.
C
whether the message is fast or slow.
D
whether the perceptual load is low or high.
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Question 10
Multiple Choice

Broadbent's model is called an early selection model because

Choose correct answer/s
A
the filter eliminates unattended information at the beginning of the information flow.
B
the filtering step occurs before the information enters the sensory memory.
C
only a select set of environmental information enters the system.
D
incoming information is selected by the detector.
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Question 11
Multiple Choice

What contains the words, stored in memory, each of which has a threshold for being activated?

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A
Attenuator
B
Dictionary unit
C
Detector
D
Filter
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Question 12
Multiple Choice

Suppose twin teenagers are vying for their mother's attention. The mother is trying to pay attention to one of her daughters, though both girls are talking (one about her boyfriend, one about a school project). According to the operating characteristics of Treisman's attenuator, it is most likely the attenuator is analyzing the incoming messages in terms of

Choose correct answer/s
A
physical characteristics.
B
language.
C
meaning.
D
direction.
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Question 13
Multiple Choice

Which of the following is most closely associated with Treisman's attenuation theory of selective attention?

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A
Late selection
B
Stroop experiments
C
Precueing
D
Dictionary unit
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Question 14
Multiple Choice

According to Treisman's attenuation model, which of the following would you expect to have the highest threshold for most people?

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A
The word "money"
B
Their child's first name
C
The word "home"
D
The word "platypus"
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Question 15
Multiple Choice

Which stage in Treisman's attenuation model has a threshold component?

Choose correct answer/s
A
The attenuator
B
The dictionary unit
C
The filter
D
The "leaky" filter
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Question 16
Multiple Choice

A high threshold in Treisman's model of attention implies that

Choose correct answer/s
A
weak signals can cause activation.
B
it takes a strong signal to cause activation.
C
all signals cause activation.
D
no signals cause activation.
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Question 17
Multiple Choice

Which of the following is the process by which features such as color, form motion, and location are combined to create our perception of a coherent object?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Change blindness
B
Change detection
C
Illusory conjunctions
D
Binding
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Question 18
Multiple Choice

Suppose you are in your kitchen writing a grocery list, while your roommate is watching TV in the next room. A commercial for spaghetti sauce comes on TV. Although you are not paying attention to the TV, you "suddenly" remember that you need to pick up spaghetti sauce and add it to the list. Your behavior is best predicted by which of the following models of attention?

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A
Object-based
B
Early selection
C
Spotlight
D
Late selection
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Question 19
Multiple Choice

If you are folding towels while watching television, you may find that you don't have to pay much attention to the act of folding while keeping up with the storyline on the TV show. Folding the towels would be an example of a(n) ________ task.

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A
attenuated
B
high-load
C
low-load
D
filtered
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Question 20
Multiple Choice

The Stroop effect demonstrates people's inability to ignore the __________ of words.

Choose correct answer/s
A
meaning
B
color
C
size
D
font
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