Autism Spectrum Disorder And Childhood-onset Schizophrenia

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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

 Leo Kanner used the term early infantile autism, which literally means ____ .

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A

absence of language

B

need of sameness

C

outside of oneself

D

within oneself

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

 Early theories about autism attributed the autistic child's behaviors to ____ .

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A

biological abnormalities of the brain

B

the inability to integrate senses

C

the parent's wish that the child should not exist

D

lack of stimulating environments

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

 A DSM-5 diagnosis of ASD will be based on ____ .

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A

five different subtypes

B

one overarching category

C

dimensional symptoms

D

easily separated symptoms

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

 Which statement about ASD is true?

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A

ASD is a subtype of Asperger's disorder.

B

ASD is a single domain disorder.

C

ASD is a disorder children outgrow.

D

ASD is a neurodevelopmental disorder.

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

 Which statement about the social skills of children with ASD is true?

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A

Children with ASD experience profound difficulties relating to others, even when they have average or above-average intelligence.

B

Children with ASD experience profound difficulties relating to others, but only when they have below-average intelligence.

C

Children with ASD experience profound difficulties relating to others, but only when they have co-occurring ID.

D

Children with ASD experience profound difficulties relating to others, but only when they have below-average intelligence and no useful language.

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

 Children who have been diagnosed with ____ have deficits in recognizing facial expressions.

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A
depression
B
ASD
C
ADHD
D
anxiety
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

 Joint attention refers to the ability to ____ .

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A
communicate with two people at the same time
B
coordinate one's focus of attention on another person and an object of mutual interest
C
hold a conversation on two different topics
D
pay attention to the conversation that two other people are having
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

 With respect to attachment, most children with ASD ____ .

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A
do not form meaningful social attachments to their parents
B
form indiscriminate attachments with any adult
C
do not form attachments with any individual except their parents
D
prefer their caregivers over unfamiliar adults
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

 Children with ASD ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
have reduced sharing of emotions
B
initiate most social interactions
C
tend to listen to the speaker
D
make exaggerated facial expressions
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Question 10
Multiple Choice

 The use of protodeclarative gestures requires ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
verbal ability and shared social attention
B
theory of mind and verbal ability
C
implicit understanding and shared social attention
D
intelligence and shared social attention
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Question 11
Multiple Choice

 Critical factors contributing to the differences in how the symptoms of ASD are manifested in children include all of the following EXCEPT

Choose correct answer/s
A
the level of intellectual ability.
B
the severity of their language problems.
C
the age at diagnosis and corresponding treatments.
D
the behavioral change with age.
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Question 12
Multiple Choice

 Children with ASD are most likely to use ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
instrumental gestures
B
expressive gestures
C
protodeclarative gestures
D
joint social behaviors
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Question 13
Multiple Choice

 Echolalia in children with ASD is believed to be a(n) ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
sign of pathology
B
sign of co-occurring obsessive-compulsive disorder
C
important step in their language acquisition
D
uncontrollable habit
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Question 14
Multiple Choice

 The primary language deficit of children with ASD (who develop language) is ____ .

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A
grammatical usage
B
semantics
C
morphological usage
D
pragmatics
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Question 15
Multiple Choice

 Examples of social communication or social interaction deficits indicative of ASD include which of the following?

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A
Deficits in social-emotional reciprocity
B
Insistence on sameness
C
Stereotyped motor movements
D
Highly restricted, fixated interests
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Question 16
Multiple Choice

 Examples of restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior indicative of ASD include which of the following?

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A
Reduced sharing of interests or emotions
B
Unusual interest in sensory aspects of environment
C
A total lack of facial expressions
D
Absence of interest in peers
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Question 17
Multiple Choice

 Special cognitive skills that are above average for the general population and well above the autistic child's own general level of intellect are referred to as ____ .

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A
savant skills
B
splinter skills
C
macro skills
D
supernatural skills
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Question 18
Multiple Choice

 The tendency to focus on one feature of an object in the environment while ignoring other equally important features is called stimulus ____ .

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A
dominance
B
specialization
C
screening
D
overselectivity
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Question 19
Multiple Choice

 The tendency to focus on certain types of sensory input over others is called sensory ____ .

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A
dominance
B
specialization
C
screening
D
overselectivity
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Question 20
Multiple Choice

 The theory of mind hypothesis of ASD suggests that children with ASD ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
focus on one feature of an object in an environment while ignoring other equally important features
B
do not understand others' mental states
C
cannot take in the larger picture because of a tendency to focus on details
D
are unable to split their social attention in social situations
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