Blood And Circulatory System Disorders

This question bank verified by Studydeets
All Questions
Filter by:
Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

Which of the following would result from a reduced number of erythrocytes in the blood?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Increased hemoglobin in the blood

B

Decreased hematocrit

C

Increased risk of hemostasis

D

Decreased osmotic pressure of the blood

Check answer
Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

What term is used to describe a deficit of all types of blood cells?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Leucopenia

B

Neutropenia

C

Pancytopenia

D

Erythrocytosis

Check answer
Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

Capillary walls consist of:

Choose correct answer/s
A

multiple endothelial layers.

B

a thick layer of smooth muscle.

C

two or three epithelial layers.

D

a single endothelial layer.

Check answer
Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

Vitamin K is required by the liver to synthesize:

Choose correct answer/s
A

heparin.

B

prothrombin.

C

amino acids.

D

bilirubin.

Check answer
Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

Individuals with type O blood are considered to be universal donors because their blood:

Choose correct answer/s
A

contains A and B antibodies.

B

contains A and B antigens.

C

lacks A and B antibodies.

D

lacks A and B antigens.

Check answer
Question 6
Multiple Choice

What are the two circulations that comprise the overall circulatory system?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Pulmonary and systemic circulations
B
Peripheral and central circulations
C
Cardiovascular and lymphatic circulations
D
Cardiopulmonary and peripheral circulations
To unlock the question
Question 7
Multiple Choice

Chronic blood loss causes anemia because of the:

Choose correct answer/s
A
shortened life span of the erythrocytes.
B
lower metabolic rate.
C
loss of protein and electrolytes.
D
smaller amount of recycled iron available.
To unlock the question
Question 8
Multiple Choice

What is the cause of sickle cell anemia?

Choose correct answer/s
A
A defective gene inherited from both parents
B
A chronic bacterial infection
C
Bone marrow depression
D
An autoimmune reaction
To unlock the question
Question 9
Multiple Choice

Which of the following best describes the characteristic erythrocyte associated with pernicious anemia?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Hypochromic, microcytic
B
Normochromic, normocytic
C
Elongated, sickle-shaped
D
Megaloblastic or macrocytic nucleated cells
To unlock the question
Question 10
Multiple Choice

What causes numbness and tingling in the fingers of individuals with untreated pernicious anemia?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Persistent hyperbilirubinemia
B
Increasing acidosis affecting metabolism
C
Vitamin B12 deficit causing peripheral nerve demyelination
D
Multiple small vascular occlusions affecting peripheral nerves
To unlock the question
Question 11
Multiple Choice

Jaundice is one typical sign of:

Choose correct answer/s
A
sickle cell anemia.
B
aplastic anemia.
C
iron deficiency anemia.
D
acute leukemia.
To unlock the question
Question 12
Multiple Choice

What are the typical early general signs and symptoms of anemia?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Chest pain, palpitations
B
Jaundice, stomatitis
C
Pallor, dyspnea, and fatigue
D
Bradycardia, heat intolerance
To unlock the question
Question 13
Multiple Choice

What is the cause of oral ulcerations and delayed healing occurring with any severe anemia?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Lack of folic acid for DNA synthesis
B
Frequent microinfarcts in the tissues
C
Deficit of oxygen for epithelial cell mitosis and metabolism
D
Elevated bilirubin levels in blood and body fluids
To unlock the question
Question 14
Multiple Choice

Which of the following is present with pernicious anemia?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Pancytopenia
B
Hypochlorhydria
C
Leukocytosis
D
Multiple infarcts
To unlock the question
Question 15
Multiple Choice

Why do abnormally low hemoglobin values develop with pernicious anemia?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Decreased production of erythrocytes
B
Shorter life span of erythrocytes
C
Abnormal structure of hemoglobin chains
D
Deficit of folic acid
To unlock the question
Question 16
Multiple Choice

What are the common early signs of aplastic anemia?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Painful joints and skeletal deformity
B
Abdominal discomfort and splenomegaly
C
Excessive bleeding and recurrent infections
D
Palpitations and chest pain
To unlock the question
Question 17
Multiple Choice

Why do vascular occlusions and infarcts occur frequently with sickle cell anemia?

Choose correct answer/s
A
The red blood cells are abnormally large.
B
Increased hemolysis of erythrocytes occurs.
C
Erythrocytes change to sickle shape when hypoxia occurs.
D
HbS is unable to transport oxygen.
To unlock the question
Question 18
Multiple Choice

Which of the following applies to sickle cell trait?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Most hemoglobin is in the form of HgS
B
Sickling of erythrocytes occurs with severe hypoxia.
C
Painful sickling crises with multiple infarctions occur frequently.
D
A child's skeletal growth is delayed.
To unlock the question
Question 19
Multiple Choice

What is the basic abnormality in thalassemia?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Several amino acids in the globin chains have been replaced by substitute amino acids.
B
More than four globin chains are found in the erythrocytes.
C
The iron molecule is displaced in hemoglobin.
D
There is failure to synthesize either the alpha or beta chains in the hemoglobin molecule.
To unlock the question
Question 20
Multiple Choice

Which of the following can result from a malabsorption problem?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Aplastic anemia
B
Sickle cell anemia
C
Thalassemia major
D
Pernicious anemia
To unlock the question