Bronchiectasis

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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

Rigid and dilated bronchi are the key anatomic alterations found in which type of bronchiectasis?

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A

Varicose

B

Cystic

C

Emphysematous

D

Cylindrical

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

Irregularly dilated and constricted bronchi are the key anatomic alterations found in which type of bronchiectasis?

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A

Cystic

B

Varicose

C

Tubular

D

Saccular

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

Which form of bronchiectasis causes the greatest amount of damage to the tracheobronchial tree?

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A

Triphasic

B

Varicose

C

Cystic

D

Fusiform

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

Congenital causes of bronchiectasis include:

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A

influenza.

B

cystic fibrosis.

C

COPD.

D

rheumatic disease.

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

A mother brought her 2-year-old son to the physician. He has been coughing up secretions and having wheezy breathing ever since choking on food 6 months ago. The physician diagnosed the boy with bronchiectasis. What could be the cause?

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A

Cystic fibrosis

B

Measles

C

Asthma

D

Aspiration

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

For religious reasons, a young couple has not given their 4-year-old daughter the usual childhood immunizations. She has been repeatedly hospitalized with pulmonary infections. What should the respiratory therapist caring for the child tell the parents that the child is at risk of developing?

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A
Chronic bronchitis
B
Asthma
C
Bronchiectasis
D
Left ventricular hypertrophy
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

Severe bronchiectasis is associated with all of the following EXCEPT:

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A
vesicular breath sounds.
B
cor pulmonale.
C
distended neck veins.
D
polycythemia.
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

Which of the following pulmonary function testing values would be found in a patient with severe, obstructive bronchiectasis?

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A
Decreased RV/TLC ratio
B
Increased PEFR
C
Increased FEF25%-75%
D
Decreased FEF25%-75%
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

The preferred radiographic method to evaluate a patient's bronchiectasis is:

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A
posterior-anterior radiograph (x-ray).
B
anterior-posterior radiograph (x-ray).
C
computed tomography (CT).
D
bronchogram.
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Question 10
Multiple Choice

One of the main challenges in caring for a patient with bronchiectasis is:

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A
contending with bronchospasm.
B
removing excessive bronchopulmonary secretions.
C
returning the FRC to within normal limits.
D
maximizing gas exchange across the alveolar-capillary membrane.
E
rehydrating dried secretions.
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Question 11
Multiple Choice

In developed countries, the most common cause of acquired bronchiectasis is:

Choose correct answer/s
A
emphysema.
B
lung abscess.
C
cystic fibrosis.
D
pulmonary fibrosis.
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Question 12
Multiple Choice

Which of the following is the hallmark of bronchiectasis?

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A
Chronic cough with production of large quantities of foul-smelling sputum
B
Bronchospasm
C
Decreased DLCO with normal to decreased expiratory flow rates on pulmonary function
D
Dyspnea on exertion
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Question 13
Multiple Choice

Which of the following is the usual characteristic of the sputum of a patient with bronchiectasis?

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A
It is usually sweet or musky smelling.
B
When examined microscopically there are Kirshman's spirals.
C
It contains eosinophils.
D
It is usually voluminous and tends to settle into several different layers.
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Question 14
Multiple Choice

A patient with severe bronchiectasis may show all of the following signs EXCEPT:

Choose correct answer/s
A
distended neck veins.
B
pitting edema.
C
enlarged and tender liver.
D
S3 heart sound.
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