Campaigns, Elections, And The Media

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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

All are true except

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A

since 1994 the number of people who read a daily newspaper has dropped.

B

more people now obtain their national and international news from the Internet.

C

what you see online is very different from what you see in print.

D

some major newspapers have gone bankrupt in recent years.

E

if newspapers disappear, people will get their news from cable stations and the Internet.

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

Which of the following statements is false?

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A

Campaign fund-raising has grown due to a reduction in limits on the process.

B

Recent Supreme Court decisions have made it easier to raise large donations.

C

The media play a minor role in the political process.

D

Newspapers have become less important as new media have become involved in the political process.

E

Political campaigns are long, bitter, and expensive.

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

Political parties

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A

have difficulty finding candidates for some local offices.

B

have difficulty finding candidates to run for office in some regions of the country.

C

have difficulty finding candidates when winning that office is unlikely.

D

have an easier time finding candidates when the office has prestige.

E

All of the above are true.

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

Naturalized citizens are constitutionally barred from running for the office of

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A

United States senator.

B

United States representative.

C

President of the United States.

D

governor.

E

chief justice of the United States Supreme Court.

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

Candidates for president face obstacles to winning for all of the following reasons except

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A

they must have great personal wealth in order to win.

B

they must be able to garner enough support to win the early primaries.

C

they must be able to organize, staff ,and fund a campaign organization.

D

they must be must be able to find local volunteers in each state to win primary votes.

E

All of the above are true.

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

Holders of political office in the United States today are usually

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A
representative of the general public.
B
evenly divided between men and women.
C
white and male.
D
younger than the candidates elected in the 1800s.
E
Roman Catholics.
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

With regard to candidates for office, all of the following are true except

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A
until recently, women were usually considered to be appropriate candidates only for lower-level office.
B
the number is evenly divided between men and women.
C
most candidates are white and male.
D
the number of women and minorities running for office is increasing.
E
candidates are likely to be professionals, especially lawyers.
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

All of the following are reasons why many candidates for office are lawyers except

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A
lawyers have a more flexible work schedule.
B
holding office is good publicity for their law practice.
C
political connections can help a lawyer later in his/her career.
D
lawyers have trouble finding work in most states.
E
lawyers may have long-term career aspirations for positions that require political appointment such as judgeships or jobs in federal agencies.
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

One of the reasons that campaigns no longer depend on political parties is

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A
recent changes in election laws have stripped parties of their power over elections.
B
resentment that candidates feel about the control that parties demand regarding the kinds of campaigns the candidates will run.
C
fewer people identify with them.
D
the fact that so many candidates are choosing to run as independents, rejecting the labels of both Democrat and Republican.
E
the control of interest groups over campaign regulations.
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Question 10
Multiple Choice

A striking feature of today's political campaigns is the

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A
large number of people who are willing to volunteer their time.
B
positive theme that most candidates use exclusively through the election.
C
lack of money contributed to candidates for major political office.
D
importance of paid professionals rather than volunteers.
E
refusal of so many candidates to take advantage of the media.
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Question 11
Multiple Choice

All of following are true except

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A
today's campaigns are centered on the candidate rather than on the party.
B
the goal of a campaign is to convince voters to choose the party's candidate.
C
to run a successful campaign the candidate's organization must be able to raise funds, produce political commercials, and get voters to the polls.
D
campaigns are concerned with getting the support of their party members, but not too concerned with independent voters.
E
campaigns no longer depend on parties because fewer people identify with political parties.
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Question 12
Multiple Choice

If a candidate is a highly visible incumbent seeking reelection,

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A
the strategy will be to get the incumbent's name before the voters as much as possible.
B
a front porch campaign has been proven most effective.
C
there may be little need for campaigning except to remind the voters of the officeholder's good deeds.
D
the strategy will be to keep as low a profile as possible.
E
the incumbent must devote almost every moment to campaigning to avoid seeming overly confident and arrogant.
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Question 13
Multiple Choice

Tracking polls are used

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A
on a daily basis to determine last-minute changes in the mood of the electorate.
B
by the government to determine if a candidate is receiving illegal campaign contributions.
C
to encourage voter turnout.
D
primarily in countries that have a multiparty political structure.
E
by the media throughout the election year.
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Question 14
Multiple Choice

Which campaign financing reform was best known for restricting the political activities of civil servants?

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A
Corrupt Practices Act
B
Federal Election Campaign Act
C
Supreme Court decision in Buckley v. Valeo
D
Hatch Act
E
McCain-Feingold Act
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Question 15
Multiple Choice

Facts show that

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A
there is a connection between money and elections.
B
the new lower limits on campaign donations are having a positive effect on election outcomes.
C
spending in the 2011-2012 election cycle was lower than in previous election cycles.
D
All of the above are true.
E
Options A and C are true.
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Question 16
Multiple Choice

Political Action Committees

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A
are not covered by federal election laws.
B
are committees created under federal or state law for the purpose of collecting political donations.
C
coordinate all expenditures directly with the candidate.
D
collect funds from the candidate and transfer them to the political party.
E
are limited in how much they spend.
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Question 17
Multiple Choice

The 1974 Federal Election Campaign Act

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A
created the Federal Election Commission.
B
placed limits on the sums that individuals and committees can contribute to candidates.
C
created an effective way to enforce campaign rules.
D
Options A and B are true.
E
All of the above are true.
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Question 18
Multiple Choice

Independent expenditures are

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A
funds spent by the party independent without permission of the candidate.
B
personal funds spent by the candidate on campaign activities.
C
funds spent by political action committees that are not coordinated directly with a candidate's campaign.
D
funds spent by the Federal Election Commission.
E
funds spent by groups of independent voters.
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Question 19
Multiple Choice

Advertising paid for by interest groups that support or oppose a candidate (or a candidate's position on an issue) without mentioning voting or elections is called

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A
a PAC advertisement.
B
a soft-money contribution.
C
issue advocacy advertising.
D
a hard money expenditure.
E
payola profiteering and pilfering.
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Question 20
Multiple Choice

The 2010 Supreme Court decision, Citizen's United v. FEC

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A
increased the political power of corporations.
B
was supported by Republicans on the basis of free speech.
C
was opposed by Democrats because it gave corporations some political rights given to individual citizens.
D
ruled that corporations, unions and nonprofits may spend freely to support or oppose candidates as long as those expenditures are not coordinated with the candidate campaigns.
E
All of the above are true.
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