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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

According to the GOLD report, which of the following is the greatest worldwide risk factor for COPD?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Exposure to fungal spores in the soil

B

Genetic predisposition

C

Exposure to influenza viruses

D

Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

A genetically linked cause of panlobular emphysema is:

Choose correct answer/s
A

bronchiectasis.

B

a1-antitrypsin deficiency.

C

cystic fibrosis.

D

bronchial asthma.

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

Emphysema may be caused by all of the following EXCEPT:

Choose correct answer/s
A

inhaling asbestos fibers.

B

a1-antitrypsin deficiency.

C

secondhand cigarette smoke.

D

air pollution.

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

The genetic reference to a person with a normal level of a?-antitrypsin is _____ phenotype.

Choose correct answer/s
A

Z

B

MZ

C

MM

D

ZZ

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

Which of the following is true of the diffusing capacity test (DLCO) findings in a patient with COPD?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Normal in all cases

B

Decreased in emphysema

C

Decreased in chronic bronchitis

D

Increased in all cases

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

According to GOLD, at what age can the initial diagnosis of COPD be made?

Choose correct answer/s
A
35 years
B
40 years
C
45 years
D
50 years
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

What is the term for the inward movement of the lateral chest wall during inspiration?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Truman's sign
B
Burton's sign
C
Carr's sign
D
Hoover's sign
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

In the United States, the primary factor leading to the development of COPD is:

Choose correct answer/s
A
a1-antitrypsin deficiency.
B
recurrent respiratory infections.
C
socioeconomic status.
D
tobacco smoking.
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