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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

A nurse working in a pediatric clinic recognizes that which child is most at risk for cognitive impairment?

Choose correct answer/s
A

An infant who is being fed reconstituted powdered formula

B

A toddler living in an older home that is being remodeled

C

A preschooler who attends a play group 3 days a week

D

A school-age child who rides a school bus 5 days a week

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

The nurse is reviewing new medication orders for several patients in a long-term care facility. Which patient does the nurse recognize as being at the highest risk for having cognitive impairment related to prescribed medications?

Choose correct answer/s
A

The patient prescribed an antibiotic for a urinary tract infection.

B

The patient prescribed a cholinesterase inhibitor for early Alzheimer's disease.

C

The patient prescribed a beta-blocker for hypertension.

D

The patient prescribed a bisphosphonate for osteoporosis.

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

The nurse is developing a care plan for a patient newly admitted to a unit that cares for patients with cognitive impairment. What is an important component of care for the patients on this unit?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Allow food selections from a menu with several choices.

B

Schedule frequent field trips off the unit for cognitive stimulation.

C

Plan for attendance at activities with several other patients on the unit.

D

Plan for a structured daily routine of events and caregivers.

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

A patient who is dehydrated has been experiencing confusion. The daughter is concerned about taking the patient home in a confused state. What statement by the nurse is correct?

Choose correct answer/s
A

"Don't worry; the patient should be fine once they are in a familiar environment."

B

"I can make a referral for a home health aide to assist with the patient."

C

"Once the dehydration is corrected, the patient's confusion should improve."

D

"I can show you how to care for the patient once you return home."

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

An older adult who is cognitively impaired is admitted to the hospital with pneumonia. Which sign or symptom would the nurse expect to be exhibited by the patient?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Severe headache

B

Flank pain

C

Increased confusion

D

Decreased blood glucose

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

The nurse is sitting with the family of a patient who has just received the diagnosis of dementia. The family asks for information on what treatment will be needed to cure the condition. What is the nurse's best response?

Choose correct answer/s
A
"Hormone therapy will reverse the condition."
B
"Vitamin C and zinc will reverse the condition."
C
"There is no treatment that reverses dementia."
D
"Dementia can be reversed with diet, exercise, and medications."
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

A cognitively impaired patient newly admitted to the hospital is experiencing signs of sundown syndrome. Which intervention is best for the nurse to implement?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Leave a night light on in the room at all times.
B
Leave the television on at night with the volume up.
C
Restrain the patient to maintain safety during the confusion.
D
Administer a sleeping medication to help the patient sleep.
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

An 82-year-old patient who is in the hospital awakens from sleep and is disoriented to where she is at the present time. The nurse reorients the patient to her surroundings and helps the patient return to sleep. What data does the nurse consider as a probable cause of the patient's confusion?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Pain medication received earlier in the night
B
The death of the patient's spouse 2 years ago
C
The patient's history of diabetes
D
The age of the patient
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

The nurse is teaching primary prevention of cognitive impairment at a community health fair. Which topics would be included in the presentation? (Select all that apply.)

Choose correct answer/s
A
Do not use substances such as cannabis and alcohol.
B
Wear helmets when riding bicycles and motorcycles.
C
Complete a Mini Mental Status Exam (MMSE) yearly.
D
Correct acid-base imbalances related to underlying disease processes.
E
Wear a seat belt whenever riding in a motorized vehicle.
F
Complete a Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) scale yearly.
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