Cognitive And Sensory Alterations

This question bank verified by Studydeets
All Questions
Filter by:
Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

A nurse is caring for a patient with a stroke that has impacted her ability to see. Which area of the brain was likely impacted by the stroke that is responsible for visual function?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Parietal lobes

B

Frontal lobes

C

Occipital lobes

D

Temporal lobes

Check answer
Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

The family of a patient who was in a motor vehicle accident tells you he "just isn't the same person before the crash." You know this is likely because of the injury to what area of his brain?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Parietal lobes

B

Frontal lobes

C

Occipital lobes

D

Temporal lobes

Check answer
Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

The nurse is educating the family of a patient in the intensive care unit about the patient's cognitive status, including her current problem of delirium. Which statement by the family indicates a need for further education?

Choose correct answer/s
A

"The delirium can be caused by sensory overload."

B

"The delirium is reversible."

C

"The delirium is a mood disorder."

D

"The delirium is a state of confusion."

Check answer
Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

The nurse is caring for a patient with depression. Which statement by the patient indicates a need for further education?

Choose correct answer/s
A

"Depression can be caused by chemical changes in the brain."

B

"Depression is always treated with medication."

C

"Depression is a mood disorder."

D

"Depression can have a rapid onset."

Check answer
Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

The nurse is caring for a patient who is complaining of tingling in her hands and fingers. The nurse knows this is a sign of what electrolyte imbalance?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Hyponatremia

B

Hypernatremia

C

Hypocalcemia

D

Hypercalcemia

Check answer
Question 6
Multiple Choice

The nurse is providing discharge instructions to an older adult who is being discharged with orthostatic hypotension. Which of the following responses by the patient indicates a need for further education?

Choose correct answer/s
A
"I should take my blood pressure once a day at home."
B
"I should get up quickly to avoid my blood pressure dropping."
C
"I should drink plenty of water during the day."
D
"I should get up slowly and carefully."
To unlock the question
Question 7
Multiple Choice

The nurse is assessing the patient's ability to hear. Which is the correct procedure for the doing this?

Choose correct answer/s
A
The nurse whispers to the patient while standing on each side of the patient.
B
The nurse speaks in a normal voice while standing on each side of the patient.
C
The nurse speaks in a normal voice while standing directly in front of the patient.
D
The nurse speaks in a normal voice while standing slightly behind the patient.
To unlock the question
Question 8
Multiple Choice

The nurse notices her 50-year-old patient is holding his lunch menu at arm's length while trying to read his choices. This is an indication of:

Choose correct answer/s
A
retinopathy.
B
presbyopia.
C
cataracts.
D
macular degeneration.
To unlock the question
Question 9
Multiple Choice

The nurse is providing discharge education to her patient with diabetes regarding foot care. Which of the following statements by the patient indicates a need for further education?

Choose correct answer/s
A
"I can go barefoot outside only in the summer."
B
"I should wear good fitting shoes."
C
"I cannot soak my feet in a hot tub."
D
"I can use lotion on my feet."
To unlock the question
Question 10
Multiple Choice

An appropriate goal for a patient with the diagnosis of acute confusion is:

Choose correct answer/s
A
the patient will use the call light before getting out of bed within 48 hours.
B
the patient will use a calendar to remember the date within 48 hours.
C
the patient will respond appropriately to questions about place within 48 hours.
D
the patient will remain within the unit while in long-term care.
To unlock the question
Question 11
Multiple Choice

An appropriate goal for a patient with a diagnosis of social isolation is:

Choose correct answer/s
A
the patient will participate in cognitive exercises.
B
the patient will interact with other residents during activities.
C
the patient will communicate basic needs through use of photos.
D
the patient will remain within the unit while in long-term care.
To unlock the question
Question 12
Multiple Choice

The nurse is educating the family to care for a patient at home with cognitive alterations. Which statement by the family indicates a need for further education?

Choose correct answer/s
A
"I should keep the home free of scissors."
B
"I should minimize the number of visitors."
C
"I should use push-button door locks."
D
"24-hour supervision may become necessary."
To unlock the question
Question 13
Multiple Choice

The nurse is delegating care to an unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) to a patient who has sensory overload. Which statement by the UAP indicates a need for further orientation?

Choose correct answer/s
A
"I should keep the noise levels low."
B
"I should schedule all the care together."
C
"I should keep the room well lit."
D
"I should allow the family to visit."
To unlock the question
Question 14
Multiple Choice

The nurse is providing discharge instructions to a patient with visual alterations. Which statement by the patient indicates a need for further education?

Choose correct answer/s
A
"I should make sure the passageways are wide."
B
"I should remove all the throw rugs."
C
"I should keep the lights dim."
D
"I can use a cane to feel for objects in front of me."
To unlock the question
Question 15
Multiple Choice

The nurse is completing her assessment of an older adult and notices some cognitive impairment not normally associated with aging. Which of these alterations would prompt further follow-up? (Select all that apply.)

Choose correct answer/s
A
The patient does not remember where her son lives.
B
The patient is unable to balance her checkbook.
C
The patient got lost in a city she never traveled to before.
D
The patient often has difficulty remembering words.
E
The patient got lost going to her usual grocery store.
To unlock the question
Question 16
Multiple Choice

You are providing education to the family of a patient being discharged with dementia. Which statement by the family indicates a good level of understanding of dementia? (Select all that apply.)

Choose correct answer/s
A
"The condition is permanent and has an acute onset."
B
"Alzheimer's is the most common type of dementia."
C
"The condition worsens over time."
D
"I should observe for wandering behavior."
E
"Agitation can be worse in the evening."
To unlock the question
Question 17
Multiple Choice

The nurse is caring for a patient who suffered a stroke on the right side of the brain. The nurse is careful to implement what safety measures? (Select all that apply.)

Choose correct answer/s
A
"Make sure to put a picture board in the room to communicate with the patient."
B
"Place the call light on the patient's left side."
C
"Leave on a light in the bathroom at night for good visibility."
D
"Place the call light on the patient's right side."
E
"Make sure there are no trip hazards in the patient's room."
To unlock the question
Question 18
Multiple Choice

The nurse is performing a health history to determine the patient's cognitive status. Which questions will be best suited to elicit the information needed? (Select all that apply.)

Choose correct answer/s
A
"Are you able to drive to the store or do errands?"
B
"Do you live with anyone?"
C
"Do you ever feel sad?"
D
"Are you able to smell different foods?"
E
"Have you noticed any difficulty adding up numbers?"
To unlock the question
Question 19
Multiple Choice

The nurse is performing a health history to determine the patient's sensory status. Which questions will be best suited to elicit the information needed? (Select all that apply.)

Choose correct answer/s
A
"Do you ever lose your balance?"
B
"Do you wear glasses?"
C
"Do you read the newspaper?"
D
"Can you feel the difference between hot and cold water?"
E
"Do you wear a hearing aid?"
To unlock the question
Question 20
Multiple Choice

The nurse is caring for a diabetic patient who has had a long history of poor glucose control. For what complications is the patient at risk? (Select all that apply.)

Choose correct answer/s
A
Sudden loss of consciousness
B
Diabetic retinopathy
C
Stroke
D
Peripheral neuropathy
E
Memory loss
To unlock the question