Cognitive Neuroscience

This question bank verified by Studydeets
All Questions
Filter by:
Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

The study of the physiological basis of cognition is known as

Choose correct answer/s
A

cognitive psychology.

B

neuroscience.

C

cognitive neuroscience.

D

neuropsychology.

Check answer
Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

Barbara has recently been diagnosed with abdominal cancer. Her oncologist wants to determine the best treatment method to eliminate the tumors. Her gastroenterologist is focused on relieving her symptoms and restoring normal digestive functioning. Barbara's psychologist works to help minimize her anxiety and keep her spirits up. The fact that these doctors are considering Barbara's situation with different goals and from different perspectives is similar to the idea of __________ presented in your textbook.

Choose correct answer/s
A

the dynamics of cognition

B

idiographic evaluation

C

nomothetic examination

D

levels of analysis

Check answer
Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

Your author points out that studying the mind requires both __________ and __________ experiments.

Choose correct answer/s
A

nomothetic; idiographic

B

behavioral; physiological

C

brain; body

D

observational; correlational

Check answer
Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

Early studies of brain tissue that used staining techniques and microscopes from the 19th century described the "nerve net." These early understandings were in error in the sense that the nerve net was believed to be

Choose correct answer/s
A

continuous.

B

composed of discrete individual units.

C

composed of cell bodies, axons, and dendrites.

D

composed of neurotransmitters rather than neurons.

Check answer
Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

The key structural components of neurons are the

Choose correct answer/s
A

cell body, cellular membrane, and transmitters.

B

axon, dendrites, and glands.

C

cell body, dendrites, and axons.

D

transmitters, dendrites, and nodes of Ranvier.

Check answer
Question 6
Multiple Choice

In the mid-20th century, the study of the mind began using which technique or model inspired by digital computers?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Information processing model
B
Genetic processing model
C
Data processing model
D
Signal processing model
To unlock the question
Question 7
Multiple Choice

A synapse is

Choose correct answer/s
A
a tube filled with fluid that conducts electrical signals.
B
the structure that contains mechanisms to keep a neuron alive.
C
the structure that receives electrical signals from other neurons.
D
the gap that separates two different neurons.
To unlock the question
Question 8
Multiple Choice

Groups of interconnected neurons are referred to as

Choose correct answer/s
A
myelin sheaths.
B
potentiated somas.
C
neural circuits.
D
spreading activations.
To unlock the question
Question 9
Multiple Choice

Action potentials occur in the

Choose correct answer/s
A
cell body.
B
synapse.
C
neurotransmitters.
D
axon.
To unlock the question
Question 10
Multiple Choice

If the intensity of a stimulus that is presented to a touch receptor is increased, this tends to increase the __________ in the receptor's axon.

Choose correct answer/s
A
rate of nerve firing
B
size of the nerve impulses
C
speed of nerve conduction
D
All of these are correct.
To unlock the question
Question 11
Multiple Choice

When recording from a single neuron, stimulus intensity is represented by the

Choose correct answer/s
A
size of the action potentials.
B
size of the synapse.
C
firing rate of the neurotransmitters.
D
firing rate of the action potentials.
To unlock the question
Question 12
Multiple Choice

Which of the following statements best describes how neurons communicate with one another?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Dendrites make direct contact with each other.
B
A chemical process takes place in the synapse.
C
An electrical process takes place in the receptors.
D
Action potentials travel across the synapse.
To unlock the question
Question 13
Multiple Choice

You are walking down the street and see a nice car drive by. You notice its color, movement, and shape. All of these features are processed

Choose correct answer/s
A
in one localized area of the brain.
B
by a specific object neuron.
C
in different parts of the brain.
D
through fMRI potentials.
To unlock the question
Question 14
Multiple Choice

When the axon is at rest, the inside of the neuron has a charge that is 70 millivolts more negative than the outside. This difference will continue as long as

Choose correct answer/s
A
the neuron's receptor continues to be stimulated.
B
the impulse is past the recording electrode.
C
signals remain in the neuron.
D
the neuron is at rest.
To unlock the question
Question 15
Multiple Choice

Neurons that respond to specific qualities of objects, such as orientation, movement, and length, are called

Choose correct answer/s
A
retinal cells.
B
feature detectors.
C
dendrites.
D
receptors.
To unlock the question
Question 16
Multiple Choice

If kittens are raised in an environment that contains only verticals, you would predict that most of the neurons in their visual cortex would respond best to the visual presentation of a

Choose correct answer/s
A
brick wall.
B
chain link fence.
C
solid wall.
D
picket fence.
To unlock the question
Question 17
Multiple Choice

Which organ is unique in that it appears to be static tissue?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Heart
B
Brain
C
Lungs
D
Kidney
To unlock the question
Question 18
Multiple Choice

Edgar Adrian studied the relationship between nerve firing and sensory experience by measuring how the firing of a neuron from a receptor in the skin changed as he applied more pressure to the skin. He found that

Choose correct answer/s
A
the shape and height of the action potential increased as he increased the pressure.
B
the shape and height of the action potential decreased as he increased the pressure.
C
the rate of nerve firing increased as he increased the pressure.
D
the rate of nerve firing decreased as he increased the pressure.
To unlock the question
Question 19
Multiple Choice

When conducting an experiment on how stimuli are represented by the firing of neurons, you notice that neurons respond differently to different faces. For example, Arthur's face causes three neurons to fire, with neuron 1 responding the most and neuron 3 responding the least. Roger's face causes three different neurons to fire, with neuron 7 responding the least and neuron 9 responding the most. Your results support __________ coding.

Choose correct answer/s
A
specificity
B
distributed
C
sparse
D
divergence
To unlock the question
Question 20
Multiple Choice

Why is it easier to study brain tissue from newborn animals than brain tissue from adults?

Choose correct answer/s
A
The density of cells in a newborn brain is small compared with the density in an adult brain.
B
The density of cells in a newborn brain is higher compared with the density in an adult brain.
C
The nerve net system in newborn animals is less developed.
D
The nerve net system in newborn animals is more developed.
To unlock the question