Consciousness

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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

"The thoughts, feelings, and aroused states of which we are aware" is the definition of ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A

subliminal perception

B

consciousness

C

intelligence

D

hypnosis

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

If you were deprived of sleep for a couple of nights, you would most likely ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A

develop schizophrenia

B

begin to not feel tired anymore

C

experience microsleeps until you could get a longer night's sleep

D

suffer serious cardiovascular problems

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

A microsleep is a ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A

nap that lasts about 10-15 minutes

B

short segment of sleep examined randomly by technicians in a sleep lab

C

device designed to facilitate sleep in those suffering from insomnia

D

3-15 second burst of sleep occurring in the midst of a wakeful activity

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

Gustavo often experiences brief episodes of sleep while he is in his psychology class. These brief episodes are called ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A

microsleeps

B

macrosleeps

C

circadian rhythms

D

sleep spindles

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

When people do not get enough sleep, they are more likely to be

Choose correct answer/s
A

able to lose weight.

B

inattentive and easily distracted.

C

joyful.

D

immune to diseases.

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

What is one function of sleep?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Sleep can cure mental illness.
B
Sleep prevents Alzheimer's.
C
Sleep increases your immunity to disease.
D
Sleep inhibits the formation of memories.
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

You have gotten much less than your normal amount of sleep in the last week of the semester in order to complete your coursework. It is likely that your immune system responses will ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
not be reduced, as it takes a couple of weeks of partial sleep deprivation for an effect to occur
B
be reduced
C
be increased
D
be affected, making it more difficult to overcome existing sicknesses, but not reducing your vulnerability to a new virus
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

Your body's immune system response can be reduced ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
with just a few nights of sleep deprivation, but recovery will take more than a month of normal sleep
B
only after a month or more of sleep deprivation, but recovery will occur after only a few nights of normal sleep
C
with just a few nights of sleep deprivation, and recovery can occur with just a few nights of normal sleep
D
only after a month or more of sleep deprivation, and recovery will occur only after a month or more of normal sleep
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

Ivana has spent the last several nights studying for midterm exams. She has not been sleeping as much as she usually does. Which of the following is Ivana most likely to experience due to her reduced amount of sleeping?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Increased body growth
B
Increased alertness
C
Increased susceptibility to cold and flu viruses
D
Increased problem solving ability
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Question 10
Multiple Choice

In order for sleep to benefit your memory, ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
the information you want to remember must be well-encoded before you go to sleep
B
your sleep must not consist of long periods of deep sleep
C
you should clear your mind and not do any strenuous mental work for at least an hour before bed
D
the amount of sleep you get should not exceed more than five or six hours
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Question 11
Multiple Choice

If you attempted to stay awake for a week or longer you would most likely ______ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
die
B
become groggy but not fall asleep
C
gain weight
D
experience microsleeps and eventually full sleep
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Question 12
Multiple Choice

A person who does not get enough sleep is most likely to ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
experience improved social relations
B
have a decreased immune response
C
be very productive
D
develop a mental health problem
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Question 13
Multiple Choice

When you are sleep-deprived, you are likely to become less sensitive to a neurotransmitter that helps to keep you alert during the day. Which neurotransmitter is this?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Serotonin
B
GABA
C
Dopamine
D
Norepinephrine
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Question 14
Multiple Choice

Your friend is trying to convince you that a good night of sleep will help you remember the school material you studied the day before. Research on this topic suggests that your friend is ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
wrong
B
right
C
partially right, in that sleep aids long-term memory, but not short-term memory
D
partially right, in that sleep aids short-term memory, but not long-term memory
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Question 15
Multiple Choice

Research suggests that sleeping at night and being active during the day ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
is contrary to the theory of natural selection
B
is typical behavior for large predators
C
may have evolved as a necessary behavior for humans
D
may have evolved as a necessary behavior for all animals
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Question 16
Multiple Choice

A newborn infant needs about ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
four times the amount of sleep of an adult
B
three times the amount of sleep of an adult
C
two times the amount of sleep of an adult
D
the same amount of sleep as an adult
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Question 17
Multiple Choice

Most American adults need at least ____ hours of sleep a night, but actually average about ____ hours on weekdays.

Choose correct answer/s
A
6.0; 5.0
B
7.0; 7.5
C
8.0; 6.5
D
8.5; 8.0
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Question 18
Multiple Choice

From infancy to adulthood, the need for sleep ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
decreases
B
increases
C
stays the same
D
stays the same until adulthood, at which time it decreases
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Question 19
Multiple Choice

Which individual would likely need the most sleep each day?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Your 80-year-old grandmother
B
Your mother
C
Your teenaged sister
D
Your 3-year-old sister
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Question 20
Multiple Choice

Because genetics appear to influence one's need for sleep, it would be expected that ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
identical twins would be more similar in their sleep needs than fraternal twins
B
fraternal twins would be more similar in their sleep needs than identical twins
C
individuals raised in the same home would have similar sleep needs
D
individuals raised in the same culture would have similar sleep needs
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