Ask the patient if he is anxious about his hospital stay.
Ask a translator to conduct a FACES pain scale assessment.
Ask the patient about pain and assess vital signs.
Ask the patient about any history of depression or anxiety.
put himself first.
consult family members for advice.
ask for a second opinion.
travel great distances to receive the best care.
write everything down for the patient to refer to later.
prompt further to elicit additional questions or concerns.
call the recognized elder for this patient.
call the oldest male relative for help with decision making.
fixed gender roles.