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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

Which statement best illustrates Erikson's theory of development?

Choose correct answer/s
A

The main goal is to establish equilibrium between self and environment.

B

One progresses through stages that involve specific psychosocial tasks.

C

There are four distinct, sequential levels of cognitive development.

D

Cognitive development occurs from birth to around age 15.

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

A nurse asks a 15-year-old boy to think of an explanation for a simple puzzle. When he is unable to come up with any answer at all, the nurse recognizes that he may not yet have successfully mastered which of Piaget's levels of cognitive development?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Sensorimotor

B

Preoperational

C

Concrete operations

D

Formal operations

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

When performing a physical assessment on a 7-month-old infant, the nurse notes that the child is able to smile responsively and unable to roll from the prone to the supine position. What is the most appropriate action for this nurse?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Reassure the parents that the infant is "performing like an 8-month-old."

B

Document the infant's growth and development as "within normal limits."

C

Continue to assess the infant for other signs of developmental delay.

D

Give the caretaker specific directions for specialized exercises.

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

A 7-month-old infant weighs 11.6 lb compared with a birth weight of 7.1 lb and has a head circumference of 19 inches. What does the nurse document about this infant?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Underweight and normal head circumference

B

Underweight and larger-than-normal head circumference

C

Overweight and smaller-than-normal head circumference

D

Normal weight and larger-than-normal head circumference

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

A nurse notices that an infant tries to reach for a toy that the mother has hidden in her hand. This illustrates that the child has developed an understanding of which concept?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Object permanence

B

Trust versus mistrust

C

Autonomy

D

Parallel play

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

The parents of a toddler express concern that the child is not progressing the same way as their other children did at that age. What is the most appropriate suggestion the nurse can give the parents about monitoring the progress of the toddler?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Advising the parents to take the toddler to the clinic every 2 months for reevaluation
B
Teaching the parents how to use the Denver II test to assess for gross motor movement, language, fine motor movement, and personal-social skills
C
Suggesting that the child needs more time to reach the milestones and that additional monitoring is not necessary
D
Informing the parents about the ages and stages questionnaire (ASQ), which identifies developmental delays in children from 4 to 60 months
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

Which characteristics are expected during an assessment of a normal toddler?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Half of adult height achieved by age two, potbelly, and sway back
B
Thirty-two erupted teeth by age 2, tripled birth weight by age 30 months
C
Desire for autonomy coupled with sufficient judgment to ensure safety
D
Head circumference greater than chest circumference, high frustration tolerance
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

A nurse makes observations about a toddler's motor development. Which behavior is an example of fine motor behavior?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Sitting up in a chair
B
Walking while holding on to the edge of a table
C
Creeping up the stairs
D
Stacking blocks to make a tower
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

A nurse is assessing a preschooler who is able to draw a three-part human figure, hop on one foot, and recognize three colors. The nurse recognizes these characteristics as consistent for what age?

Choose correct answer/s
A
3 years old
B
4 years old
C
5 years old
D
6 years old
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Question 10
Multiple Choice

A parent tells the nurse about having difficulty disciplining a 5-year-old child. What characteristic does the nurse teach this parent to improve the discipline of this child?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Children at this age are incapable of delaying gratification.
B
At age 5 years, children are not interested in attaining rights and privileges of individuality.
C
Five-year-olds should demonstrate basic social skills and respond to others' expectations.
D
At age 5 years, children use highly inappropriate methods of expressing frustration.
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Question 11
Multiple Choice

The mother of a 7-year-old boy takes him for a checkup at the local clinic. The nurse notes that the child has gained 4.9 lb and has grown 2.5 inches in 1 year. Based on these findings, what is the most appropriate action of this nurse?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Recommend that the child be placed on a low-fat, high-protein diet.
B
Counsel the mother to increase the amount of calcium in the child's diet.
C
Ask the mother to return with the child next week for a more comprehensive growth and development study.
D
Inform the mother that the child's developmental rate is within the expected ranges for his age.
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Question 12
Multiple Choice

What suggestions does the nurse make to parents to support the development of their 8-year-old child?

Choose correct answer/s
A
They buy the child a computer to foster a sense of self-worth.
B
The emphasis is placed on the importance of being a success at all costs.
C
The child is rewarded for cooperation and healthy competition with peers.
D
Social relationships outside the home are limited to one or two close friends.
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Question 13
Multiple Choice

The parents of a 14-year-old boy express concern that their son's behavior ranges from clean-cut and personable to "grungy" and sullen. They have tried talking with him about this and have tried disciplining him, but he continues to show different sides, and they are confused. What is the nurse's assessment for the behavior of this teenager?

Choose correct answer/s
A
The teenager is dangerously labile.
B
This behavior is normal experimentation.
C
This boy is being rebelliously hostile.
D
This behavior may require hospitalization.
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Question 14
Multiple Choice

During a counseling session, which statement by an adolescent indicates he is adjusting to expected developmental tasks?

Choose correct answer/s
A
"I wish my parents would just leave me alone."
B
"I'm hoping to go to college."
C
"I don't have any friends."
D
"It's terrible being taller than all my friends."
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Question 15
Multiple Choice

Which behavior indicates successful achievement of the major developmental tasks of a young adulthood?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Accepting physical changes
B
Achieving emotional independence
C
Mastering money management
D
Getting an appropriate education
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Question 16
Multiple Choice

Which statement reflects a 21-year-old woman's achievement of an expected developmental task?

Choose correct answer/s
A
"I am planning to get married next year."
B
"I don't plan anything without asking my boyfriend first."
C
"I don't know which direction I'll take after college."
D
"I am living with my parents and may stay for a while."
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Question 17
Multiple Choice

Interviewing patients in middle adulthood, the nurse recognizes which behavior as an expected developmental task for this age group?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Finding meaning in life
B
Establishing autonomy as an individual
C
Increased self-understanding
D
Dissatisfaction with one's interpersonal relationships
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Question 18
Multiple Choice

During middle adulthood, which immunization may be recommended?

Choose correct answer/s
A
PPV (pneumococcal pneumonia vaccine)
B
Hepatitis B virus vaccine, third dose
C
Human papillomavirus (HPV)
D
Td (tetanus and diphtheria toxoids)
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Question 19
Multiple Choice

A nurse recognizes that which patient has not yet successfully completed Erikson's final developmental stage?

Choose correct answer/s
A
A 78-year-old widower who has gone to the mental health clinic for counseling after the recent death of his wife
B
A 60-year-old man who tells the nurse that he is feeling fine and really does not need any help from anyone
C
An 81-year-old woman who states that she enjoys having her grandchildren visit but is usually glad when it is time for them to go home
D
A 75-year-old woman who tells the nurse that she wishes her friends were alive and she wishes she could change the choices she made over the years
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Question 20
Multiple Choice

Which behavior illustrates a developmental task for a "young-old" older adult?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Adapting to living alone
B
Adjusting to loss of physical strength, illness, and emotional stress
C
Managing leisure time
D
Accepting possible institutional living arrangements
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