Emotional Behaviors

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Question 1
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 Professor Metz tells his class that emotions are unique because they don't involve cognition.

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Question 2
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 According to the James-Lange theory of emotion, we experience physiological changes first and then label these changes as an emotion.

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Question 3
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 The pattern of physiological reactions for each emotion is easily distinguishable by the person who is experiencing them.

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Question 4
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 The more important contributions to emotions come from the effects of the autonomic nervous system, not muscle activity.

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Question 5
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 People with damage to either the prefrontal cortex or the amygdala show difficulties processing emotional information.

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Question 6
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 The limbic system-the forebrain areas surrounding the thalamus-has been regarded as non-critical for emotion.

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Question 7
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 Professor Engebretson is working with rats bred to have low serotonin turnover. These rats are expected to have lower levels of aggression than normal rats.

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Question 8
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 The amygdala is one of the main areas for integrating both environmental and genetic influences, and then regulating the current level of anxiety.

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Question 9
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 Jennifer has been diagnosed with PTSD. As such, her startle reflex is suppressed.

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Question 10
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 Amygdala damage will result in the complete loss of the startle response.

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Question 11
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 Instead of seeking a doctor's care, Hoyt seeks to reduce his anxiety with alcohol since alcohol also binds to the GABA receptor.

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Question 12
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 Meda is able to recognize emotionally charged facial expressions from individuals in her own culture better than other cultures.

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Question 13
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 Activation of the HPA axis occurs during prolonged stress.

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Question 14
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 Temporary increases in cortisol can enhance immune function.

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Question 15
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 Prolonged high cortisol levels are associated with increased hippocampal damage.

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Question 16
Multiple Choice

 Psychologists typically define emotion in terms of the following components: ____ .

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A
actions, cognitions, emotions, and heart rate changes
B
feelings, actions, emotions, and heart rate changes
C
cognitions, actions, emotions, and physiological changes
D
cognitions, feelings, actions, and physiological changes
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Question 17
Multiple Choice

 The autonomic nervous system is divided into two parts; the ____ nervous system (which prepares the body for emergency action), and the ____ nervous system (which calms the body).

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A
sympathetic; parasympathetic
B
parasympathetic; sympathetic
C
somatic; craniosacral
D
craniosacral; somatic
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Question 18
Multiple Choice

 After being frightened by a loud noise, Cira experienced activation of her ______ as her body prepared for an emergency.

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A
somatic nervous system
B
craniosacral nervous system
C
sympathetic nervous system
D
parasympathetic nervous system
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Question 19
Multiple Choice

 The sympathetic nervous system is to ____ as the parasympathetic nervous system is to ____ .

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A
fight; flight
B
emergencies; relaxation
C
assertiveness; aggressiveness
D
striated muscles; smooth muscles
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Question 20
Multiple Choice

 According to the ____ theory, we experience emotion after we experience autonomic arousal.

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A
Lange-Jung
B
Lange-Papez
C
James-Jung
D
James-Lange
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