Control by releasing hormones
Control by tropic hormones
Negative feedback control
Onset often occurs during childhood.
Relative insufficiency of insulin or insulin resistance develops.
It can be treated by diet, weight control and exercise, or oral hypoglycemics.
Complications rarely occur.
Increased thirst and hypoglycemia
Osmotic pressure due to glucose
Excess insulin in the body
Loss of glucose in the urine
Failure of the kidney to excrete sufficient acids
Increased catabolism of fats and proteins