Ethical Issues

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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

Social scientists have an ethical obligation to the population they study because _______ .

Choose correct answer/s
A

they study human subjects

B

they use quantitative data collection methods

C

they have no influence on policy and law

D

they have no risk of inflicting physical or emotional harm to subjects

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

Researchers may be led to breach the code of ethics when ________ .

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A

they have planned carefully during research design

B

their study does not break any laws

C

they have excess funding to use

D

they have thought deeply about risks to subjects

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

The doctrine that established principles for ethical research, especially that subjects must voluntarily consent to participate, is the _______ .

Choose correct answer/s
A

Nuremberg Code

B

National Research Act

C

Buckley Amendment

D

Privacy Acts of 1974

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

The doctrine that was the basis for the Declaration of Helsinki and the Ethical Guidelines for Clinical Investigation is the _______ .

Choose correct answer/s
A

Nuremberg Code

B

National Research Act

C

Buckley Amendment

D

Privacy Acts of 1974

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

The research project that observed individuals infected with syphilis for over 40 years and actively sought to keep the existence of the treatment from the participants is the _______ .

Choose correct answer/s
A

Guatemala syphilis study

B

Milgram experiment

C

Tuskegee Syphilis Study

D

ARTICHOKE program

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

The research project that actively infected subjects with syphilis to test the effectiveness of penicillin as a treatment is the _______ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
Guatemala syphilis study
B
Milgram experiment
C
Tuskegee Syphilis Study
D
ARTICHOKE program
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

The research project that tested the tendency to obey authority figures even when orders are directly against one's ethical code through the imaginary use of electric shock is the ______________ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
ARTICHOKE program
B
Zimbardo experiment
C
Humphreys' study
D
Milgram experiment
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

The research project that created a fictitious jail environment to observe the roles of inmates and guards and the authority dynamic in place is the _____________ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
ARTICHOKE program
B
Zimbardo experiment
C
Humphreys' study
D
Milgram experiment
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

The research project that used electroshock, LSD, hypnosis, and other drugs with the goal of determining how to obtain knowledge from subjects without their awareness of the researcher obtaining it is the __________ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
ARTICHOKE program
B
Zimbardo experiment
C
Humphreys' study
D
Milgram experiment
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Question 10
Multiple Choice

The research project that observed casual homosexual encounters, and then tracked subjects to their homes using information from the subjects' license plates to obtain further survey information is the _______ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
ARTICHOKE program
B
Zimbardo experiment
C
Humphreys' study
D
Milgram experiment
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Question 11
Multiple Choice

The first regulation of research that established a review by an institutional committee as a requirement for research was the ____________ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
Family Educational Rights to Privacy Act
B
National Research Act
C
Institutional Guide to DHEW [Department of Health, Education, and Welfare] Policy on Protection of Human Subjects
D
U.S. Surgeon General Statement for Public Health Service Research
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Question 12
Multiple Choice

The mandate that research on human subjects must obtain approval by an institutional review and obtain informed consent from subjects is the ____________ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
Family Educational Rights to Privacy Act
B
National Research Act
C
Institutional Guide to DHEW [Department of Health, Education, and Welfare] Policy on Protection of Human Subjects
D
U.S. Surgeon General Statement for Public Health Service Research
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Question 13
Multiple Choice

The doctrine that required all institutions that sponsor research to establish institutional review committees is the __________ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
Family Educational Rights to Privacy Act
B
National Research Act
C
Privacy Acts of 1974
D
U.S. Surgeon General Statement for Public Health Service Research
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Question 14
Multiple Choice

The mandate that limited access to official records identifying an individual and prohibited release of personal information to anyone else without the written consent of the individual is the ____________ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
Family Educational Rights to Privacy Act
B
National Research Act
C
Privacy Acts of 1974
D
U.S. Surgeon General Statement for Public Health Service Research
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Question 15
Multiple Choice

The doctrine that was created to protect citizens from large private corporations and federal institutions and from the release of potentially erroneous information and records is the _____________ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
Family Educational Rights to Privacy Act
B
National Research Act
C
Privacy Acts of 1974
D
U.S. Surgeon General Statement for Public Health Service Research
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Question 16
Multiple Choice

Which example is NOT a reason that social scientists sometimes question the existence of IRBs?

Choose correct answer/s
A
IRBs are more fit to establish ethical guidelines for qualitative than quantitative research.
B
IRBs sometimes overstep intended purpose and limits.
C
IRBs can impede the search for answers to social problems.
D
IRBs help to mitigate risk of physical or emotional injury to research subjects.
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Question 17
Multiple Choice

A researcher wishes to study behavior in a kindergarten classroom. The researcher sends home permission slips to parents informing them of the study being conducted, with a statement asking parents to return a form refusing their child's participation in the study. The research includes all students in the research for whom parents did not return the refusal form. This is an example of _____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
informed consent
B
active consent
C
passive consent
D
ethical violation
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Question 18
Multiple Choice

A researcher wishes to study behavior in a kindergarten classroom. The researcher sends home permission slips to parents informing them of the study being conducted, with a statement asking parents to return a signed permission form for the child to participate. The research includes only children for whom the signed permission form is received. This is an example of _____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
informed consent
B
active consent
C
passive consent
D
ethical violation
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Question 19
Multiple Choice

When a researcher announces his/her role and intentions to study the subjects it is called ________ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
participant observation
B
covert observation
C
complete participant observation
D
overt observation
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Question 20
Multiple Choice

When a researcher secretly studies research subjects without informing them of the research it is called ________ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
nonparticipant observation
B
covert observation
C
incomplete participant observation
D
overt observation
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