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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

The nurse states, "I like being part of the health care team caring for the traditional two-parent family during the postpartum period as they bond with their newborn." This statement reveals the nurse's

Choose correct answer/s
A

values.

B

duty.

C

fidelity.

D

ethics.

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

A student nurse asks, "What's the difference between laws and ethics?" Which response best explains the difference between nursing laws and ethics?

Choose correct answer/s
A

"Ethics refer to expected behavior of nurses, but laws require mandatory observance by nurses."

B

"Nursing ethics are formalized by statutes, whereas laws are permissive codes."

C

"Ethics are derived from laws, whereas laws are enacted by nonnurse legislators."

D

"Ethics are specific to individual agencies, but laws are state specific."

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

The nurse providing care for patients or residents must act on the knowledge that a basic right of a patient or a resident is to receive

Choose correct answer/s
A

considerate and respectful care from all care providers.

B

information about the diagnosis and prognosis from the practical nurse.

C

the medical care of their choice, regardless of their ability to pay.

D

any food requested and in as large a quantity as desired.

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

A major change in medical ethics that affected nursing occurred when the Western secular belief system shifted emphasis from duties to

Choose correct answer/s
A

individual autonomy and rights.

B

satisfying Medicare regulations.

C

the cost-effectiveness of care.

D

nonmaleficence.

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

The patient asks the nurse, "I overheard the instructor talking to a student about accountability. What does the word 'accountability' really mean?" The best response by the nurse would be

Choose correct answer/s
A

"It is a transfer of responsibility for wrong actions."

B

"It is shared responsibility with the physician for wrongdoing."

C

"It is taking personal responsibility for one's nursing actions."

D

"It is giving up responsibility when the situation dictates."

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

When a student nurse prepares diligently for a clinical assignment, the ethical principle being observed is

Choose correct answer/s
A
autonomy.
B
justice.
C
nonmaleficence.
D
fear of punishment.
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

Encouraging a patient to be involved in planning and carrying out his or her own care is a nursing action that supports the ethical principle of

Choose correct answer/s
A
confidentiality.
B
privacy.
C
autonomy.
D
justice.
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

Leaving an unconscious patient exposed during a treatment or procedure is a violation of the ethical principle of

Choose correct answer/s
A
fidelity.
B
autonomy.
C
justice.
D
nonmaleficence.
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

When a treatment team decides to go to court to obtain permission to provide chemotherapy for a child whose parents refuse to give consent for the treatment based on religious grounds, the ethical principles that are in conflict are

Choose correct answer/s
A
fidelity and justice.
B
beneficence and autonomy.
C
justice and beneficence.
D
autonomy and fidelity.
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Question 10
Multiple Choice

A way of practicing fidelity to a patient would be to

Choose correct answer/s
A
discuss the patient with friends at a social gathering.
B
document the patient's expression of feelings and wishes.
C
categorize the patient as a "down-and-out alcoholic."
D
develop the care plan without patient input.
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Question 11
Multiple Choice

To provide justice to patients on the unit, the nurse must

Choose correct answer/s
A
treat all patients with the same diagnosis utilizing the same plan of care.
B
treat all patients with equal dignity and respect.
C
base care on the patient's culture, religion, and social status.
D
determine who is most deserving of extra care.
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Question 12
Multiple Choice

The patient asks the nurse what he should do about continuing cancer treatment. The nurse responds, "You should stop before you get so weak you can't enjoy a few good weeks with your family." This is an example of

Choose correct answer/s
A
fidelity.
B
beneficence.
C
nonmaleficence.
D
beneficent paternalism.
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Question 13
Multiple Choice

What ethical principle underlies the statement in the National Federation of Licensed Practical Nurses (NFLPN) Code for Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurses, "The practical nurse provides health care to all patients regardless of race, creed, cultural background, disease, or lifestyle"?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Autonomy
B
Confidentiality
C
Beneficence
D
Justice
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Question 14
Multiple Choice

A nurse injects himself or herself with a narcotic prescribed for a patient. This is an example of

Choose correct answer/s
A
unethical and illegal behavior.
B
ethical and legal behavior.
C
unethical but legal behavior.
D
ethical but illegal behavior.
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Question 15
Multiple Choice

A student nurse is assigned to care for a patient with complex nursing care needs. The student was busy and did not prepare in advance for the assignment. In preconference, the student is unable to describe the care to be given and admits not knowing how to execute one of the treatments. The instructor would be ethically justified in

Choose correct answer/s
A
telling the student to be very careful during caregiving.
B
sending the student home and turning the patient's care over to staff.
C
suspending the student.
D
dismissing the student from the program.
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Question 16
Multiple Choice

Which situation can be identified as abandonment of patients by the nurse?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Calling in sick
B
Floating to a unit after a 2-day orientation to the unit
C
Starting to care for patients on wing A and being reassigned to wing B
D
Going off duty without giving report rather than care for patients on an unfamiliar unit
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Question 17
Multiple Choice

The nurse is asked to explain the meaning of ethics to a patient. The nurse should correctly state, "Ethics is a system of standards that refer to ideas and actions in terms of being (Select all that apply.):

Choose correct answer/s
A
right and wrong."
B
moral and immoral."
C
legal and illegal."
D
good and bad."
E
ought and ought not."
F
like and dislike."
G
rights and duties."
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Question 18
Multiple Choice

The introduction of the nursing process and critical thinking into nursing practice has resulted in increased ethical and legal responsibilities for nurses in the areas of (Select all that apply.):

Choose correct answer/s
A
peer reporting.
B
accountability.
C
personal ethics.
D
patient advocacy.
E
cost containment.
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Question 19
Multiple Choice

What actions should be taken by the nurse to increase the possibility of doing no harm while caring for a patient? (Select all that apply.)

Choose correct answer/s
A
Never participate in any action that will deliberately harm the patient.
B
Question how to do the least amount of harm when doing something that is expected to result in good.
C
Make sure the patient has agreed to the procedure verbally or in writing.
D
Perform new procedures without seeking supervision.
E
Become aware of side effects of commonly administered medications.
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Question 20
Multiple Choice

Which nursing actions are examples of use of the ethical principle of beneficence? (Select all that apply.)

Choose correct answer/s
A
The LPN/LVN tells a patient to ask for a second doctor's opinion.
B
The LPN/LVN provides emotional support when the patient cries.
C
The LPN/LVN places the bed in a low position before leaving the room.
D
The LPN/LVN places medication the patient brought from home at the nurses' station.
E
The LPN/LVN provides report for the staff of the oncoming shift.
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