Foundations Of Group Behavior

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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

Which of the following is true, in general, in regard to groups?

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A

A group is characterized by the independence of its members.

B

A group typically lacks definite roles and structures.

C

A group influences our emotional reactions.

D

An informal gathering cannot be considered a group.

E

The membership of a group does not affect how its members treat outsiders.

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

Which of the following is true regarding formal groups?

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A

They are natural formations that arise in response to the need for social contact.

B

They lack clearly defined structures and roles for their members.

C

They have negligible impact on employee performance and behavior.

D

A group of people who come together to protest against a new law make up a formal group.

E

They are marked by stipulated behaviors in pursuit of organizational goals.

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

An informal group is characterized by the ________ .

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A

stipulation of expected behaviors by the organization

B

predetermined designation of tasks of members

C

pursuit of particular organizational goals

D

fulfillment of the need for social contact

E

creation of timelines and rationale

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

Which of the following differentiates between formal and informal groups?

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A

The timeline of reference for formal groups is greater than that for informal groups.

B

The impact of formal groups on organizational performance is less than that of informal groups.

C

Formal groups pursue the goal of social contact, while informal groups have definite organizational goals to attain.

D

Formal groups are typically smaller in size when compared to informal groups.

E

Formal groups involve clearly defined tasks and roles, while informal groups are neither formally structured nor organizationally determined.

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

Our tendency to take personal pride or offense for the accomplishments of a group we are a part of is the territory of the ________ theory.

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A

social exchange

B

expectancy

C

social identity

D

reinforcement

E

equity

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

Which of the following is true with regard to the social identity theory?

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A
It proposes that members take personal pride in accomplishments but dissociate from the group in the event of any offenses or failures.
B
It proposes that people have emotional reactions to the failure or success of their group because their self-esteem is tied into the group's performance.
C
It proposes that people develop only one social identity in childhood that becomes more defined and concrete in the course of their lives.
D
It proposes that social identities can never be detrimental as they have no effect on how members of an ingroup view members of an out-group.
E
It proposes that members of an ingroup are viewed as being homogeneous, while members of an out-group are seen as being heterogeneous.
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

________ is defined as the tendency to see members of the group of which we are a part of as better than other people.

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A
Ingroup homogeneity
B
Xenocentrism
C
Ingroup favoritism
D
The black sheep effect
E
Hindsight bias
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

At Milton farms, where a large part of the management comes from the same sociocultural background, many employees of diverse ethical or cultural origins are hired only to ensure legal compliance with laws relating to diversity at the workplace. The company's day-to-day functioning leaves much to be desired in terms of promoting diversity. Recently, the owner's cousin was promoted to the post of a branch manager while three suitable candidates hailing from different cultures were blatantly overlooked. This is an example of ________ .

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A
social loafing
B
ingroup favoritism
C
groupthink
D
contrast bias
E
social exchange
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

Aaron Dias was working on the last shift for the day at All Needs, a retail store owned by an Asian man, when he opened the cash register and stole some money thinking that nobody would witness him stealing. However, one of the customers watched him steal the money and reported it to the manager the next day, and Aaron was terminated. Subsequently, the manager became extremely strict with all his Caucasian employees and was often heard abusing them by saying, "You guys are all the same." This scenario depicts ________ .

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A
social loafing
B
ingroup favoritism
C
groupthink
D
contrast bias
E
social exchange
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Question 10
Multiple Choice

In the context of the social identity theory, people have ________ to the failure or success of group members.

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A
angry reactions
B
lack of empathy or pride
C
emotional withdrawal
D
lack of reaction
E
emotional reactions
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Question 11
Multiple Choice

________ is when we connect with others because of our roles.

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A
Collective identification
B
Schadenfreude
C
Relational identification
D
Informal group identification
E
Formal group dynamics
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Question 12
Multiple Choice

________ is when we connect with the aggregate characteristics of our groups.

Choose correct answer/s
A
Relational identification
B
Collective identification
C
Schadenfreude
D
Informal group identification
E
Formal group dynamics
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Question 13
True/False

Often, our identification with our workgroups is stronger than with our organizations. Both are important to positive outcomes in attitudes and behaviors. Additionally, if we have low identification in relation to the group, there may be increased competition and decreased organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) by group members. If we have low identification with our organizations, we may experience decreased satisfaction and OCB.

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True
False
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Question 14
True/False

Ingroups and outgroups pave the way for social identity threat.

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True
False
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Question 15
True/False

Social identity threat is akin to stereotype threat.

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True
False
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Question 16
Multiple Choice

Which of the following represents the first action in the group development process of a temporary group?

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A
group direction is set
B
transition after half of time taken up
C
inertia and slow progress
D
second phase of inertia
E
accelerated activity
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Question 17
Multiple Choice

Which of the following represents the second action in the group development process of a temporary group?

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A
group direction set
B
transition after half of time taken up
C
inertia and slow progress
D
second phase of inertia
E
accelerated activity
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Question 18
Multiple Choice

Which of the following represents the third action in the group development process of a temporary group?

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A
transition after half of time taken up
B
inertia and slow progress
C
second phase of inertia
D
transition initiates major changes
E
accelerated activity
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Question 19
Multiple Choice

Which of the following represents the final action in the group development process of a temporary group?

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A
transition after half of time taken up
B
accelerated activity
C
inertia and slow progress
D
second phase of inertia
E
transition initiates major changes
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Question 20
Multiple Choice

Which of the following statements is true with regard to the punctuated-equilibrium model of group development?

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A
It applies to all permanent work groups.
B
It follows the five stages of forming, storming, norming, performing, and adjourning.
C
It does not consider the changes in patterns of group activities in response to deadlines and time constraints.
D
It involves the two strategies of groupthink and groupshift to break out of the phases of inertia.
E
It characterizes groups as exhibiting long periods of inertia interspersed with brief revolutionary changes.
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