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Question 1
Free
Short Answer

Please select the best match for each term.
A)PubMed
B)OMIM
C)GenBank
D)Entrez
E)BLAST
-1)A system for searching several linked databases
2)A tool to compare nucleotide or protein sequences
3)A website that provides links to research articles
4)A database of human genes and disorders
5)A database of genetic sequences

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Question 2
Free
Short Answer

Please select the best match for each term.
A)Gregor Mendel
B)Barbara McClintock
C)Boyer and Cohen
D)Paul Berg
E)Kary Mullis
-6)Developed the polymerase chain reaction
7)Constructed the first recombinant DNA molecule
8)Cloned the first recombinant DNA molecule
9)Conducted breeding experiments with the pea plant
10)Discovered transposable elements

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

The field of genetics includes

Choose correct answer/s
A

the study of heredity.

B

the molecular nature of the genetic material.

C

the ways in which genes control life functions.

D

the distribution and behavior of genes in populations.

E

All of these

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

Quantitative genetics is

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A

the quantitative study of the activity of a gene.

B

the study of the genetic diversity within a large group of individuals of the same species.

C

the study of the genetic diversity within members of a number of related species.

D

the study of traits that are determined by a number of genes simultaneously.

E

the study of the number of characteristics found in an organism.

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

Bacteria and Archaea are

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A

eukaryotic.

B

prokaryotic.

C

archaeotic.

D

anucleotic.

E

proteozoic.

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

Transposons are

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A
proteins that are stable.
B
proteins that are unstable.
C
DNA segments that are stable.
D
DNA segments that are unstable.
E
DNA segments that code for proteins.
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

Genes influence all aspects of life because they

Choose correct answer/s
A
are structural elements of the cell.
B
regulate movement of proteins.
C
produce RNA and protein needed for different processes.
D
localize to the nucleus.
E
are needed for DNA synthesis.
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

An ideal organism for a geneticist to use as a study organism would possess which of the following characteristics?

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A
A relatively short life cycle
B
A large degree of genetic variation among individuals
C
Matings that produce large numbers of offspring
D
A well-characterized genetic background,karyotype,etc.
E
All of these are desirable characteristics
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

The organism that Mendel used for his experiments was

Choose correct answer/s
A
E.coli.
B
the fruit fly.
C
maize.
D
yeast.
E
the pea plant.
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Question 10
Multiple Choice

A map unit (μ)is

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A
the position of a gene on the chromosome.
B
the unit of genetic distance on a chromosome.
C
the unit of physical distance on a chromosome.
D
equivalent to a nucleotide.
E
equal to the number of recombinant progeny.
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Question 11
Multiple Choice

Which of the following is a nematode worm that has been used as a model organism in genetics?

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A
Drosophila melanogaster
B
Mus musculus
C
Arabidopsis thaliana
D
Caenorhabditis elegans
E
Homo sapiens
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Question 12
Multiple Choice

In eukaryotic cells, ________ are energy-producing organelles that contain DNA.

Choose correct answer/s
A
nuclei
B
lysosomes
C
chromosomes
D
nucleoli
E
mitochondria
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Question 13
Multiple Choice

The principles of heredity were first established through breeding experiments carried out in ________ by Gregor Mendel.

Choose correct answer/s
A
the late 1700s
B
the 1950s
C
the 1860s
D
the early 1900s
E
the mid-1600s
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Question 14
Multiple Choice

Tetrahymena is a

Choose correct answer/s
A
fungus.
B
protozoa.
C
green alga.
D
weed.
E
bacteria.
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Question 15
Multiple Choice

Eukaryotic chromosomes consist of

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A
DNA alone.
B
DNA complexed with protein.
C
DNA complexed with RNA.
D
DNA complexed with fatty acids.
E
DNA complexed with protein and RNA.
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Question 16
Multiple Choice

Translation of RNA into proteins occurs

Choose correct answer/s
A
in the nucleus.
B
in the endoplasmic reticulum.
C
in the cytoplasm.
D
in both the nucleus and the cytoplasm.
E
in both the nucleus and the endoplasmic reticulum.
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Question 17
Multiple Choice

The branch of genetics concerned with analyzing the structure and function of genes is

Choose correct answer/s
A
molecular genetics.
B
plant genetics.
C
transmission genetics.
D
population genetics.
E
applied genetics.
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Question 18
True/False

Genetics is central to biology because genes and their functions form the basis of all life processes.

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True
False
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Question 19
True/False

There is a sharp divide between basic and applied research.

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True
False
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Question 20
True/False

The smooth endoplasmic reticulum has ribosomes attached to it.

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True
False
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