Health Promotion And Disease Prevention

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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

The nurse explains that the belief advancing the idea that disease is a result of an organically caused disorder is the

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A

biomedical model.

B

biopsychosocial theory.

C

Dunn's high-level wellness model.

D

Travis' health model.

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

The nurse explains that the client's ability to cope with stress dynamically will play a significant role in the client attaining maximum potential. This approach is most consistent with the model of

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A

King.

B

Leninger.

C

Levine.

D

Neuman.

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

When the nurse encourages a Native American to seek health counsel from the tribe's shaman, the nurse is following the tenets of

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A

King.

B

Leninger.

C

Pender.

D

Rogers.

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

The nurse using the World Health Organization (WHO) description of health bases care on the premise that health is

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A

a gift from a higher being.

B

any disease-free condition.

C

complete mental, physical, and social well-being.

D

high-level functioning despite illness.

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

The nurse planning a health promotion program with clients in the community will focus least on

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A

assisting the clients to make informed decisions.

B

organizing methods to achieve optimal mental health.

C

providing information and skills to maintain lifestyle changes.

D

reducing genetic risk factors for illness.

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

A holistic belief system by the nurse would be most evident if the nurse

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A
accepts death as an outcome of life.
B
encourages behavior modification programs.
C
incorporates client perceptions of health when planning care.
D
supports goal-directed learning to improve health.
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

The nurse understands that the document he/she can use to plan community teaching projects addressing the federal population-based health objectives is

Choose correct answer/s
A
Healthy People 2010.
B
Nursing's Agenda for Healthcare.
C
the federal Medicare/Medicaid Acts.
D
the Goldmark Report.
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

The nurse recognizes the activity that reflects primary prevention is

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A
a self-initiated walking regimen.
B
collaboration with a physical therapist.
C
physician-prescribed exercise after a heart attack.
D
tuberculosis screening.
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

The nurse is planning a community STD (sexually transmitted disease) screening fair. This activity would be considered

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A
epidemiologic prevention.
B
primary prevention.
C
secondary prevention.
D
tertiary prevention.
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Question 10
Multiple Choice

The nurse is developing a teaching plan for a 60-year-old man who experienced a cerebrovascular accident (CVA). The nurse works with the client to prevent aspiration when eating. This is an example of

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A
epidemiologic prevention.
B
primary prevention.
C
secondary prevention.
D
tertiary prevention.
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Question 11
Multiple Choice

The nurse is counseling an overweight young man on entry into a weight reduction and exercise program. The nurse is aware that the client is most likely to begin and maintain the program if he

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A
can envision himself as thinner.
B
feels competent about making the change.
C
has read about the program.
D
is aware of being overweight.
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Question 12
Multiple Choice

The nurse is caring for a 35-year-old client at risk for cardiovascular disease. The client states he is aware that he must "maintain a low-fat diet." Using the Transtheoretical Model and Stage of Change, the nurse assesses that this client is at the stage of

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A
action.
B
contemplation.
C
maintenance.
D
pre-contemplation.
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Question 13
Multiple Choice

The nurse can "empower" a client in adjusting to the changes associated with the chronic effects of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus by

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A
explaining that concerns about vision changes are premature at this point.
B
explaining the pathophysiology of the disease.
C
informing the client about the different types of insulin.
D
teaching the client how to minimize complications.
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Question 14
Multiple Choice

Suggestions that a home health nurse could make to an elderly client with cataracts to reduce the risk of falls in his home would include

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A
arranging scatter rugs to prevent slipping on the hardwood floor.
B
using lower-illumination bulbs to prevent eyestrain.
C
using night lights in every room.
D
wearing soft-soled house shoes indoors.
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Question 15
Multiple Choice

During a nursing history before a physical exam, a nurse identifies a client as being in a violent relationship. The most important intervention by the nurse at this time is to

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A
ask the physician to order a series of x-rays to look for old broken bones.
B
call the police if the abusive partner is in the waiting room.
C
help the woman develop an individual plan to diminish future abuse.
D
refer her to the local battered women's shelter.
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Question 16
Multiple Choice

A client is having a physical examination and asks the nurse if his father, age 76, should have the same prostate cancer screening that he is having. The nurse bases her answer on knowledge that

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A
a simple blood test is all that is required for prostate cancer screening.
B
all men, regardless of age, need routine prostate cancer screening.
C
men over age 70 generally do not need routine prostate screening.
D
only members of certain high-risk ethnic groups need regular screening.
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Question 17
Multiple Choice

A nurse is teaching women breast self-examination (BSE). When designing a teaching program, the nurse is aware that the biggest barrier to women doing BSE is

Choose correct answer/s
A
better screening tools like mammograms.
B
discomfort and pain when doing the exam.
C
lack of confidence when performing the exam.
D
realization that breast cancer is not a leading cause of cancer death in women.
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Question 18
Multiple Choice

A nurse is presenting information at a community forum related to pneumonia. The nurse informs the audience that people who should receive the pneumococcal vaccine include those who (select all that apply).

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A
are over age 65 and had a vaccination more than 5 years ago.
B
are under age 65 and are alcoholics.
C
are under age 65 with chronic illnesses.
D
are over age 65 and have never had pneumococcal pneumonia before.
E
are over the age of 65.
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Question 19
Multiple Choice

Place the steps for breast self-examination (BSE) in the order a nurse should teach a client to do them (select all that apply).

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A
Feel both breasts while lying down.
B
Feel both breasts while sitting or standing.
C
Gently squeeze each nipple to look for discharge.
D
Look at your breasts in the mirror with your arms on your hips.
E
Look at your breasts in the mirror with your arms raised.
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Question 20
Multiple Choice

Strategies a nurse should use when teaching a client include (select all that apply)

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A
using plain, lay language.
B
providing comprehensive information at each session.
C
having the client "teach back" what has been taught.
D
using written material written at a low literacy level.
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