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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

A nurse reviewed information before meeting with the community residents who were attending a program on healthful living. Which of the following best describes the action by the nurse?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Disease prevention

B

Health promotion

C

Health improvement

D

Specific protection

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

A 50-year-old woman comes to the clinic for her first mammogram. Which of the following best describes the action of this client?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Disease prevention

B

Health improvement

C

Health protection

D

Primary health promotion

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

Which of the following is the best definition of health?

Choose correct answer/s
A

A goal and a resource for living

B

A lack of disease or illness

C

Complete state of well-being

D

Freedom from pain or discomfort

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

A nurse was becoming frustrated. She had given her client extensive information on his health problem, but the client continued to be noncompliant in making needed changes. Which of the following principles had the nurse forgotten?

Choose correct answer/s
A

A person may have a higher priority than improving his or her health.

B

Information, while necessary, will not motivate people to change.

C

People need repetition over time to be able to absorb information.

D

Physicians, not nurses, are perceived as experts in health.

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

The nurse working with a client to change behavior to maximize health asked the client to bring his family to the next visit. Which of the following best describes why the nurse wants the family to come with the client?

Choose correct answer/s
A

To analyze the family's beliefs about health

B

To determine the family's support of the client

C

To establish the family's communication patterns

D

To evaluate the family's approval of the proposed changes

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

A nurse is using the theory of reasoned action when working with a client to exercise on a regular basis. Which of the following would be the easiest way for the nurse to determine if the client will engage in this activity?

Choose correct answer/s
A
The client's intention to exercise regularly
B
The client's perception of the threat of illness if he doesn't exercise regularly
C
Society's emphasis on the importance of regular exercise
D
The pros and cons of regular exercise
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

A nurse is using the theory of planned behavior when working with a client to change her behavior and improve her health. Which of the following considerations should be made by the nurse?

Choose correct answer/s
A
If environmental limitations may prevent the person from acting
B
The availability of needed environmental supports for the client
C
The client's belief about factors that may facilitate or impede the behavior
D
If the suggested behavior is actually the most effective approach
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

Some people believe that the air within their workplace makes them ill. Which of the following premises support this belief?

Choose correct answer/s
A
They consistently feel worse on workdays and weeks without holidays.
B
There has been media coverage of "sick buildings" where there is very little air exchange with fresh air outside.
C
Research has demonstrated that some buildings emit poisonous vapors that make anyone who works there ill.
D
When a small group of persons begins to believe something, the others in the larger group begin to believe it as well.
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

It is rumored that there is something in the workplace that is causing persons employed there to feel ill. Which of the following actions would be most appropriate for the nurse to take?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Ask researchers to set up a study to confirm the health hazard in the environment
B
Assess the risk, including identifying any toxic substance
C
Confirm the extent to which the illness resulted from intergroup agreement on the illness and cause
D
Insist that the media not further spread stories of possible sick buildings until the truth of the situation can be studied
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Question 10
Multiple Choice

Which of the following risk factors are least subject to modification?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Choice of lifestyle behaviors
B
Environmental exposure
C
Nutritional options
D
Recreational activities
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Question 11
Multiple Choice

Which of the following best describes why risk reduction is of such importance in the United States today?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Families suffer when family members die from avoidable causes.
B
Risk reduction activities will decrease insurance costs to individuals and their employers.
C
The leading causes of death are all related to lifestyle choices.
D
Risk reduction can decrease the ongoing rise in national health care expenditures.
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Question 12
Multiple Choice

Which of the following is the cause of most preventable deaths in the United States?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Alcohol
B
Drug addictions
C
Sexually transmitted diseases
D
Tobacco
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Question 13
Multiple Choice

A nurse is completing a health history with a client. Which of the following questions would be most important to include?

Choose correct answer/s
A
How many alcoholic drinks do you have in a day?
B
How many sexual partners have you had in the past month?
C
What nonprescription drugs do you take on a routine basis?
D
What kinds of tobacco do you use daily?
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Question 14
Multiple Choice

During a health history, the client looked confused and said, "But everybody drinks, like at parties and such. How much drinking do you think is too much?" Which of the following would be most appropriate response by the nurse?

Choose correct answer/s
A
"Alcohol should be used only in moderation."
B
"It's okay as long as you don't binge, and you eat food with your drinks."
C
"Per day, no more than one drink for women and two drinks for men."
D
"Total abstinence is the only healthy choice."
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Question 15
Multiple Choice

Which of the following best describes the reason why so many Americans are obese?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Culture requires eating at celebrations and holidays.
B
For many people, caloric intake is more than needed for their physical activity.
C
Physical education is no longer a required subject in most elementary and secondary schools.
D
The expected portion size in restaurants has vastly increased over time.
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Question 16
Multiple Choice

Based on statistics, which of the following groups is probably more physically active?

Choose correct answer/s
A
A group of adults living in the southern U.S. states
B
A group of elderly mall walkers
C
A group of high school graduates employed in blue collar occupations
D
A group of highly paid college graduates
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Question 17
Multiple Choice

A young couple is searching for a home in a new neighborhood. Which of the following neighborhoods would most likely promote a healthy lifestyle?

Choose correct answer/s
A
One near a large active military base
B
One with excellent health facilities nearby
C
One with high walkability
D
One with superb recreational facilities
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Question 18
Multiple Choice

Which of the following factors have a profound, if sometimes unrecognized, impact on one's health? (Select all that apply.)

Choose correct answer/s
A
Adequate resources to allow easy access to health services
B
Interpersonal relationships with family and friends
C
Local, state, and national policies
D
Number and quality of health care providers within transportation range
E
Physical neighborhood where one works and lives
F
Understanding the need for healthy lifestyle choices
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Question 19
Multiple Choice

A nurse is using Pender's model to explain what influences individuals to pursue health promotion activities. Which of the following factors would be examined? (Select all that apply.)

Choose correct answer/s
A
A belief that one can change one's behaviors
B
Environmental choices possible
C
Fear of negative consequences if action is not taken
D
The rewards one believes will result if action is taken
E
The threat of an early death if behavior is not changed
F
What one's family and peers believe should be done
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Question 20
Multiple Choice

A nurse is using the health belief model to help a client improve lifestyle choices. Which of the following interventions would the nurse most likely implement? (Select all that apply.)

Choose correct answer/s
A
Conduct an ongoing public information campaign to motivate people to take action
B
Emphasize how important it is to change behavior immediately
C
Examine the individual's perceptions of his or her health in relation to current lifestyle behavior choices
D
Review how lifestyle changes can reduce risk and improve the client's life
E
Share statistics regarding the probability of health problems and their seriousness if action is not taken
F
Use communication channels to send reminders of action currently needed
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