Health-related And Substance-use Disorders

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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

 In the early 1900s, children with enuresis were considered ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A

evil

B

medically compromised

C

behaviorally disturbed

D

willful and defiant

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

 ____ is the primary activity of the brain during the early years.

Choose correct answer/s
A

Growth

B

Learning

C

Sleep

D

Development of language

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

 By the age of ____ , the brain has reached 90% of its adult size.

Choose correct answer/s
A

6 months

B

1 year

C

2 years

D

5 years

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

 Up until the age of ____ , children spend more time asleep than in waking activities.

Choose correct answer/s
A

6 months

B

1 year

C

2 years

D

5 years

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

 Which statement best describes the relationship between sleep problems and psychological adjustment?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Sleep problems may cause emotional and behavioral problems among children and adolescents.

B

Psychological problems are unrelated to sleep problems.

C

Sleep problems may arise from some underlying factor that is specific to biological causes.

D

Psychological problems are not worsened by sleep problems.

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

 Excessive sleepiness that is displayed as either prolonged sleep episodes or daytime sleep episodes is known as ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
insomnia
B
narcolepsy
C
hypersomnolence disorder
D
circadian rhythm sleep disorder
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

 Sleep deprivation impairs functioning of the ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
endocrine system
B
prefrontal cortex
C
occipital lobe
D
left temporal lobe
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

 Sleep produces an "uncoupling" of neurobehavioral systems, providing the ____ with a break.

Choose correct answer/s
A
central nervous system
B
sympathetic nervous system
C
peripheral nervous system
D
parasympathetic nervous system
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

 Which of the following statements about sleep problems is NOT true?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Infants and toddlers have less night-waking problems.
B
Preschoolers have more falling-asleep problems.
C
Younger school-age children have more going-to-bed problems.
D
Adults have trouble finding enough time to sleep.
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Question 10
Multiple Choice

 Insomnia is most common among ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
toddlers
B
preschoolers
C
younger school-aged children
D
adolescents and adults
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Question 11
Multiple Choice

 Night-waking problems are most common among ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
infants and toddlers
B
preschoolers
C
younger school-aged children
D
adolescents and adults
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Question 12
Multiple Choice

 ____ occurs during early to mid-childhood and includes nightmares, sleep terrors, and sleepwalking.

Choose correct answer/s
A
Parasomnia
B
Narcolepsy
C
Dyssomnia
D
Hypersomnia
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Question 13
Multiple Choice

 A dyssomnia in childhood that is either uncommon or underdiagnosed is ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
protodyssomnia
B
hypersomnia
C
breathing-related sleep disorder
D
narcolepsy
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Question 14
Multiple Choice

 A child with insomnia disorder has ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
difficulty falling asleep and maintaining sleep
B
recurrent nightmares
C
excessive sleepiness
D
sleep-related breathing problems
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Question 15
Multiple Choice

 Nightmares usually occur ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
during the first half of the sleep cycle
B
during the second half of the sleep cycle
C
at the very beginning and the very end of the sleep cycle
D
at variable times throughout the sleep cycle
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Question 16
Multiple Choice

 NREM sleep disorders are characterized by ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
easily and constantly aroused from sleep
B
vivid memories of episodes
C
disorientation and difficulty with arousal
D
continuous insomnia
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Question 17
Multiple Choice

 Which dyssomnia is least common in children?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Protodyssomnia
B
Hypersomnia
C
Breathing-related sleep disorder
D
Narcolepsy
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Question 18
Multiple Choice

 Chronotherapy is a treatment for ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
circadian rhythm sleep disorder
B
hypersomnia
C
narcolepsy
D
protodyssomnia
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Question 19
Multiple Choice

 Behavioral intervention for sleeping problems involves ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
sleep medicine
B
exercise
C
positive reinforcement
D
removal of adenoids
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Question 20
Multiple Choice

 Which statement about enuresis is true?

Choose correct answer/s
A
A child must be 3 years of age (or developmental equivalent) to receive the diagnosis.
B
Secondary enuresis is more common than secondary enuresis.
C
Nocturnal enuresis cannot exist in combination with diurnal enuresis.
D
More girls than boys are diagnosed with diurnal enuresis.
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