Hygiene

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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

A nurse is preparing to provide hygiene care. Which principle should the nurse consider when planning hygiene care?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Hygiene care is always routine and expected.

B

No two individuals perform hygiene in the same manner.

C

It is important to standardize a patient's hygienic practices.

D

During hygiene care do not take the time to learn about patient needs.

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

A patient's hygiene schedule of bathing and brushing teeth is largely influenced by family customs. For which age group is the nurse most likely providing care?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Adolescent

B

Preschooler

C

Older adult

D

Adult

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

The patient has been diagnosed with diabetes. When admitted, the patient is unkempt and is in need of a bath and foot care. When questioned about hygiene habits, the nurse learns the patient takes a bath once a week and a sponge bath every other day. To provide ultimate care for this patient, which principle should the nurse keep in mind?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Patients who appear unkempt place little importance on hygiene practices.

B

Personal preferences determine hygiene practices and are unchangeable.

C

The patient's illness may require teaching of new hygiene practices.

D

All cultures value cleanliness with the same degree of importance.

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

The nurse is caring for a patient who refuses to bathe in the morning. When asked why, the patient says "I always bathe in the evening." Which action by the nurse is best?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Defer the bath until evening and pass on the information to the next shift.

B

Tell the patient that daily morning baths are the "normal" routine.

C

Explain the importance of maintaining morning hygiene practices.

D

Cancel hygiene for the day and attempt again in the morning.

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

A nurse is completing an assessment of the patient. Which principle is a priority?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Foot care will always be important.

B

Daily bathing will always be important.

C

Hygiene needs will always be important.

D

Critical thinking will always be important.

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

When providing hygiene for an older-adult patient, the nurse closely assesses the skin. What is the rationale for the nurse's action?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Outer skin layer becomes more resilient.
B
Less frequent bathing may be required.
C
Skin becomes less subject to bruising.
D
Sweat glands become more active.
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

The nurse is bathing a patient and notices movement in the patient's hair. Which action will the nurse take?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Use gloves to inspect the hair.
B
Apply a lindane-based shampoo immediately.
C
Shave the hair off of the patient's head.
D
Ignore the movement and continue.
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

The patient has been brought to the emergency department following a motor vehicle accident. The patient is unresponsive. The driver's license states that glasses are needed to operate a motor vehicle, but no glasses were brought in with the patient. Which action should the nurse take next?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Stand to the side of the patient's eye and observe the cornea.
B
Conclude that the glasses were lost during the accident.
C
Notify the ambulance personnel for missing glasses.
D
Ask the patient where the glasses are.
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

A nurse is assessing a patient's skin. Which patient is most at risk for impaired skin integrity?

Choose correct answer/s
A
A patient who is afebrile
B
A patient who is diaphoretic
C
A patient with strong pedal pulses
D
A patient with adequate skin turgor
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Question 10
Multiple Choice

The nurse is caring for a patient who is immobile. The nurse frequently checks the patient for impaired skin integrity. What is the rationale for the nurse's action?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Inadequate blood flow leads to decreased tissue ischemia.
B
Patients with limited caloric intake develop thicker skin.
C
Pressure reduces circulation to affected tissue.
D
Verbalization of skin care needs is decreased.
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Question 11
Multiple Choice

The nurse is caring for a patient who has diabetes mellitus and circulatory insufficiency, with peripheral neuropathy and urinary incontinence. On which areas does the nurse focus care?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Decreased pain sensation and increased risk of skin impairment
B
Decreased caloric intake and accelerated wound healing
C
High risk for skin infection and low saliva pH level
D
High risk for impaired venous return and dementia
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Question 12
Multiple Choice

The nurse is caring for a patient who has undergone surgery for a broken leg and has a cast in place. What should the nurse do to prevent skin impairment?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Assess surfaces exposed to the edges of the cast for pressure areas.
B
Keep the patient's blood pressure low to prevent overperfusion of tissue.
C
Do not allow turning in bed because that may lead to redislocation of the leg.
D
Restrict the patient's dietary intake to reduce the number of times on the bedpan.
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Question 13
Multiple Choice

Which action by the nurse will be the most important for preventing skin impairment in a mobile patient with local nerve damage?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Insert an indwelling urinary catheter.
B
Limit caloric and protein intake.
C
Turn the patient every 2 hours.
D
Assess for pain during a bath.
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Question 14
Multiple Choice

After performing foot care, the nurse checks the medical record and discovers that the patient has a foot disorder caused by a virus. Which condition did the nurse most likely observe?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Corns
B
A callus
C
Plantar warts
D
Athlete's foot
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Question 15
Multiple Choice

The nurse is caring for a patient who is reporting severe foot pain due to corns. The patient has been using oval corn pads to self-treat the corns, but they seem to be getting worse. Which information will the nurse share with the patient?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Corn pads are an adequate treatment and should be continued.
B
The patient should avoid soaking the feet before using a pumice stone.
C
Depending on severity, surgery may be needed to remove the corns.
D
Tighter shoes would help to compress the corns and make them smaller.
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Question 16
Multiple Choice

The patient is diagnosed with athlete's foot (tinea pedis). The patient says that he is relieved because it is only athlete's foot, and it can be treated easily. Which information should the nurse consider when formulating a response to the patient?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Contagious with frequent recurrences
B
Helpful to air-dry feet after bathing
C
Treated with salicylic acid
D
Caused by lice
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Question 17
Multiple Choice

When assessing a patient's feet, the nurse notices that the toenails are thick and separated from the nail bed. What does the nurse most likely suspect is the cause of this condition?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Fungi
B
Friction
C
Nail polish
D
Nail polish remover
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Question 18
Multiple Choice

The nurse is providing education about the importance of proper foot care to a patient who has diabetes mellitus. Which primary goal is the nurse trying to achieve?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Prevention of plantar warts
B
Prevention of foot fungus
C
Prevention of neuropathy
D
Prevention of amputation
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Question 19
Multiple Choice

The nurse is providing oral care to an unconscious patient and notes that the patient has extremely bad breath. Which term will the nurse use when reporting to the oncoming shift?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Cheilitis
B
Halitosis
C
Glossitis
D
Dental caries
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Question 20
Multiple Choice

The nurse is caring for a patient with diabetes. Which task will the nurse assign to the nursing assistive personnel?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Providing nail care
B
Teaching foot care
C
Making an occupied bed
D
Determining aspiration risk
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