Infant Feeding

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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

The breastfeeding client should be taught a safe method to remove her breast from the baby's mouth. Which suggestion by the nurse is most appropriate?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Break the suction by inserting your finger into the corner of the infant's mouth.

B

A popping sound occurs when the breast is correctly removed from the infant's mouth.

C

Slowly remove the breast from the baby's mouth when the infant has fallen asleep and the jaws are relaxed.

D

Elicit the Moro reflex in the baby to wake the baby up, and remove the breast when the baby cries.

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

Which woman is most likely to continue breastfeeding beyond 6 months?

Choose correct answer/s
A

A woman who avoids using bottles

B

A woman who uses formula for every other feeding

C

A woman who offers water or formula after breastfeeding

D

A woman whose infant is satisfied for 4 hours after the feeding

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

In which condition is breastfeeding contraindicated?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Triplet birth

B

Flat or inverted nipples

C

Human immunodeficiency virus infection

D

Inactive, previously treated tuberculosis

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

Which type of formula should not be diluted before being administered to an infant?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Powdered

B

Concentrated

C

Ready to use

D

Modified cow's milk

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

How many kilocalories per kilogram (kcal/kg) of body weight does a full-term formula-fed infant need each day?

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A

50 to 75

B

100 to 110

C

120 to 140

D

150 to 200

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

How many milliliters per kilogram (mL/kg) of fluids does a newborn need daily for the first 3 to 5 days of life?

Choose correct answer/s
A
20 to 30
B
40 to 60
C
60 to 100
D
120 to 150
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

Which is the hormone necessary for milk production?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Estrogen
B
Prolactin
C
Progesterone
D
Lactogen
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

Which recommendation should the nurse make to a client to initiate the milk ejection reflex?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Wear a well-fitting firm bra.
B
Drink plenty of fluids.
C
Place the infant to the breast.
D
Apply cool packs to the breast.
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

Which is the first step in assisting the breastfeeding mother?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Assess the woman's knowledge of breastfeeding.
B
Provide instruction on the composition of breast milk.
C
Discuss the hormonal changes that trigger the milk ejection reflex.
D
Help her obtain a comfortable position and place the infant to the breast.
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Question 10
Multiple Choice

Which is an important consideration in positioning a newborn for breastfeeding?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Placing the infant at nipple level facing the breast
B
Keeping the infant's head slightly lower than the body
C
Using the forefinger and middle finger to support the breast
D
Limiting the amount of areola the infant takes into the mouth
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Question 11
Multiple Choice

The client should be taught that when her infant falls asleep after feeding for only a few minutes, she should do which of the following?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Unwrap and gently arouse the infant.
B
Wait an hour and attempt to feed again.
C
Try offering a bottle at the next feeding.
D
Put the infant in the crib and try again later.
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Question 12
Multiple Choice

To prevent breast engorgement, what should the new breastfeeding mother be instructed to do?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Feed her infant no more than every 4 hours.
B
Limit her intake of fluids for the first few days.
C
Apply cold packs to the breast prior to feeding.
D
Breast-feed frequently and for adequate lengths of time.
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Question 13
Multiple Choice

What is the difference between the aseptic and terminal methods of sterilization?

Choose correct answer/s
A
The aseptic method requires a longer preparation time.
B
The aseptic method does not require boiling of the bottles.
C
The terminal method requires boiling water to be added to the formula.
D
The terminal method sterilizes the prepared formula at the same time it sterilizes the equipment.
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Question 14
Multiple Choice

How many ounces will an infant who is on a 4-hour feeding schedule need to consume at each feeding to meet daily caloric needs?

Choose correct answer/s
A
1
B
1.5
C
3.5
D
5
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Question 15
Multiple Choice

A new mother is concerned because her 1-day-old newborn is taking only 1 oz at each feeding. What should the nurse explain?

Choose correct answer/s
A
The infant is probably having difficulty adjusting to the formula.
B
An infant does not require as much formula in the first few days of life.
C
The infant's stomach capacity is small at birth but will expand within a few days.
D
The infant tires easily during the first few days but will gradually take more formula.
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Question 16
Multiple Choice

As the nurse assists a new mother with breastfeeding, the mother asks, "If formula is prepared to meet the nutritional needs of the newborn, what is in breast milk that makes it better?" The nurse's best response is that it contains:

Choose correct answer/s
A
more calcium.
B
more calories.
C
essential amino acids.
D
important immunoglobulins.
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Question 17
Multiple Choice

What should the nurse explain when responding to the question, "Will I produce enough milk for my baby as she grows and needs more milk at each feeding?"

Choose correct answer/s
A
Early addition of baby food will meet the infant's needs.
B
The breast milk will gradually become richer to supply additional calories.
C
As the infant requires more milk, feedings can be supplemented with cow's milk.
D
The mother's milk supply will increase as the infant demands more at each feeding.
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Question 18
Multiple Choice

Which should the nurse recommend to the postpartum client to prevent nipple trauma?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Assess the nipples before each feeding.
B
Limit the feeding time to less than 5 minutes.
C
Wash the nipples daily with mild soap and water.
D
Position the infant so the nipple is far back in the mouth.
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Question 19
Multiple Choice

A breastfeeding client who was discharged yesterday calls to ask about a tender hard area on her right breast. What should be the nurse's first response?

Choose correct answer/s
A
"This is a normal response in breastfeeding mothers."
B
"Notify your doctor so he can start you on antibiotics."
C
"Stop breastfeeding because you probably have an infection."
D
"Try massaging the area and apply heat; it is probably a plugged duct."
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Question 20
Multiple Choice

Which is an important consideration about the storage of breast milk?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Can be thawed and refrozen
B
Can be frozen for up to 2 months
C
Should be stored only in glass bottles
D
Can be kept refrigerated for 48 hours
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