Infection Prevention And Control

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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

The nurse and a new nurse in orientation are caring for a patient with pneumonia. Which statement by the new nurse will indicate a correct understanding of this condition?

Choose correct answer/s
A

"An infectious disease like pneumonia may not pose a risk to others."

B

"We need to isolate the patient in a private negative-pressure room."

C

"Clinical signs and symptoms are not present in pneumonia."

D

"The patient will not be able to return home."

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

The patient and the nurse are discussing Rickettsia rickettsii-Rocky Mountain spotted fever. Which patient statement to the nurse indicates understanding regarding the mode of transmission for this disease?

Choose correct answer/s
A

"When camping, I will use sunscreen."

B

"When camping, I will drink bottled water."

C

"When camping, I will wear insect repellent."

D

"When camping, I will wash my hands with hand gel."

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

The nurse is providing an educational session for a group of preschool workers. The nurse reminds the group about the most important thing to do to prevent the spread of infection. Which information did the nurse share with the preschool workers?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Encourage preschool children to eat a nutritious diet.

B

Suggest that parents provide a multivitamin to the children.

C

Clean the toys every afternoon before putting them away.

D

Wash their hands between each interaction with children.

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

The nurse is admitting a patient with an infectious disease process. Which question will be most appropriate for a nurse to ask about the patient's susceptibility to this infectious process?

Choose correct answer/s
A

"Do you have a spouse?"

B

"Do you have a chronic disease?"

C

"Do you have any children living in the home?"

D

"Do you have any religious beliefs that will influence your care?"

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

The patient experienced a surgical procedure, and Betadine was utilized as the surgical prep. Two days postoperatively, the nurse's assessment indicates that the incision is red and has a small amount of purulent drainage. The patient reports tenderness at the incision site. The patient's temperature is 100.5° F, and the WBC is 10,500/mm³. Which action should the nurse take first?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Plan to change the surgical dressing during the shift.

B

Utilize SBAR to notify the primary health care provider.

C

Reevaluate the temperature and white blood cell count in 4 hours.

D

Check to see what solution was used for skin preparation in surgery.

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

The nurse is providing an education session to an adult community group about the effects of smoking on infection. Which information is most important for the nurse to include in the educational session?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Smoke from tobacco products clings to your clothing and hair.
B
Smoking affects the cilia lining the upper airways in the lungs.
C
Smoking can affect the color of the patient's fingernails.
D
Smoking tobacco products can be very expensive.
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

A female adult patient presents to the clinic with reports of a white discharge and itching in the vaginal area. A nurse is taking a health history. Which question is the priority?

Choose correct answer/s
A
"When was the last time you visited your primary health care provider?"
B
"Has this condition affected your eating habits in any way?"
C
"What medications are you currently taking?"
D
"Are you able to sleep at night?"
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

The nurse is caring for a school-aged child who has injured the right leg after a bicycle accident. Which signs and symptoms will the nurse assess for to determine if the child is experiencing a localized inflammatory response?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Malaise, anorexia, enlarged lymph nodes, and increased white blood cells
B
Chest pain, shortness of breath, and nausea and vomiting
C
Dizziness and disorientation to time, date, and place
D
Edema, redness, tenderness, and loss of function
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

Which interventions utilized by the nurse will indicate the ability to recognize a localized inflammatory response?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Vigorous range-of-motion exercises
B
Turn, cough, and deep breathe
C
Orient to date, time, and place
D
Rest, ice, and elevation
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Question 10
Multiple Choice

The nurse is caring for a group of medical-surgical patients. Which patient is most at risk for developing an infection?

Choose correct answer/s
A
A patient who is in observation for chest pain
B
A patient who has been admitted with dehydration
C
A patient who is recovering from a right total hip surgery
D
A patient who has been admitted for stabilization of heart problems
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Question 11
Multiple Choice

The nurse is caring for a patient with leukemia and is preparing to provide fluids through a vascular access (IV) device. Which nursing intervention is a priority in this procedure?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Review the procedure with the patient.
B
Position the patient comfortably.
C
Maintain surgical aseptic technique.
D
Gather available supplies.
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Question 12
Multiple Choice

The nurse is caring for an adult patient in the clinic who has been evacuated and is a victim of flooding. The nurse teaches the patient about rest, exercise, and eating properly and how to utilize deep breathing and visualization. What is the primary rationale for the nurse's actions related to the teaching?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Topics taught are standard information taught during health care visits.
B
The patient requested this information to teach the extended family members.
C
Stress for long periods of time can lead to exhaustion and decreased resistance to infection.
D
These techniques will help the patient manage the pain and loss of personal belongings.
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Question 13
Multiple Choice

The nurse is caring for a patient who is susceptible to infection. Which instruction will the nurse include in an educational session to decrease the risk of infection?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Teaching the patient about fall prevention
B
Teaching the patient to take a temperature
C
Teaching the patient to select nutritious foods
D
Teaching the patient about the effects of alcohol
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Question 14
Multiple Choice

A diabetic patient presents to the clinic for a dressing change. The wound is located on the right foot and has purulent yellow drainage. Which action will the nurse take to prevent the spread of infection?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Position the patient comfortably on the stretcher.
B
Explain the procedure for dressing change to the patient.
C
Review the medication list that the patient brought from home.
D
Don gloves and other appropriate personal protective equipment.
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Question 15
Multiple Choice

A patient presents with pneumonia. Which priority intervention should be included in the plan of care for this patient?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Observe the patient for decreased activity tolerance.
B
Assume the patient is in pain and treat accordingly.
C
Provide the patient ice chips as requested.
D
Maintain the room temperature at 65° F.
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Question 16
Multiple Choice

The nurse is caring for a patient in an intensive care unit who needs a bath. Which priority action will the nurse take to decrease the potential for a health care-associated infection?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Use local anesthetic on reddened areas.
B
Use nonallergenic tape on dressings.
C
Use a chlorhexidine wash.
D
Use filtered water.
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Question 17
Multiple Choice

The infection control nurse is reviewing data for the medical-surgical unit. The nurse notices an increase in postoperative infections from Aspergillus. Which type of health care-associated infection will the nurse report?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Vector
B
Exogenous
C
Endogenous
D
Suprainfection
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Question 18
Multiple Choice

The patient has contracted a urinary tract infection (UTI) while in the hospital. Which action will most likely increase the risk of a patient contracting a UTI?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Reusing the patient's graduated receptacle to empty the drainage bag.
B
Allowing the drainage bag port to touch the graduated receptacle.
C
Emptying the urinary drainage bag at least once a shift.
D
Irrigating the catheter infrequently.
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Question 19
Multiple Choice

Which nursing action will most likely increase a patient's risk for developing a health care-associated infection?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Uses surgical aseptic technique to suction an airway
B
Uses a clean technique for inserting a urinary catheter
C
Uses a cleaning stroke from the urinary meatus toward the rectum
D
Uses a sterile bottled solution more than once within a 24-hour period
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Question 20
Multiple Choice

The nurse is caring for a patient in labor and delivery. When near completing an assessment of the patient's cervix, the electronic infusion device being used on the intravenous (IV) infusion alarms. Which sequence of actions is most appropriate for the nurse to take?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Complete the assessment, remove gloves, and silence the alarm.
B
Discontinue the assessment, silence the alarm, and assess the intravenous site.
C
Complete the assessment, remove gloves, wash hands, and assess the intravenous infusion.
D
Discontinue the assessment, remove gloves, use hand gel, and assess the intravenous infusion.
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