Introduction To Perception

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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

 "Perceiving machines" that can negotiate the environment with humanlike ease _____ .

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A

were developed by computer scientists in the 1960s

B

were developed by computer scientists in the 1970s

C

were developed by computer scientists in the 1990s

D

have yet to be developed

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

 Because perception is something you experience _____ , knowing about how it works is interesting in its own right.

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A

Intermittently

B

when necessary

C

when important

D

constantly

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

 The only way to see, hear, taste, smell, and feel what you want to experience is by _____ .

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A

identifying stimulus inputs

B

discriminating among similar stimuli

C

developing necessary cognitive constructs

D

activating sensory receptors

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

 Steven's auditory receptors were damaged failing to use hearing protection when working in a loud environment. As a result, we can expect that _____ .

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A

the areas of his brain associated with auditory perception will have diminished considerably in size

B

he is almost certainly permanently and completely disabled and likely to require assistance to live independently

C

he will be unable to work without special support, such as the use of hearing aids

D

his auditory experiences will differ from those of an individual whose receptors have not been damaged

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

 Which of the following is the first category of the stages in the perceptual process

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A

stimuli

B

neural Processing

C

serendipity

D

behavioral responses

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

 The process of transforming energy in the environment into electrical energy in the neurons is called _____ .

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A
refraction
B
transduction 
C
reduction
D
Construction
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

 ______ is the step in the perceptual process that is analogous to what happens during an ATM withdrawal, when pressure from button press becomes electrical energy, and then becomes a mechanical response resulting in the dispensing of money.

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A
Knowledge
B
Transference
C
Action
D
Transduction
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

 The specific term for the "stimulus on the receptors" in visual processing is the _____ .

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A
transduced image
B
environmental stimulus
C
visual image
D
perception
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

 The image projected on the retina is best described as a(n) ______ of the actual stimulus.

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A
representation
B
environmental stimulus
C
replication
D
scale model
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Question 10
Multiple Choice

 Which brain structure is responsible for creating perceptions and producing other "high" level functions such as language, memory, and thinking

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A
brain stem
B
cerebral cortex
C
hypothalamus
D
occipital lobe
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Question 11
Multiple Choice

 Visual form agnosia is a problem of the _____ step of the perceptual process.

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A
action
B
attention
C
transduction
D
recognition
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Question 12
Multiple Choice

 Which statement best describes the steps of the perceptual process

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A
The steps are unidirectional, starting at the environmental stimulus and ending at perception.
B
The steps are unidirectional, starting at the environmental stimulus and ending at knowledge.
C
The steps are unidirectional, starting at transduction and ending at recognition.
D
The sequence of steps is dynamic and constantly changing.
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Question 13
Multiple Choice

 If a person sees the unambiguous "rat" stimulus, and then views the ambiguous "rat-man" figure, the person will most likely report seeing _____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
a rat, because of the effect of knowledge
B
a man, because we tend to see things that match our species
C
a rat, because of the effect of action
D
a rat or a man equally
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Question 14
Multiple Choice

 Justin forgot to wear his glasses to class so the writing he sees on the chalk board is blurry. Even so, he is sure it says "Pop Quiz!" because he knows that there are pop quizzes in the class and he can read the "P" and the "Q". What allows him to read the board

Choose correct answer/s
A
bottom-up processing
B
oblique processing
C
top-down processing
D
compression
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Question 15
Multiple Choice

 _____ processing is based on the stimuli reaching the receptors.

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A
Bottom-up
B
Oblique
C
Top-down
D
Receptor
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Question 16
Multiple Choice

 Trying to read a note written by someone with poor handwriting involves _____ .

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A
only top-down processing
B
only bottom-up processing
C
both top-down and bottom-up processing
D
only data-based processing
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Question 17
Multiple Choice

 The physiological level of analysis involves the relationship between _____ .

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A
stimulus-and-physiology only
B
physiology-and-perception only
C
stimulus-and-perception only
D
both stimulus-and-physiology and physiology-and-perception
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Question 18
Multiple Choice

 Kimmy is casting shadows on the wall and watching whether her cat Tiger jumps at the shadows or not. She uses different hand motions to see if there is a difference in whether Tiger jumps or not. Kimmy is informally studying which relationship

Choose correct answer/s
A
the stimulus-physiology relationship
B
the physiology-perception relationship
C
the stimulus-perception relationship
D
the perception-behavior relationship
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Question 19
Multiple Choice

 Cognitive influences affect _____ level of analysis.

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A
only the physiological
B
only the psychophysical
C
both the physiological and psychophysical
D
neither the physiological nor psychophysical
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Question 20
Multiple Choice

 The psychophysical method in which stimuli of varying intensities are presented in ascending and descending orders in discrete steps is called the method of _____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
limits
B
constant stimuli
C
searching
D
scaling
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