Introduction To Qualitative Research

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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

A characteristic of qualitative research data is that they are what?

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A

In text form

B

Dichotomous

C

Free of patterns

D

Inappropriate for analysis

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Question 2
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Multiple Choice

A nurse researcher who is considering whether to use a qualitative research design should be aware that the focus of qualitative research is what?

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A

Measuring one or more human characteristics

B

Controlling variables that interfere with the phenomenon being studied

C

Viewing human beings as composites of many body systems

D

Studying human experiences that occur within a person's natural setting

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

The determining factor for a researcher in selecting a qualitative research approach should be what?

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A

The need to test a theory

B

The nature of the research question

C

The age and gender of the research participants

D

The availability of valid instruments to measure the phenomenon

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Question 4
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Multiple Choice

Which of these terms is synonymous with paradigm?

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A

Empiricism

B

Worldview

C

Holism

D

Viewpoint

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

In which of these circumstances should a nurse researcher select a qualitative research design instead of a quantitative design?

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A

The time for data collection is limited.

B

The research question is clinical in nature.

C

The goal is to view the phenomenon in the same way as those who experience it.

D

The researcher is a novice with minimal experience in scientific problem solving.

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

Which research topic would most likely be studied through a qualitative research approach?

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A
The meaning of health and health promotion among low-income Southern rural women.
B
Changes in hope and coping in older adults during rehabilitation after hip fracture.
C
Exercise effects on fatigue and emotional distress during radiation therapy for breast cancer.
D
Older adults and HIV/AIDS: The relationship of perceived risk and willingness to interact with individuals with HIV/AIDS.
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

A nurse's research question is, "What is the grief experience of women older than 30 years from rural Mexico who have a late-stage pregnancy loss?" Which aspect of the question represents the study's context?

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A
Late-stage pregnancy loss
B
Women older than 30 years
C
Grief experience
D
Rural Mexico
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

Which aim of research is characteristic of or appropriate for qualitative research methods?

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A
Control
B
Prediction
C
Explanation
D
Understanding
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

Which research study characteristic would be inappropriate for qualitative methods?

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A
Testing a new hypothesis
B
Using an intensive approach to data collection
C
Employing inductive analysis of the data
D
Examining individual responses to a nonmodifiable situation
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Question 10
Multiple Choice

How is the number of subjects for participation determined for a qualitative study?

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A
Data are collected from new subjects until data saturation is reached.
B
The number of subjects is the number available at a specific location.
C
The number of subjects is the number available within the researcher's specified time frame.
D
A power analysis of data collected in a pilot study is used to determine the number.
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Question 11
Multiple Choice

Which description is typical of a qualitative research study?

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A
Deductive reasoning is used.
B
Truth is a subject's perception of reality.
C
Sample size is determined before the study begins.
D
One or more variables are measured in a context-free setting.
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Question 12
Multiple Choice

How does the nurse researcher know when data saturation has been reached?

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A
When the participants all agree on the themes derived from the study
B
When the ideas or information coming from new participants have been expressed previously by other participants
C
When the emerging themes are congruent with those developed as a result of previous studies of the same phenomenon
D
When the participants are no longer interested or willing to discuss their experiences or feelings
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Question 13
Multiple Choice

A nurse reads a qualitative study concerning the grief process. Later, the nurse explains to a grieving widow that grief is a process and that many others have successfully made their way through the process. The nurse is using which clinical application of research?

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A
Insight or empathy
B
Assessment of status or progress
C
Anticipatory guidance
D
Coaching
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Question 14
Multiple Choice

The findings of a qualitative research study describe the main essence of an experience but also show how the experience varies, depending on the individual or context. These results fall into which of Kearney's categories of qualitative research findings?

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A
Restricted by a priori frameworks
B
Descriptive categories
C
Shared pathway or meaning
D
Description of experiential variation
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Question 15
Multiple Choice

Which type of clinical application of qualitative research would help a nurse describe the trajectory of an illness?

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A
Insight or empathy
B
Assessment of status or progress
C
Anticipatory guidance
D
Coaching
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Question 16
Multiple Choice

Which of Kearney's categories of qualitative findings describes a phenomenon portrayed vividly from a new perspective?

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A
Restricted by a priori frameworks
B
Descriptive categories
C
Shared pathway or meaning
D
Depiction of experiential variation
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Question 17
Multiple Choice

Which of Kearney's categories of qualitative findings describes a synthesis of a shared experience or process or integration of concepts that provides a complex picture of a phenomenon?

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A
Restricted by a priori frameworks
B
Descriptive categories
C
Shared pathway or meaning
D
Depiction of experiential variation
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Question 18
Multiple Choice

A description of how adolescent girls recovering from addiction to prescription narcotics might or might not move forward to create a new life is an example of which of Kearney's category of qualitative findings?

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A
Restricted by a priori frameworks
B
Descriptive categories
C
Shared pathway or meaning
D
Depiction of experiential variation
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Question 19
Multiple Choice

An older adult's description of pain, including descriptors, attributed causes, and what constitutes good care during a painful episode, would be an example of which category of qualitative findings?

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A
Restricted by a priori frameworks
B
Descriptive categories
C
Shared pathway or meaning
D
Depiction of experiential variation
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Question 20
Multiple Choice

Computer management of qualitative data can assist a nurse researcher with which of these processes?

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A
Organization of data
B
Interpretation of data
C
Credibility of data
D
Synthesis of data
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