Learning, Memory, And Intelligence

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Question 1
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True/False

 McKenzie is using classical conditioning to teach her dog to sit by giving the dog a treat each time she sits.

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Question 2
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 In instrumental conditioning, an individual's response leads to a reinforcer or punishment.

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Question 3
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 Professor Brown told her students that Lashley's search for the engram was based on the false assumption that the cerebellum was the best place to search for an engram.

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Question 4
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True/False

 Eye-blink conditioning depends on the lateral interpositus nucleus.

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Question 5
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 Information in short-term memory is lost more easily than that in long term memory.

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Question 6
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 H.M. was unable to form any kind of new memories after his surgery.

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Question 7
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 Procedural memory deals with the ability to state a memory in words.

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Question 8
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 Hippocampal damage impairs spatial memory.

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Question 9
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 Professor Diggs tells her class that compared to overall brain size, brain-to-body ratio is the best correlate of intelligence.

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Question 10
True/False

 A distinctive symptom of Korsakoff's syndrome is confabulation, in which patients guess to fill in memory gaps.

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Question 11
True/False

 After LTP is established, NMDA receptors are not required to maintain it.

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Question 12
True/False

 The human brain constitutes 2 percent of the body's mass, but consumes 50 percent of its fuel

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Question 13
Multiple Choice

 Pavlov presented a sound followed by meat in his experiments. Gradually, the sound came to elicit salivation. The sound in this experiment would be considered the ____ .

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A
unconditioned stimulus
B
unconditioned response
C
conditioned stimulus
D
conditioned response
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Question 14
Multiple Choice

 Pavlov presented a sound followed by meat in his experiments. Gradually, the sound came to elicit salivation. The salivation to the meat in this experiment was the ____ .

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A
unconditioned stimulus
B
unconditioned response
C
conditioned stimulus
D
conditioned response
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Question 15
Multiple Choice

 Jeramy's cat always purrs when she eats her food. Each day, Jeramy would use the can opener to open the cat food and after a while, he found that his cat would purr each time he used the can opener even if he didn't give her food. What happened?

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A
His cat has amnesia.
B
His cat learned via classical conditioning.
C
His cat learned via instrumental conditioning.
D
His cat has developed LTD.
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Question 16
Multiple Choice

 What should be the usual relationship between the conditioned stimulus and the unconditioned stimulus in classical conditioning?

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A
The conditioned stimulus should be presented first.
B
The unconditioned stimulus should be presented first.
C
They should be presented simultaneously.
D
It depends on what each stimulus is.
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Question 17
Multiple Choice

 In instrumental conditioning, reinforcement is ____ .

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A
any food that the organism likes
B
a stimulus that produces a reflexive response
C
an event that decreases the future probability of a response
D
an event that increases the future probability of a response
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Question 18
Multiple Choice

 In instrumental conditioning, punishment is a(n) ____ .

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A
stimulus that produces a reflexive response
B
event that decreases the future probability of a response
C
event that increases the future probability of a response
D
event that prevents a response
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Question 19
Multiple Choice

 Which action is most difficult to classify as classical or instrumental conditioning?

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A
Pressing a lever to get food
B
Pressing a lever to escape shock
C
Salivating after a sound previously paired with food
D
Song learning by male birds
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Question 20
Multiple Choice

 Mila gives her child candy after she cleans up her room. The candy is an example of _____ .

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A
a reinforcer
B
a punishment
C
a conditioned stimulus
D
an unconditioned stimulus
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