Learning

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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

Learning is ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A

the ability to orient a sense toward a stimulus

B

the uniquely human ability to accumulate knowledge and information

C

a relatively permanent change in behavior, or the potential for behavior, that results from experience

D

an internalization of facts, information, skills, or behaviors that adds to the knowledge base of the individual

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

The orienting reflex describes ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A

the tendency to turn toward the source of some novel stimuli

B

the logical thinking processes we go through to figure something out

C

our sense of direction

D

our tendency to scan the entire visual field in order to sense the important information

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

When a parent suddenly turns toward the baby crying in the other room while talking through the telephone, ____ has occurred.

Choose correct answer/s
A

sensory reduction

B

habituation

C

the orienting reflex

D

classical conditioning

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

Which of the following is an example of an orienting reflex?

Choose correct answer/s
A

A cat sniffing the air when it detects the odor of a strange animal

B

Looking at the page of your text as you read it

C

Watching television

D

Looking at a person that you are having a conversation with on the bus

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

What is an example of an orienting reflex?

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A

While standing in line at the cafeteria, you turn around to see who poked you in the back.

B

While watching a movie at the local theater, you reach for another handful of popcorn from your date's bucket of popcorn.

C

While watching a horror movie on TV, you yell at some of the characters, telling them not to open the door.

D

While looking for a book in the library, you get lost and have to refer to a map.

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

The orienting reflex is to ____ , as habituation is to ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
learning; forgetting
B
novel experience; repeated experience
C
simple information; complex information
D
adaptive; maladaptive
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

When we are presented with a new stimulus that repeats itself, at first we would exhibit ____ , and then after a while we would exhibit ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
assimilation; accommodation
B
accommodation; assimilation
C
the orienting reflex; habituation
D
habituation; the orienting response
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

When your dog continually barks, you eventually pay less attention to the noise. This illustrates ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
sensory reduction
B
habituation
C
orienting
D
classical conditioning
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

Habituation describes the ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
increase in attention we give to repeated stimulation
B
decrease in attention we give to repeated stimulation
C
process of learning behaviors that will be repeated without thinking in the future
D
learning process that transforms one habit into another one
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Question 10
Multiple Choice

Terry is trying to study in the student center. At first, he finds it hard to concentrate because of all the noise and conversation going on around him. However, after a few minutes, Terry is able to tune out the noise and concentrate on his studies. Terry's experience is an example of what type of learning?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Habituation
B
Sensitization
C
Restructuring
D
Social learning
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Question 11
Multiple Choice

Which of the following is an example of habituation?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Learning to smoke cigarettes
B
Learning to ride a bike
C
Learning to ignore a barking dog
D
Learning to associate the smell of rose perfume with your grandmother
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Question 12
Multiple Choice

The orienting reflex in combination with habituation suggests that we ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
begin to learn only after we have developed the capacity to think
B
are different from animals in the way that we learn
C
are capable of learning even without the benefit of sensation
D
are more sensitive to new stimuli than repeated stimuli
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Question 13
Multiple Choice

Recent research on the brain and habituation suggests habituation is somewhat primitive in nature. This research has found that which part of the brain is involved in certain instances of habituation?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Medulla
B
Corpus callosum
C
Cerebellum
D
Prefrontal cortex
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Question 14
Multiple Choice

Which statement is true about habituation?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Habituation is an ability that almost all creatures possess.
B
Habituation illustrates the importance of reinforcement.
C
Habituation is a more complex type of learning than classical conditioning.
D
Habituation is the most complex form of associative learning.
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Question 15
Multiple Choice

The orienting reflex is useful because it ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
has a self-protective function
B
helps us ignore stimuli that are not important
C
helps us focus for a sustained period of time on one task
D
promotes risk-taking behavior
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Question 16
Multiple Choice

The simplest type of learning seen in living things is ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
the orienting reflex
B
operant conditioning
C
classical conditioning
D
habituation
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Question 17
Multiple Choice

A physical therapist who attempts to treat a person with chronic motion sickness by repeatedly exposing the person to the stimulation that causes the motion sickness is using ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
dishabituation
B
the orienting response
C
spontaneous recovery
D
habituation
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Question 18
Multiple Choice

Recent research suggests that migraines may be correlated with ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
too much habituation
B
not enough habituation
C
an inability to dishabituate
D
a lack of neural activity in the brain
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Question 19
Multiple Choice

When an organism begins to respond more intensely to a stimulus to which it has previously habituated, then ____ has occurred.

Choose correct answer/s
A
dishabituation
B
social learning
C
insight
D
modeling
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Question 20
Multiple Choice

Ivan Pavlov discovered classical conditioning through his research on ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
digestion
B
dishabituation
C
audition
D
mental illness
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