Management Of Clients Requiring Transplantation

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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

The nurse on a team maintaining an organ donor before organ harvest makes the following assessment findings. Which finding must be addressed first?

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A

Blood pressure of (100/40) mm Hg

B

Pulse of 120 beats/min

C

Respirations of 16/min

D

Urine output of 60 ml/hr

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

The nurse working with the family of a potential organ donor informs them that the Uniform Determination of Death Act (UDDA) includes in its definition of death irreversible cessation of activity in the entire brain

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A

except in the situation of an ancephalic infant.

B

in a person in an irreversible vegetative state.

C

including the brain stem.

D

unless a vegetative state has exceeded 2 years.

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

A client who had a kidney transplant develops decreased urine output, increased serum creatinine level, and a slight elevation in temperature. The nurse anticipates providing which intervention?

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A

Antibiotics

B

Extra IV fluids

C

High-dose steroids

D

Plasmapheresis

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

The nurse working with clients who need organ transplant includes in the teaching plan that the primary responsibility of the transplantation team is to

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A

determine the histocompatibility of the donor and the recipient.

B

find the best candidate with good immune function and appropriate insurance.

C

provide the greatest number of transplants possible because of the ongoing great need.

D

transplant organs into clients with the best chance of long-term success.

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

The nurse counseling a potential organ transplant candidate and his family explains that the evaluation process generally takes about

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A

1 to 2 days.

B

3 to 5 days.

C

7 to 10 days.

D

1 to 2 weeks.

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

Basing the assessment on knowledge of cultural customs and beliefs, the nurse would identify the client who would have the greatest conflict with heart transplantation as being from the faith of

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A
Black Muslim.
B
Buddhism.
C
Friends (Quakers).
D
Russian Orthodox.
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

The most important topic related to health promotion the nurse should teach a client before being discharged after an organ transplant is

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A
housing options close to the transplant center for the next 1-2 months.
B
how to access funding to pay for lifelong immunosuppressant therapy.
C
primary prevention measures against common infectious diseases.
D
transplant team contact information for the client's primary health care provider.
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

A nurse in the intensive care unit is caring for a post-transplantation client. This client's first set of vital signs were temperature 94.4° F, pulse 110 beats/min, respirations ventilated at 20 breaths/min, blood pressure 108/64 mm Hg. After 2 hours, the vital signs are temperature 98.4° F, pulse 108 beats/min, respirations ventilated at 20 breaths/min, blood pressure 88/58 mm Hg. Which action by the nurse is most appropriate at this time?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Anticipate an order for arterial blood gasses (ABGs).
B
Call the physician to report that the client is still tachycardic.
C
Chart the findings and continue to monitor the client.
D
Prepare to administer vasoconstricting agents.
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

The nurse warns a client who has been found to be an acceptable candidate for a kidney transplant, that now the greatest impediment to renal transplantation is

Choose correct answer/s
A
high potential for rejection.
B
high risk for infection.
C
insufficient financial resources.
D
lack of sufficient donor organs.
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Question 10
Multiple Choice

The nurse working with a client awaiting organ transplant would focus on dispelling the false belief that

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A
medications used to prevent organ rejection have significant side effects.
B
the risk of organ rejection is an ongoing possibility post transplant.
C
transplantation will resolve the manifestations of end-stage organ disease.
D
transplantation will resolve most of the problems now faced by the family.
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Question 11
Multiple Choice

The nurse working in an emergency department assesses that the client near death who would be the best candidate for organ donation is the client with

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A
cancer.
B
cirrhosis.
C
coronary heart disease.
D
subarachnoid hemorrhage.
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Question 12
Multiple Choice

A nurse working as part of a transplantation team is conducting a group education session. A client waiting for a heart transplant asks why he cannot stay in his rural home to wait. He knows someone who had a kidney transplant and stayed in the same local area waiting for his transplant. The best response by the nurse would be

Choose correct answer/s
A
"Because of confidentiality rules, I can't talk about your friend's experience."
B
"How long ago did that occur?"
C
"Different transplant centers have different requirements."
D
"Each organ's viability time is different. Kidneys can last longer than hearts."
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Question 13
Multiple Choice

The nurse teaching a post-transplant client realizes that goals have been met when the client verbalizes understanding that the most common reason for rehospitalization in the post-transplant client is

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A
acute rejection.
B
chronic rejection.
C
infection.
D
malignancy.
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Question 14
Multiple Choice

To identify manifestations of rejection following kidney transplant, the nurse would instruct a client going home to monitor for

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A
fatigue.
B
hypothermia.
C
recurrent nausea.
D
weight gain.
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Question 15
Multiple Choice

The nurse conducting community education on transplant options would teach that the client who would benefit most from kidney-pancreas transplantation is the client with

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A
acute renal failure and pancreatitis.
B
end-stage renal disease and type 1diabetes.
C
glomerulonephritis and pancreatitis.
D
polycystic kidney disease and type 2 diabetes.
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Question 16
Multiple Choice

A client who had a liver transplant 4 days ago has developed a fever and decreased biliary tube drainage. The nurse anticipates an order for the client to have a

Choose correct answer/s
A
liver biopsy.
B
set of blood cultures.
C
ultrasound.
D
white blood cell count.
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Question 17
Multiple Choice

The nurse working with a post-transplant client tells the client that he should refrain from returning to his distant original home for up to

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A
1 week.
B
8 weeks.
C
3 months.
D
6 months.
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Question 18
Multiple Choice

A client is confused about Medicare coverage post-transplant. The nurse clarifies that in 1996 Medicare extended insurance coverage for

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A
all organ transplants.
B
postoperative immunosuppressants.
C
preoperative immunosuppressive protocol.
D
relocation expenses.
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Question 19
Multiple Choice

The nurse explains that the law prohibiting the buying and selling of organs is the

Choose correct answer/s
A
National Transplant Act.
B
Organ Procurement and Transplant Network.
C
Uniform Anatomical Gift Act.
D
United Network of Organ Sharing.
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Question 20
Multiple Choice

Important health promotion measures for the client who has received an organ transplant include regularly-scheduled (select all that apply)

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A
dental examinations.
B
mammograms.
C
Papanicolaou (Pap smears).
D
substance abuse screening.
E
vaccinations.
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