Managing Human Resource Systems

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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

Which of the following acts provides for jury trials and punitive damages for employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, gender, or national origin?

Choose correct answer/s
A

The Civil Rights Act of 1991

B

The Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act of 1994

C

The Equal Pay Act of 1963

D

The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

A(n) _____ is an exception in employment law that permits sex, age, religion, and the like to be used when making employment decisions, but only if they are "reasonably necessary to the normal operation of that particular business."

Choose correct answer/s
A

registered employment agreement

B

employment regulation order

C

bona fide occupational qualification

D

critical skills employment permit

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

Carrieck., a company that manufactures handbags for women, posted a requirement for a female model in an online job portal. In the context of federal employment laws, this scenario exemplifies a(n) _____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A

bona fide occupational qualification

B

registered employment agreement

C

employment regulation order

D

critical skills employment permit

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

The management of Elaka Air, an airline company, has set a mandatory retirement age for its flight attendants. This is because the management strongly feels that with age, flight attendants find it difficult to work in a pressurized cabin for extended periods. In the context of federal employment laws, this scenario exemplifies a(n) _____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A

critical skills employment permit

B

bona fide occupational qualification

C

employment regulation order

D

registered employment agreement

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

Roadling Inc., a private bus company, has set minimum and maximum age limits for the recruitment of bus drivers. This is because younger bus drivers may not understand the seriousness of safeguarding the life and safety of passengers, and older bus drivers may not be able to work for long hours and night shifts. In the context of federal employment laws, this scenario exemplifies a(n) _____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A

employment regulation order

B

registered employment agreement

C

bona fide occupational qualification

D

critical skills employment permit

Check answer
Question 6
Multiple Choice

Which of the following is true of the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA)?

Choose correct answer/s
A
It permits workers to take up to twelve weeks of unpaid leave for pregnancy and/or birth of a new child, adoption or foster care of a new child; illness of an immediate family member; or personal medical leave.
B
It guarantees employees the right to form and join unions of their own choosing.
C
It requires that employers provide employees with a workplace that is free from recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm.
D
It prohibits discrimination on the basis of physical or mental disabilities.
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

Which of the following is a criterion outlined in the Uniform Guidelines on Employee Selection Procedures that is used to determine whether companies have engaged in discriminatory hiring and promotion practices?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Equal rights
B
Disparate treatment
C
Unbiased recruitment
D
Opportunistic behavior
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

_____ is intentional discrimination that occurs when people, despite being qualified, are intentionally not given the same hiring, promotion, or membership opportunities as other employees because of their race, color, age, sex, ethnic group, national origin, or religious beliefs.

Choose correct answer/s
A
Disparate treatment
B
Disparate impact
C
Social loafing
D
Adverse impact
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

Darlene Jespersen used to work in a sports bar. Despite being nominated by her manager for a promotion for her outstanding performance, the nomination was rejected; and a male coworker was awarded the promotion. Subsequently, Darlene's manager informed her that she was not promoted because the post requires working extra hours, and the management considered that to be a difficult task for a female employee. This is an example of _____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
disparate treatment
B
adverse impact
C
affirmative action
D
minority domination
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Question 10
Multiple Choice

Eva, a human resources associate at a cell phone manufacturing company, was not given the promotion she deserved because she is a foreign national. In the context of employment discrimination, this scenario best illustrates _____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
disparate treatment
B
adverse impact
C
affirmative action
D
minority domination
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Question 11
Multiple Choice

The job application of Annette for the post of a trainer in a tennis club was rejected only because she was a female. In the context of employment discrimination, this scenario best illustrates _____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
adverse impact
B
disparate treatment
C
affirmative action
D
minority domination
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Question 12
Multiple Choice

The management of Audrumptus, a fine dining restaurant, only recruits males for the positions of chefs and waiters. In the context of employment discrimination, this scenario best illustrates _____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
affirmative action
B
social loafing
C
disparate treatment
D
minority domination
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Question 13
Multiple Choice

Bernalk Corp., a financial organization, only promotes Whites to senior management positions. In the context of employment discrimination, this scenario best illustrates _____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
disparate treatment
B
adverse impact
C
affirmative action
D
minority domination
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Question 14
Multiple Choice

Kansamb Residential School, a school run by Christian missionaries, does not recruit teaching staff who practice other religions even when they meet the hiring requirements. In the context of employment discrimination, this scenario best illustrates _____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
minority domination
B
adverse impact
C
affirmative action
D
disparate treatment
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Question 15
Multiple Choice

Which of the following is an example of adverse impact, a criterion used in determining whether companies have engaged in discriminatory hiring and promotion practices?

Choose correct answer/s
A
A company's hiring policies dictated that only 10% of the employees in the company can be women.
B
The women in a company were given responsibilities equal to that of men but were paid lower salaries than men.
C
Sixty percent of the questions on a competitive exam taken by blacks, Hispanics, and Chinese were on African American history, and most of the candidates who passed the test were black.
D
The chief executive officer of an American company blatantly refused to employ an African American although he had an excellent academic record and was also the best performer in the interview.
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Question 16
Multiple Choice

Goschan Bank is a multinational bank. The employees from the bank's branches in underdeveloped countries are not given higher positions at the headquarters because their industrial knowledge is often insufficient and irrelevant to be employed in the parent country. In the context of employment discrimination, this scenario best illustrates _____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
disparate treatment
B
adverse impact
C
affirmative action
D
minority domination
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Question 17
Multiple Choice

At Abendreg, a multinational law firm, only English-speaking trainers are given the opportunity to impart training to employees in different countries. This is because the company has most of its branches in English-speaking countries, while only three of its branches are in countries where English is not an official language. In the context of employment discrimination, this scenario best illustrates _____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
adverse impact
B
disparate treatment
C
affirmative action
D
minority domination
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Question 18
Multiple Choice

In the context of employment discrimination, which of the following is a difference between disparate treatment and adverse impact?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Unlike adverse impact, disparate treatment can be calculated by dividing the decision rate for a protected group of people by the decision rate for a nonprotected group.
B
Unlike disparate impact, adverse impact is unintentional discrimination.
C
Violation of the four-fifths rule is not an automatic indication of disparate treatment, whereas violation of the four-fifths rule is an automatic indication of adverse impact.
D
Disparate treatment occurs when members of an ethnic group are harmed because they are hired or promoted at substantially lower rates than others, whereas adverse impact occurs when people are not given the same hiring opportunities as other employees because of their race and age.
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Question 19
Multiple Choice

From a legal perspective, the two kinds of sexual harassment are:

Choose correct answer/s
A
quid pro quo and hostile work environment.
B
intentional discrimination and minority domination.
C
adverse impact and disparate treatment.
D
affirmative action and opportunistic behavior.
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Question 20
Multiple Choice

A female worker is working late hours at her office. Her manager approaches her on the pretext of inquiring about work updates. He casually turns the conversation into a personal one and starts touching her and making explicit remarks about her body. The female worker reacts furiously and tells the manager that she is going to take this issue to the human resources department. The manager feels intimidated and threatens her that if she files any complaints, her appraisal will be affected. This case is an example of _____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
structural accommodation
B
disparate treatment
C
adverse impact
D
quid pro quo sexual harassment
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