Measuring Oral Health Status And Progress

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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

To fulfill one of the goals of the National 2020 Objectives for Leading Health Indicators, what percentage of children and adults (younger than 65 years of age) should have health insurance?

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A

25%

B

50%

C

75%

D

100%

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

Which of the following is one of the Healthy People 2020 Leading Health Indicators?

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A

15% increase in proportion of children, adolescents, and adults who used the oral health care system in the past year.

B

11% reduction in the number of preterm live births.

C

50% of young children (aged 19 to 35 months) are fully immunized.

D

40% increase in adults who meet the objectives for aerobic physical activity.

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

Common oral and craniofacial diseases that can be assessed include which of the following?

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A

Pemphigus vulgaris

B

Cherubism

C

Oral and pharyngeal cancer

D

Syndactyly

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

The etiology and pathogenesis of diseases and disorders affecting craniofacial structures are ___________ and ___________ .

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A

monofactorial; simple

B

monofactorial; complex

C

multifactorial; simple

D

multifactorial; complex

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

The United States has developed plans for the prevention of diseases and the promotion of health embodied in the initiative known as which of the following?

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A

The Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors (ASTDD) Basic Screening Survey

B

The Dental, Oral, and Craniofacial Data Resource Center (DRC)

C

The National Oral Health Surveillance System (NOHSS)

D

Healthy People

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

Which of the following agencies has released a comprehensive set of national public health objectives each decade since 1980?

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A
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)
B
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
C
National Board of Public Health Examiners (NBPHE)
D
World Health Organization (WHO)
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

At what frequency does Healthy People provide national health targets aimed at improving the health of all Americans?

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A
Quarterly
B
Biannual
C
Yearly
D
10 year
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

Healthy People 2020 has established national objectives to be reached by which of the following years?

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A
2010
B
2015
C
2020
D
2025
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

The Healthy People 2020 initiative envisions a society in which all people are which of the following?

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A
Free of poverty.
B
Living long, healthy lives.
C
Have the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
D
Disease free.
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Question 10
Multiple Choice

The overarching goals for Healthy People 2020 provide a general direction for the development of which of the following that will measure progress in population health within a specified time period?

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A
Individual surveys
B
Predictive outcomes
C
Set of objectives
D
Regional demographics
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Question 11
Multiple Choice

Healthy People 2020 has been designed to redirect attention from health care to which of the following?

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A
Health marketing
B
Health costs
C
Health determinants
D
Health systems
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Question 12
Multiple Choice

Health determinants are which of the following?

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A
A series of medical tests to determine the health status of an individual
B
The range of personal, social, economic, and environmental factors that determine the health status of individuals or populations
C
Measured according to population surveys
D
Indicators that can be graphed according social stratification
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Question 13
Multiple Choice

To improve health in the coming decade, Healthy People 2020 targets reductions in adverse social and physical determinants as important areas for assessment and which of the following?

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A
Analysis
B
Intervention
C
Data collection
D
Surveys
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Question 14
Multiple Choice

According to the overarching goals of the Healthy People 2020 framework, detailing the multiple determinants of health, the innermost circle represents:

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A
innate individual traits.
B
social, family, and community networks.
C
individual behavior.
D
living and working conditions.
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Question 15
Multiple Choice

The concepts of health equity and which of the following are inseparable in their practical implementation?

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A
Data systems
B
Health disparity
C
Health status
D
Health indicators
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Question 16
Multiple Choice

In the U.S. public health community, and as defined by the Advisory Committee, the term health disparity refers to a particular type of health difference among individuals or groups that is:

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A
attributable to an endemic disease or condition.
B
caused by a genetic anomaly.
C
unfair because it is caused by social or economic disadvantage.
D
more prevalent in a particular race.
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Question 17
Multiple Choice

According to the Advisory Committee on National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives for 2020, what requirements are needed for health equity?

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A
Development of new drugs and therapies for treatment of diseases
B
Continuous efforts focused on elimination of health disparities and continuous efforts to maintain a desired state of equity
C
Construction of more emergency care facilities, particularly in downtown areas
D
More public education on communicable diseases
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Question 18
Multiple Choice

The Healthy People 2020 oral health objectives are which of the following?

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A
Based on the perceptions of voter expectations by members of Congress
B
A combination of current information with contemporary public health principles to benefit the largest number of people in the United States
C
National in scope and are not intended to be applicable to state and local governments
D
Generic and cannot be applied to any specific population group
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Question 19
Multiple Choice

Which of the following have been stressed by several agencies and national organizations as important to the routine collection of data on oral health outcomes, risk factors, and intervention strategies?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Private dental offices
B
Dental and dental hygiene schools
C
Oral health surveillance systems
D
Community health facilities
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Question 20
Multiple Choice

An oral health surveillance system should contain, at a minimum, which of the following?

Choose correct answer/s
A
A core set of oral health measures that describes the status of important oral health conditions
B
Community walk-in health centers
C
A system of door-to-door canvassers to survey constituents
D
A network of computers for integrating data
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