Meconium Aspiration Syndrome

This question bank verified by Studydeets
All Questions
Filter by:
Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

How may a fetus respond when he or she becomes hypoxemic?

Choose correct answer/s
A

The fetus stops making breathing efforts.

B

The fetus makes rapid, shallow chest movements.

C

The fetus makes very deep, gasping inspiratory movements.

D

The fetus shows Kussmaul respirations.

Check answer
Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

What is the consequence of meconium aspiration if there is a "ball-valve" effect in the small airways?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Air trapping on exhalation

B

Apnea of prematurity

C

Air trapping on inhalation

D

Bronchiectasis

Check answer
Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

A neonate with MAS has hypoxemia. Which of the following can be a pulmonary effect of this?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Status asthmaticus

B

Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN)

C

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD)

D

Pulmonary fibrosis

Check answer
Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

About how many neonatal patients with MAS will require mechanical ventilation?

Choose correct answer/s
A

50%

B

30%

C

10% to 15%

D

4%

Check answer
Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

Indications that a newborn has aspirated meconium include all of the following EXCEPT:

Choose correct answer/s
A

high Apgar score.

B

meconium in amniotic fluid.

C

newborn is not actively breathing.

D

meconium staining on skin.

Check answer
Question 6
Multiple Choice

If mechanical ventilation is needed to support a neonate with MAS, which of the following settings is especially important?

Choose correct answer/s
A
High positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) level
B
Long exhalation time
C
High humidity level
D
Give no more than 50% oxygen
To unlock the question
Question 7
Multiple Choice

A common finding in a neonate with MAS is a respiratory rate that is:

Choose correct answer/s
A
under 40/min.
B
between 40 and 60/min.
C
well over 60/min.
D
cyclical with faster and then slower breaths.
To unlock the question
Question 8
Multiple Choice

A patient with MAS has had a chest radiograph taken. What findings can be expected?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Elevated diaphragms
B
Mediastinal shift
C
Irregular densities throughout the lungs
D
Air bronchograms
To unlock the question
Question 9
Multiple Choice

The major pathologic or structural changes associated with the physical presence of meconium in MAS include all of the following EXCEPT:

Choose correct answer/s
A
partially obstructed airways, air trapping, and alveolar hyperinflation.
B
pulmonary air leak syndromes (pneumomediastinum or pneumothorax).
C
totally obstructed airways and absorption atelectasis.
D
pulmonary edema and alveolar flooding.
To unlock the question