Mental Health Disorders

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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

A person who has anorexia nervosa and does not eat to the extent that most people do specifically fits the ____ criteria for distinguishing normal from abnormal behavior.

Choose correct answer/s
A

distress

B

not typical or culturally expected

C

dysfunction

D

level of impairment

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

Which of the following is TRUE about how the rates of mental health disorders compare for adult men and women in the United States?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Men are more likely than women to have experienced a serious mental health disorder in the last year.

B

There is little overall gender difference in the lifetime risk for a mental health disorder.

C

Men and women show no differences in the types of mental health disorders they experience.

D

Women have a lower estimated lifetime prevalence rate for anxiety disorders compared to men.

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

According to the idea that behavior is disordered if it is not typical or culturally expected, a person who does something that other people very rarely do would be considered ____ .

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A

compulsive

B

normal

C

abnormal

D

obsessive

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

The concept of "not typical or culturally expected" in relation to distinguishing normal from abnormal behavior includes ____ .

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A

both the instance of someone doing something that most others do not do and not doing something that most people do

B

only the instance of someone doing something that most others do not do

C

only the instance of someone not doing something that most others do

D

only the instance of someone doing something that involves personal distress

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

Which criterion is especially problematic for psychologists when distinguishing normal from abnormal behavior?

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A

Inability to function

B

Level of impairment

C

Violation of social and cultural norms

D

Personal distress

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

Simone has been diagnosed with elective mutism-she chooses not to speak at all. Simone's behavior may be considered abnormal according to which criterion?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Personal distress
B
Not typical or culturally expected
C
Unconscious thought
D
Distorted perception
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

Stephanie has been expelled from several schools and can't maintain any friendships. Stephanie's psychologist believes that Stephanie is abnormal probably based on which criterion?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Personal distress
B
Disordered perception
C
Inability to function
D
Violation of social norms
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

The fact that homosexuality was once on the American Psychiatric Association list of psychological disorders and now is not on the list specifically illustrates the variability of the ____ criterion for distinguishing between normal and abnormal behavior.

Choose correct answer/s
A
distress
B
dysfunction
C
violation of social and cultural norms
D
level of impairment
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

John exhibits a degree of introversion that is somewhat extreme, but it does not appear to cause him any distress or interfere with his ability to function. Based on this information, a psychologist would probably ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
not classify John as abnormal
B
classify John as abnormal
C
suggest that John would benefit from medication, but not therapy
D
suggest that John would benefit from therapy, but not medication
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Question 10
Multiple Choice

Lorenzo drinks excessive amounts of alcohol each evening. His behavior is negatively affecting his relationships and his job performance. A psychologist may consider Lorenzo abnormal based on which criterion?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Not typical
B
Dysfunction
C
Distorted perception
D
Learned helplessness
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Question 11
Multiple Choice

Defining abnormal behavior as some behavior that is different than the way somebody is supposed to act invokes which criterion to establish abnormality?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Violation of social and cultural norms
B
Personal distress
C
Dysfunction
D
Level of impairment
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Question 12
Multiple Choice

Based on the lifetime prevalence estimates of mental health disorders, it is likely that ____ of all adults in the United States will suffer from a diagnosable mental disorder sometime in their life.

Choose correct answer/s
A
nearly a quarter
B
more than half
C
more than three-quarters
D
nearly 100%
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Question 13
Multiple Choice

Based on the prevalence estimates of mental health disorders, it is likely that ____ of female adults in the United States will have a diagnosable mental disorder in a given year.

Choose correct answer/s
A
more than one-fifth
B
nearly half
C
more than three-quarters
D
nearly 100%
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Question 14
Multiple Choice

Suicide is the ____ cause of death for 15- to 34-year-olds in the United States.

Choose correct answer/s
A
highest
B
second-leading
C
third-leading
D
tenth-leading
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Question 15
Multiple Choice

The concept of a mental health disorder as a disease of the body or brain is consistent with which view of abnormal behavior?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Biological
B
Cognitive
C
Sociocultural
D
Psychological
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Question 16
Multiple Choice

The medical model originated with the ____ perspective of abnormal behavior.

Choose correct answer/s
A
psychological
B
cognitive
C
sociocultural
D
biological
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Question 17
Multiple Choice

In the United States, men have a higher lifetime prevalence of ____ compared to women.

Choose correct answer/s
A
antisocial personality disorder
B
major depression
C
anxiety disorders
D
any mental health disorder
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Question 18
Multiple Choice

A medical doctor who believes that the best treatment for depression is medication is following the ____ perspective of abnormality.

Choose correct answer/s
A
cultural
B
psychological
C
biological
D
social
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Question 19
Multiple Choice

Dr. Frank is a therapist who believes that psychological disorders can be caused by neurotransmitter imbalances in the brain. Dr. Frank takes which perspective on human behavior?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Cognitive
B
Biological
C
Psychoanalytic
D
Social learning
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Question 20
Multiple Choice

The perspective of abnormal behavior that emphasizes the effect of thinking, expectations, and mental assumptions is the ____ perspective.

Choose correct answer/s
A
sociocultural
B
psychoanalytic
C
humanistic
D
cognitive
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