Motivation And Emotion

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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

The tendency to desire and seek out positive outcomes and avoid negative ones would best be considered a(n) ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A

emotion

B

thought

C

motive

D

instinct

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

Jameel has a desire to learn as much about psychology as he can. Psychologists would call this desire a(n) ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A

emotion

B

thought

C

motive

D

instinct

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

Motivation is best defined as a(n) ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A

biological drive to avoid hunger, thirst, and sexual deprivation

B

learned tendency to seek out rewards

C

innate need for arousal and stimulation

D

tendency to desire or seek out positive outcomes and avoid negative ones

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

Wanting to get a college education is an example of a(n) ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A

emotion

B

motive

C

hunger

D

dutifulness

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

Suppose you lost the ability to be motivated in every way. What would likely happen to you?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Nothing much. You would be fine.

B

You would be happier and free of stress.

C

You would sleep all the time.

D

You would be unable to take care of your basic needs.

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

Innate impulses from within a person that direct or motivate behavior are called ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
instincts
B
emotions
C
secondary drives
D
ideas
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

One criticism of William James's theory of instincts is that ____ seems to be eligible for inclusion in the list of possible instincts.

Choose correct answer/s
A
very few behaviors
B
almost every behavior
C
only biological-related behaviors
D
only social behaviors
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

Instinct theory as an explanation of motivation would best be considered a ____ theory.

Choose correct answer/s
A
sociological
B
learning
C
biological
D
cognitive
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

The earliest theory to explain human motivation was ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
drive theory
B
arousal theory
C
incentive theory
D
instinct theory
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Question 10
Multiple Choice

Which theorist proposed that human motivation was best explained by genetically determined instincts?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Abraham Maslow
B
John Watson
C
William James
D
Wilhelm Wundt
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Question 11
Multiple Choice

Hannah is a psychologist who believes that motives are innate tendencies that direct our behavior. Hannah's belief is most compatible with which theory of motivation?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Drive reduction theory
B
Instinct theory
C
Maslow's hierarchy of needs
D
Incentive theories of motivation
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Question 12
Multiple Choice

Helena works for a fast food restaurant, and for the last three months she has been named the employee of the month. In psychological terms, Helena appears to have a great deal of ____ to succeed at her job.

Choose correct answer/s
A
insight
B
motivation
C
hunger
D
dutifulness
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Question 13
Multiple Choice

The drive theory of motivation states that drives are ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
innate instincts that push us toward specific behaviors
B
negative states that we are motivated to reduce
C
positive states that we are motivated to increase
D
learned reactions stemming from social incentives
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Question 14
Multiple Choice

____ drives are to biology as ____ drives are to learning.

Choose correct answer/s
A
Primary; secondary
B
Secondary; primary
C
Homeostatic; primary
D
Primary; homeostatic
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Question 15
Multiple Choice

The motivation to engage in sexual activity is typically accompanied by a desire to increase, rather than decrease, sexual arousal. Which theory of motivation would have the greatest difficulty explaining this desire?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Drive theory
B
Incentive theory
C
Cognitive theory
D
Arousal theory
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Question 16
Multiple Choice

The need for ____ is a secondary drive.

Choose correct answer/s
A
food
B
water
C
money
D
warmth
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Question 17
Multiple Choice

What is the correct sequence of events according to drive reduction theory?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Need, behavior, and drive
B
Drive, need, and behavior
C
Need, drive, and behavior
D
Behavior, drive, and need
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Question 18
Multiple Choice

The concept of homeostasis is most closely associated with ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
arousal theory
B
incentive theory
C
primary drives
D
secondary drives
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Question 19
Multiple Choice

Dr. Williams is a psychologist who believes that motivation is produced when we feel an uncomfortable internal state that pushes us to find a way to feel better. Dr. Williams's belief is most compatible with which theory of motivation?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Drive reduction theory
B
Instinct theory
C
Maslow's hierarchy of needs
D
Incentive theories of motivation
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Question 20
Multiple Choice

Our motivation to sleep can be explained by drive theory because it seems to ____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
stem from an innate instinct
B
occur in response to learned incentives
C
correspond with a need to increase nervous system arousal
D
involve a negative feedback loop
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