Near Drowning/wet Drowning

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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

A 10-year-old girl was rescued from a school swimming pool, where she was found unconscious, and transported to a nearby hospital, where her lungs were discovered to be dry. What could cause dry lungs in this near drowning?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Her glottis spasmed and prevented pool water from entering her lungs.

B

Chlorinated pool water is quickly absorbed across the alveolar-capillary membrane.

C

Her young age and the cool pool water prevented serious pulmonary injury.

D

She swallowed the water.

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

In comparing the pathologic changes to the lungs caused by fresh water versus salt water, which of the following can be stated?

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A

Salt water causes more damage.

B

Fresh water causes more damage.

C

Both cause identical pathologic changes.

D

Cold water of either type causes more damage than warm water of either type.

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

What water temperature has been shown to be a favorable prognostic factor in near drowning?

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A

Higher than 104° F

B

Between 98.6° F and 104° F

C

Between 70° F and 98° F

D

Between 27° F and 70° F

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

Hospital management of near-drowning victims includes all of the following EXCEPT:

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A

measurement of arterial blood gas values.

B

rewarming if the patient is hypothermic.

C

measurement of venous blood gas values.

D

chest radiography.

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

Warming techniques for a cold-water near-drowning victim include all of the following EXCEPT:

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A

cooling the extremities and warming the body core.

B

warming the inspired oxygen.

C

heated intravenous solutions.

D

heated lavage of the pericardial space.

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

After an extended time underwater, a near-drowning victim will most likely have:

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A
tachypnea.
B
a normal respiratory rate.
C
bradypnea.
D
apnea.
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

The pulmonary function findings for a wet drowning victim would reveal:

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A
increased IRV.
B
increased DLCO.
C
decreased VC.
D
increased TLC.
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

In the United States, what percentage of pediatric drowning victims are male?

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A
20%
B
40%
C
60%
D
80%
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

According to the World Health Organization, where does drowning rank worldwide as a cause of unintentional death?

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A
It's the leading cause of unintentional death.
B
It's the second leading cause of unintentional death.
C
It's the third leading cause of unintentional death.
D
It ranks twenty-third among the causes of unintentional death.
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Question 10
Multiple Choice

What is the upper time limit that a cold-water near-drowning victim can be submerged and survive?

Choose correct answer/s
A
10 minutes
B
20 minutes
C
40 minutes
D
60 minutes
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