Nursing Assessment Endocrine System

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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

The nurse is evaluating the laboratory results for a client who has increased secretion of the anterior pituitary hormones. Which of the following findings should the nurse anticipate when reviewing the laboratory findings?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Decreased serum thyroxine levels

B

Elevated serum aldosterone levels

C

An increase in urinary free cortisol

D

Low urinary excretion of catecholamines

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

The nurse is obtaining the health history from a client. Which of the following statements by the client indicates further assessment of thyroid function may be necessary?

Choose correct answer/s
A

"I notice my breasts are tender lately."

B

"I am so thirsty that I drink all day long."

C

"I get up several times at night to urinate."

D

"I feel a lump in my throat when I swallow."

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

The nurse is caring for a client who is preparing for a growth hormone stimulation test. Which of the following adverse effects should the nurse monitor for during the test?

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A

Bradycardia

B

Hypotension

C

Hyperglycemia

D

Tachypnea

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

The nurse is interviewing a client who has a possible thyroid disorder. Which of the following questions will provide the most useful information?

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A

"What methods do you use to help cope with stress?"

B

"Have you experienced any blurring or double vision?"

C

"Do you have to get up at night to empty your bladder?"

D

"Have you had any recent unplanned weight gain or loss?"

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

The nurse is caring for a client in the outpatient clinic who has a prescription for blood cortisol testing. Which of the following instructions should the nurse provide for the client?

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A

"Avoid adding any salt to your foods for 24 hours before the test."

B

"You will need to lie down for 30 minutes before the blood is drawn."

C

"Come to the laboratory to have the blood drawn early in the morning."

D

"Do not have anything to eat or drink before the blood test is obtained."

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

Aclient has a total serum calcium level of 3.3 mmol/L. Which of the following laboratory results should the nurse assess next?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Calcitonin
B
Catecholamine
C
Thyroid hormone
D
Parathyroid hormone
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

During a physical examination, the nurse finds that a client's thyroid gland cannot be palpated. Which of the following is the best action for the nurse to take?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Palpate the client's neck more deeply
B
Document that the thyroid was nonpalpable
C
Notify the health care provider immediately
D
Teach the client about thyroid hormone testing
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

The nurse is caring for a client who has clinical manifestations of hypothyroidism. Which of the following laboratory tests is most accurate to evaluate thyroid function?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Thyroxine (T4) level
B
Triiodothyronine (T3) level
C
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) level
D
Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) level
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

Aclient who has diabetes mellitus asks the nurse what the glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1C) test measures. Which of the following explanations should be the basis of the nurse's response?

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A
Glucose levels 2 hours after a meal
B
Circulating, non-fasting glucose levels
C
Glucose control over the past 3 months
D
Hypoglycemic episodes in the past 90 days
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Question 10
Multiple Choice

The nurse is caring for a client who is taking spironolactone. Which of the following parameters should the nurse monitor?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Decreased urinary output
B
Evidence of fluid overload.
C
Increased serum sodium levels.
D
Elevated serum potassium levels.
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Question 11
Multiple Choice

The nurse is teaching a client how to prepare for an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Which of the following client response indicates that the teaching has been effective?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Fast 12 hours before the procedure
B
Clear fluid diet 12 hours prior to the test
C
Drink only full fluids 6 hours before the test
D
No fluid or food restrictions prior to the test
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Question 12
Multiple Choice

A client is scheduled for a growth hormone stimulation test. Which of the following items should the nurse obtain in preparation for the test?

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A
Basin of ice
B
Cardiac monitor
C
Vial of glargine insulin
D
Intravenous dextrose solution
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Question 13
Multiple Choice

The regulation of oxytocin during childbirth is an example of which of the following mechanisms?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Physiological rhythm
B
Secondary input
C
Loop regulation
D
Positive feedback
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Question 14
Multiple Choice

The nurse is caring for a client who is scheduled for a 24-hour urine collection for 17-ketosteroids. Which of the following actions should the nurse implement?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Keep the specimen on ice
B
Insert a retention catheter
C
Have the client void and save that specimen to start the collection
D
Encourage the client to drink 2-3 L of fluid during the 24 hours
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Question 15
Multiple Choice

When reviewing the laboratory results for a client's total calcium level, which of the following information should the nurse consider?

Choose correct answer/s
A
The blood glucose is elevated.
B
The phosphate level is normal.
C
The serum albumin level is low.
D
The magnesium level is normal.
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Question 16
Multiple Choice

The nurse is caring for a client who was admitted with tetany. Which of the following laboratory values should the nurse monitor?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Total protein
B
Blood glucose
C
Ionized calcium
D
Serum phosphate
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Question 17
Multiple Choice

Which of the following information about a client who is scheduled for an oral glucose tolerance test should be reported to the health care provider before starting the test?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Occasional orthostatic dizziness.
B
A 5-kg weight gain in the last month.
C
Intake of 1 L of water an hour previously.
D
Oral corticosteroid use for rheumatoid arthritis.
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Question 18
Multiple Choice

The student nurse is caring for a client with goitre and possible hyperthyroidism. Which of the following actions by the student nurse should cause the nursing instructor to intervene?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Palpates the neck to check thyroid size.
B
Checks the blood pressure on both arms.
C
Administers nonmedicated eye drops to the client's eyes.
D
Lowers the thermostat to decrease the temperature in the room.
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Question 19
Multiple Choice

The nurse is caring for a client who is undergoing a water deprivation test. Which of the following findings is most important for the nurse to communicate to the health care provider?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Intense thirst
B
2.3 kg weight loss
C
Orthostatic hypotension
D
No change in urine osmolality
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Question 20
Multiple Choice

A client with a possible pituitary adenoma is scheduled for a computed tomography (CT) scan with contrast media. Which of the following client information is most important for the nurse to communicate to the health care provider before the test?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Bilateral poor peripheral vision
B
Allergies to iodine and shellfish
C
Recent weight loss of 8.5 kg
D
History of ongoing headaches
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