Nursing Management Burns

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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

The nurse is assessing a client who spilled hot oil on the right leg and foot and notes that the skin is red, swollen, and covered with large blisters. The client states that they are very painful. Which of the following burn descriptions should the nurse document?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Full-thickness skin destruction

B

Deep full-thickness skin destruction

C

Deep partial-thickness skin destruction

D

Superficial partial-thickness skin destruction

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

The nurse is admitting a client to the burn unit who has an approximate 25% total body surface area (TBSA) burn and the following initial laboratory results: Hct 56%, Hb 172 g/L, serum K+ 4.8 mmol/L, and serum Na+ 135 mmol/L. Which of the following actionsshould the nurse anticipate implementing?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Continue to monitor the laboratory results.

B

Increase the rate of the ordered IV solution.

C

Type and crossmatch for a blood transfusion.

D

Document the findings in the client's record.

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

The nurse is admitting a client to the burn unit who has burns to the upper body and head after a garage fire. Initially, wheezes are heard, but an hour later, the lung sounds are decreased and no wheezes are audible. Which of the following actions should thenurse implement first?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Encourage the client to cough and auscultate the lungs again.

B

Notify the health care provider and prepare for endotracheal intubation.

C

Document the results and continue to monitor the client's respiratory rate.

D

Reposition the client in high-Fowler's position and reassess breath sounds.

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

The nurse is caring for a client with severe burns who is receiving crystalloid fluid replacement IV, ordered using the Parkland formula. The initial volume of fluid to be administered in the first 24 hours is 30 000 mL. The initial rate of administration is 1875 mL/hour. Which of the following infusion rates is accurate after the first 8 hours?

Choose correct answer/s
A

350 mL/hour

B

523 mL/hour

C

938 mL/hour

D

1 250 mL/hour

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

The nurse is caring for a client who is in the emergent phase of burn care. Which of the following nursing actions will be most useful in determining whether the client is receiving adequate fluid infusion?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Check skin turgor.

B

Monitor daily weight.

C

Assess mucous membranes.

D

Measure hourly urine output.

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

The nurse is caring for a client who has just been admitted with a 40% total body surface area (TBSA) burn injury. Which of the following interventions should the nurse include in the plan of care to maintain adequate nutrition?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Insert a feeding tube and initiate enteral feedings.
B
Infuse total parenteral nutrition via a central catheter.
C
Encourage an oral intake of at least 5 000 kcal/day.
D
Administer multiple vitamins and minerals in the IV solution.
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

The nurse is caring for a client who has deep partial-thickness and full-thickness burns of the face and chest and is having the wounds treated with the open method. Which of the following nursing actions should be included in the plan of care?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Restrict all visitors to prevent cross-contamination of wounds.
B
Wear gowns, caps, masks, and gloves during all care of the client.
C
Turn the room temperature up to at least 20°C (68°F) during dressing changes.
D
Administer prophylactic antibiotics to prevent bacterial colonization of wounds.
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

Which of the following actions should be included in the plan of care for a client who has burns of the ears, head, neck, and right arm and hand?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Place the right arm and hand flexed in a position of comfort.
B
Elevate the right arm and hand on pillows and extend the fingers.
C
Assist the client to a supine position with a small pillow under the head.
D
Position the client in a side-lying position with rolled towel under the neck.
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

The nurse is caring for a client who has circumferential burns of both arms and develops a decrease in radial pulse strength and numbness in the fingers. Which of the following actions should the nurse take?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Notify the health care provider.
B
Monitor the pulses every 2 hours.
C
Elevate both arms above heart level with pillows.
D
Encourage the client to flex and extend the fingers.
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Question 10
Multiple Choice

The nurse is caring for a client who incurred extensive burn injuries 5 days ago and has been prescribed ranitidine. Which of the following assessments should the nurse use to evaluate the effectiveness of the medication?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Bowel sounds
B
Stool frequency
C
Abdominal distention
D
Stools for occult blood
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Question 11
Multiple Choice

The nurse is caring for a client who has partial-thickness burns. Which of the following prescribed medications will be best for the nurse to use before wound debridement?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Ketorolac
B
Lorazepam
C
Gabapentin
D
Hydromorphone
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Question 12
Multiple Choice

The nurse is caring for a client who is in the rehabilitation phase after havingdeep partial-thickness face and neck burns and has a nursing diagnosis of disturbed body image. Which of the following actions by the client indicates that the problem is resolving?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Stating that the scarring will only be temporary
B
Avoiding using a pillow to prevent neck contractures
C
Asking about how to use make-up to cover up the scars
D
Expressing sadness and anger about the scar appearance
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Question 13
Multiple Choice

The nurse is caring for a client who has burns over 30% of the body surface. Which of the following events indicates that the client has moved from the emergent to the acute phase of the burn injury?

Choose correct answer/s
A
White blood cell levels decrease.
B
Blisters and edema have subsided.
C
The client has large quantities of pale urine.
D
The client has been hospitalized for 48 hours.
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Question 14
Multiple Choice

Which of the following snacks will be best for the nurse to offer to a client with burns covering 40% total body surface area (TBSA) who is in the acute phase of burn treatment?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Strawberry gelatin
B
Whole wheat bagel
C
Chunky applesauce
D
Chocolate milkshake
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Question 15
Multiple Choice

Which of the following assessment parameters is the priority nursing assessment when caring for a client who has just arrived in the emergency department after suffering an electrical burn from exposure to a high-voltage current?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Oral temperature
B
Peripheral pulses
C
Extremity movement
D
Pupil reaction to light
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Question 16
Multiple Choice

The occupational health nurse is assessing an employee who has just spilled industrial acids on the arms and legs. Which of the following actions is priority for the nurse to implement?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Apply an alkaline solution to the affected area.
B
Place cool compresses on the area of exposure.
C
Cover the affected area with dry, sterile dressings.
D
Flush the burned area with large amounts of water.
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Question 17
Multiple Choice

The nurse is caring for a client who has burns on the back and chest from a house fire and has become agitated and restless 9 hours after being admitted to the hospital. Which of the following actions should the nurse take first?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Stay at the bedside and reassure the client.
B
Administer the ordered morphine sulphate IV.
C
Assess orientation and level of consciousness.
D
Use pulse oximetry to check the oxygen saturation.
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Question 18
Multiple Choice

Which of the following actions should the nurse take first when a client arrives in the emergency department with facial and chest burns caused by a house fire?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Infuse the ordered IV solution.
B
Auscultate the client's lung sounds.
C
Determine the extent and depth of the burns.
D
Administer the ordered opioid pain medications.
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Question 19
Multiple Choice

The nurse is admitting a client with extensive electrical burn injuries. Which of the following prescribed interventions should the nurse implement first?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Start two large bore IVs.
B
Place on cardiac monitor.
C
Apply dressings to burned areas.
D
Assess for pain at contact points.
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Question 20
Multiple Choice

Six hours after a thermal burn covering 50% of a client's total body surface area (TBSA), the nurse obtains these data when assessing a client. Which of the following information is priority for the nurse to communicate to the health care provider?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Blood pressure is 94/46 per arterial line.
B
Serous exudate is leaking from the burns.
C
Cardiac monitor shows a pulse rate of 104.
D
Urine output is 20 mL/hour for the past 2 hours.
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