Nutrition

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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

A nurse is teaching about the energy needed at rest to maintain life-sustaining activities for a specific period of time. What is the nurse discussing?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Resting energy expenditure (REE)

B

Basal metabolic rate (BMR)

C

Nutrient density

D

Nutrients

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

In general, when a patient's energy requirements are completely met by kilocalorie (kcal) intake in food, which assessment finding will the nurse observe?

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A

Weight increases.

B

Weight decreases.

C

Weight does not change.

D

Weight fluctuates daily.

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

A nurse is asked how many kcal per gram fats provided. How should the nurse answer?

Choose correct answer/s
A

3

B

4

C

6

D

9

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

A nurse is teaching a patient about proteins that must be obtained through the diet and cannot be synthesized in the body. Which term used by the patient indicates teaching is successful?

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A

Amino acids

B

Triglycerides

C

Dispensable amino acids

D

Indispensable amino acids

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

A nurse is caring for a patient with a postsurgical wound. When planning care, which goal will be the priority?

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A

Reduce dependent nitrogen balance.

B

Maintain negative nitrogen balance.

C

Promote positive nitrogen balance.

D

Facilitate neutral nitrogen balance.

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

In providing diet education for a patient on a low-fat diet, which information is important for the nurse to share?

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A
Polyunsaturated fats should be less than 7% of the total calories.
B
Trans fat should be less than 7% of the total calories.
C
Unsaturated fats are found mostly in animal sources.
D
Saturated fats are found mostly in animal sources.
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

A patient has a decreased gag reflex, left-sided weakness, and drooling. Which action will the nurse take when feeding this patient?

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A
Position in semi-Fowler's.
B
Flex head with chin tuck.
C
Place food on left side.
D
Offer fruit juice.
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

The patient has been diagnosed with cardiovascular disease and placed on a low-fat diet. The patient asks the nurse, "How much fat should I have? I guess the less fat, the better." Which information will the nurse include in the teaching session?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Cholesterol intake needs to be less than 300 mg/day.
B
Fats have no significance in health and the incidence of disease.
C
All fats come from external sources so this can be easily controlled.
D
Deficiencies occur when fat intake falls below 10% of daily nutrition.
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

The nurse is describing the ChooseMyPlate program to a patient. Which statement from the patient indicates successful learning?

Choose correct answer/s
A
"I can use this to make healthy lifestyle food choices."
B
"I can use this to count specific calories of food."
C
"I can use this for my baby girl."
D
"I can use this when I am sick."
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Question 10
Multiple Choice

The nurse is teaching a health class about the ChooseMyPlate program. Which guidelines will the nurse include in the teaching session?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Balancing sodium and potassium
B
Decreasing water consumption
C
Increasing portion size
D
Balancing calories
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Question 11
Multiple Choice

The nurse is providing nutrition education to a Korean patient using the five food groups. In doing so, what should be the focus of the teaching?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Discouraging the patient's ethnic food choices
B
Changing the patient's diet to a more conventional American diet
C
Including racial and ethnic practices with food preferences of the patient
D
Comparing the patient's ethnic preferences with American dietary choices
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Question 12
Multiple Choice

A nurse is teaching a nutrition class about the different daily values. When teaching about the referenced daily intakes (RDIs), which information should the nurse include?

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A
Have values for protein, vitamins, and minerals
B
Are based on percentages of fat, cholesterol, and fiber
C
Have replaced recommended daily allowances (RDAs)
D
Are used to develop diets for chronic illnesses requiring 1800 cal/day
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Question 13
Multiple Choice

The nurse is planning care for a group of patients. Which task will the nurse assign to the nursing assistive personnel?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Measuring capillary blood glucose level
B
Measuring nasoenteric tube for insertion
C
Measuring pH in gastrointestinal aspirate
D
Measuring the patient's risk for aspiration
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Question 14
Multiple Choice

In teaching mothers-to-be about infant nutrition, which instruction should the nurse provide?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Supplement breast milk with corn syrup.
B
Give cow's milk during the first year of life.
C
Add honey to infant formulas for increased energy.
D
Provide breast milk or formula for the first 4 to 6 months.
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Question 15
Multiple Choice

When planning care for an adolescent who plays sports, which modification should the nurse include in the care plan?

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A
Increasing carbohydrates to 55% to 60% of total intake
B
Providing vitamin and mineral supplements
C
Decreasing protein intake to 0.75 g/kg/day
D
Limiting water before and after exercise
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Question 16
Multiple Choice

In providing prenatal care to a pregnant patient, what does the nurse teach the expectant mother?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Calcium intake is especially important in the first trimester.
B
Protein intake needs to decrease to preserve kidney function.
C
Folic acid is needed to help prevent birth defects and anemia.
D
Extra vitamins and minerals should be taken as much as possible.
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Question 17
Multiple Choice

The patient is an 80-year-old male who is visiting the clinic today for a routine physical examination. The patient's skin turgor is fair, but the patient reports fatigue and weakness. The skin is warm and dry, pulse rate is 116 beats/min, and urinary sodium level is slightly elevated. Which instruction should the nurse provide?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Drink more water to prevent further dehydration.
B
Drink more calorie-dense fluids to increase caloric intake.
C
Drink more milk and dairy products to decrease the risk of osteoporosis.
D
Drink more grapefruit juice to enhance vitamin C intake and medication absorption.
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Question 18
Multiple Choice

The nurse is assessing a patient for nutritional status. Which action will the nurse take?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Forego the assessment in the presence of chronic disease.
B
Use the Mini Nutritional Assessment for pediatric patients.
C
Choose a single objective tool that fits the patient's condition.
D
Combine multiple objective measures with subjective measures.
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Question 19
Multiple Choice

The patient has a calculated body mass index (BMI) of 34. How will the nurse classify this finding?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Normal weight
B
Underweight
C
Overweight
D
Obese
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Question 20
Multiple Choice

A nurse is caring for patients with dysphagia. Which patient has neurogenic dysphagia?

Choose correct answer/s
A
A patient with benign peptic stricture
B
A patient with muscular dystrophy
C
A patient with myasthenia gravis
D
A patient with stroke
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