Other Important Tests And Procedures

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Question 1
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Multiple Choice

Culture and sensitivity tests:

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A

stain a microorganism as gram positive or gram negative.

B

determine the shape of the organisms present.

C

identify the DNA of organisms present in the sputum.

D

determine the antibiotic(s) best suited for combating an infection.

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

Therapeutic bronchoscopy is used for all of the following EXCEPT:

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A

to remove a foreign body.

B

in selective lavage.

C

in bronchiectasis evaluation.

D

to manage life-threatening hemoptysis.

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

Diagnostic thoracentesis can be used to:

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A

withdraw a secretion sample from the lung for a sputum smear.

B

withdraw a secretion sample from the lung for a Gram stain.

C

determine the etiology of a pleural effusion.

D

remove air from the pleural space.

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

After a thoracentesis procedure, it is important to monitor the patient for:

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A

bronchospasm.

B

hemoptysis.

C

increased blood urea nitrogen (BUN).

D

pneumothorax.

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

In a normal differential white blood cell (WBC) count, which of the following would have the highest number?

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A

Neutrophils

B

Basophils

C

Eosinophils

D

Lymphocytes

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

A 14-year-old patient has had a serious asthma attack. Her white blood cell count can be expected to show:

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A
decreased neutrophils.
B
decreased erythrocytes.
C
increased eosinophils.
D
increased monocytes.
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

In response to a viral infection, which of the following can be expected to be seen in the white blood cell count?

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A
Increased lymphocytes
B
Decreased monocytes
C
Increased basophils
D
Decreased platelets
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

For blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine values:

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A
serum creatinine is a protein produced in the kidneys.
B
BUN and serum creatinine values that are higher than the normal range indicate renal failure.
C
urea is a waste product of carbohydrate metabolism in the intestines.
D
BUN values that are below normal indicate renal failure.
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

The respiratory therapist is called to evaluate a patient for arterial line placement needed for accessibility and repeated ABG sampling. In evaluating the risk of bleeding, the therapist should establish that the patient has a platelet count of at least ____ /mm³ before recommending placement of the arterial line.

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A
1,000
B
10,000
C
20,000
D
50,000
E
100,000
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Question 10
Multiple Choice

The respiratory therapist is reviewing the electronic medical record of a patient recently admitted to the medical floor. The therapist notes that a sputum sample was sent to the lab for an acid-fast smear and culture. How should the therapist interpret this information?

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A
Suspect that the patient has Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia.
B
Suspect that the patient has Rickettsiae pneumonia.
C
Suspect that the patient has Pneumocystis jiroveci (carinii) pneumonia.
D
Suspect that the patient has Mycobacterium tuberculosis pneumonia.
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Question 11
Multiple Choice

The respiratory therapist is caring for a patient who is receiving diuretic therapy as part of the medication regimen for her congestive heart failure. Which of the following would the therapist MOST likely monitor in watching for common side effects associated with diuretic therapy?

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A
Hypokalemia
B
Hyperchloremia
C
Hyperbilirubinemia
D
Hyponatremia
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