Pain

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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

The impulses related to acute pain are usually transmitted by:

Choose correct answer/s
A

nociceptors.

B

myelinated A delta fibers.

C

unmyelinated C fibers.

D

any sensory fiber with a low pain threshold.

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

In which structure do pain impulses ascend the spinal cord?

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A

Reticular formation

B

Corticospinal tract

C

Spinothalamic tract

D

Relevant dermatome

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

According to the gate-control theory, passage of pain impulses may be naturally blocked:

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A

at the synapse by entry of other sensory impulses.

B

by the stress response.

C

by administration of morphine directly into the spinal cord.

D

by referring the pain to other parts of the body.

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

What is the term used to describe the degree of pain that is endured before an individual takes action?

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A

Pain threshold

B

Referred pain

C

Phantom pain

D

Pain tolerance

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

What is the definition of endorphins?

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A

Neurotransmitters at the nociceptors

B

Transmitters for sensory impulses

C

Opiate-like blocking agents in the central nervous system

D

Pain-causing chemical mediators

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

Pain perceived in the left arm during the course of a heart attack is an example of:

Choose correct answer/s
A
referred pain.
B
phantom pain.
C
chronic pain.
D
subjective pain response.
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

A headache that is related to changes in cerebral blood flow is classified as a/an ________ headache.

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A
tension
B
sinus
C
migraine
D
intracranial
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

What is a common analgesic administered to control a moderate level of pain?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Meperidine
B
Acetaminophen
C
Codeine
D
Ibuprofen
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

Which of the following applies to spinal anesthesia?

Choose correct answer/s
A
It causes analgesia with loss of consciousness.
B
The drug is injected into cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) or the epidural space of the spinal cord.
C
The drug stimulates release of endorphins in the spinal cord.
D
The transmission of pain impulses is blocked in a small area of the body.
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Question 10
Multiple Choice

Which of the following is a characteristic of acute pain but not of chronic pain?

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A
Depression and debilitation
B
A perception of increased generalized pain and discomfort
C
Fatigue and lower pain tolerance
D
Severe but short term
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Question 11
Multiple Choice

What is the role of nociceptors? They are:

Choose correct answer/s
A
pain receptors that are stimulated by thermal, chemical, or physical means.
B
spinal nerves that conduct impulses from specific areas of the skin.
C
responsible for the state of arousal with pain.
D
useful in localizing pain to a specific area of the body.
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Question 12
Multiple Choice

Intractable pain is best defined as:

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A
pain that is perceived as occurring in an amputated limb.
B
severe pain that cannot be controlled by medication.
C
pain perceived as coming from a source other than the actual source.
D
pain coming from a specific dermatome.
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Question 13
Multiple Choice

Which of the following statements is TRUE?

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A
The brain is more aware of pain impulses when the reticular activating system is depressed.
B
Acute pain does not cause a reflex response at the spinal cord synapses.
C
Young infants typically respond to pain with tachycardia and increased blood pressure.
D
Chronic pain is easier to tolerate without negative effects.
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Question 14
Multiple Choice

Ibuprofen is classified as an NSAID and is particularly useful in treating:

Choose correct answer/s
A
severe pain.
B
pain caused by inflammation.
C
intracranial pain.
D
pain in young infants.
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Question 15
Multiple Choice

Which of the following analgesics acts to reduce pain at the peripheral site?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Acetaminophen
B
Morphine
C
Codeine
D
Intravenous general anesthesia
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Question 16
Multiple Choice

Cancer-related pain has been broken down into three basic categories: pain caused by the advance of the disease and resultant damage to the body, pain that is the result of a coexisting disease unrelated to the cancer, and:

Choose correct answer/s
A
phantom pain as a result of amputation.
B
pain associated with the treatment of the disease.
C
pain caused by emotional stress and metabolic changes.
D
pain associated with damage to the peripheral nerves.
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Question 17
Multiple Choice

Pain that is caused by trauma or disease involving the peripheral nerves is referred to as:

Choose correct answer/s
A
neuropathic pain.
B
central pain.
C
neurogenic pain.
D
referred pain.
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Question 18
Multiple Choice

Pain resulting from a profound, sudden loss of blood flow to an organ or tissues in a specific area of the body is referred to as:

Choose correct answer/s
A
chronic pain.
B
central pain.
C
cardiovascular pain.
D
ischemic pain.
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Question 19
Multiple Choice

Which of the following is a characteristic of chronic pain?

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A
It usually initiates a physiological stress response.
B
It always involves a strong emotional response such as high anxiety.
C
It is more difficult to diagnose and treat than is acute pain.
D
It involves tissue damage to a specific organ.
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Question 20
Multiple Choice

A headache that results from pressure on the meninges surrounding the brain is referred to as a/an:

Choose correct answer/s
A
intracranial headache.
B
intrameningeal headache.
C
migraine headache.
D
cerebral headache.
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