Labor was pain-free.
The birth experiences of friends and families were ignored.
Only nonpharmacologic methods for pain control were used.
The patient rehearsed labor and practiced skills to master pain.
After the contraction is over
When it is all right with the coach
During the increment of the next contraction
After administration of analgesic-anesthetic
associated with a physiologic process.
more responsive to pharmacologic management.
designed to make one withdraw from the stimulus.
the pain threshold.
blood flow to the uterus.
rest time between contractions.