Perceiving Objects And Scenes

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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

 Current computer programs are able to identify some objects _____ .

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A

and require only brief "training" on a few images

B

and are considered remarkably successful

C

but they perform only slightly above chance

D

but they often make errors that a human would never make

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

 The _____ problem shows that numerous physical stimuli can create exactly the same image on the retina.

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A

correspondence

B

inverse projection

C

occlusion

D

ambiguity

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

 Jimmy looks at a moderately blurred picture of Princess Diana's face. Jimmy will most likely _____ .

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A

not be able to identify the face

B

identify the face as male rather than female

C

be able to correctly identify the face

D

need a computer to scan the image to correctly identify it

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

 "Viewpoint invariance" means that _____ .

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A

children can only represent one perceptual viewpoint at a time

B

computers can invert images to easily perform object recognition

C

humans can easily recognize objects when seen from different viewpoints

D

monkeys can only recognize other monkey faces from a frontal view

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

 Wundt is to _____ as Wertheimer is to _____ .

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A

structuralism; Gestalt psychology

B

Gestalt psychology; structuralism

C

functionalism; structuralism

D

psychophysics; metaphysics

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

 Structuralists would be most likely to endorse which of the following statements

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A
Sensations and perceptions are the same "unit" of thought.
B
The whole of something is greater than its parts.?
C
The starting point for perceptions is the sensations that make them up.?
D
Past experience plays little or no role in perception formation.?
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

 The demonstration of apparent movement provides support for the Gestalt approach because _____ .

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A
the phenomenon cannot be explained by sensations alone
B
the phenomenon relies exclusively on the perceiver's past experience?
C
the images used do not follow the principle of common region?
D
the phenomenon relied on figure/ground segregation?
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

 Gestalt psychologists used the example of illusory contours to support the claim that _____ .

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A
perceptions are formed by combining sensations
B
vision can be modeled on computer processing
C
the whole is different than the sum of its parts
D
experience determines perceptual interpretation
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

 The Olympic symbol is an example of the Gestalt principle of _____ .

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A
proximity
B
pragnanz?
C
common fate?
D
synchrony?
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Question 10
Multiple Choice

 The principle of _____ can account for grouping of stimuli that share orientation, shape, and/or size.

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A
segregation
B
shape?
C
identity?
D
similarity
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Question 11
Multiple Choice

 Corey looks at a flock of seagulls flying in one direction, when suddenly, five of the seagulls start flying in another direction. He now perceives two groups of birds, because of the Gestalt principle of _____ .

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A
common fate
B
uniform connectedness?
C
synchrony?
D
pragnanz.?
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Question 12
Multiple Choice

 Alyson looks at a picture of arrows and sees white arrows pointing to the right against a black background. She looks at the picture longer, and then sees black arrows pointing to the left against a white background. Her perception of this stimulus is an example of _____ .

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A
perceptual segregation
B
binocular rivalry?
C
view invariance?
D
orientation invariance?
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Question 13
Multiple Choice

 In a scene, the objects in the foreground are best described as _____ , whereas the image making up the background is best described as the _____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
object; setting
B
ground; figure
C
near point; distance
D
figure; ground
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Question 14
Multiple Choice

 Border ownership means that when figure-ground segregation occurs, the border between the figure and background _____ .

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A
seems to change color
B
is perceived to be associated with the background?
C
is perceived to be associated with the figure?
D
seems to disappear?
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Question 15
Multiple Choice

 Which of the following is a general determinant of figure-ground segregation

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A
The right side is more likely to be perceived as a figure than the left.
B
Small stimuli are more likely to be perceived as ground than figure.
C
Near the shared borders, figure is seen as unformed material.
D
A lower region is more likely to be perceived as figure than an upper region.
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Question 16
Multiple Choice

 Sally recently looked at some visual illusions. In one reversible-image illusion, she saw a vase in the middle of a blue box. What is Sally most likely to remember about this illusion

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A
details about the box
B
the two faces on the side of the face?
C
the vase she saw in the illusion?
D
the lower half of the image?
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Question 17
Multiple Choice

 In one reversible figure/ground study, Gibson and Peterson (1994) used an image in which one area looks like a woman when upright, but does not resemble anything when turned upside down. Their general finding was that _____ .

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A
meaningfulness of an image had a large effect on figure-ground segregation
B
meaningful images were just as likely to be seen as figure or ground?
C
inverting the entire image lead to slower response times?
D
meaningfulness only had an effect when they appeared on the left side?
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Question 18
Multiple Choice

 The Bev Doolittle print of "The Forest Has Eyes" exemplifies the way _____ affects perceptual organization.

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A
proximity
B
common region?
C
Meaningfulness
D
common fate
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Question 19
Multiple Choice

 Humans need approximately _____ to perceive the gist of a scene.

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A
250 milliseconds
B
1000 milliseconds?
C
2 seconds?
D
5 seconds?
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Question 20
Multiple Choice

 A masking stimulus is primarily used to _____ .

Choose correct answer/s
A
stop persistence of vision
B
increase the duration of persistence of vision?
C
increase the area of the "region-of-interest"
D
hide the purpose of the experiment from participants
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