Perception And Individual Decision Making

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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

________ is the process by which individuals organize and interpret their sensory impressions in order to give meaning to their environment.

Choose correct answer/s
A

Sensation

B

Impression

C

Apprehension

D

Attribution

E

Perception

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

Which of the following statements is true regarding perception?

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A

Perception of reality is independent of one's personality.

B

Our perception of a target is not affected by the context of the situation in which the perception is made.

C

Our perception of reality can be different from the objective reality.

D

Our perception of reality is independent of our past experiences.

E

We form a perception of a target by looking at it in isolation.

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

When two people witness something at the same time and in the same situation yet interpret it differently, factors that operate to shape their perceptions reside in the ________ .

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A

perceivers

B

target

C

timing

D

context

E

situation

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

David Myers is of the opinion that people who drive SUVs are rash drivers. He feels that people driving SUVs do not respect road rules and always violate traffic regulations. What personal factor is most likely to be affecting Myers' perception of SUV drivers?

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A

his financial background

B

his expectations

C

his interest

D

his motive

E

his personality

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

Extremely attractive or unattractive individuals are most likely to be noticed in a group. Which of the following statements best describes the reason behind this?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Our perception of reality depends on our past experiences.

B

Our perception of reality depends on our personality.

C

We don't look at targets in isolation.

D

The time at which we see an object can influence our perception of the object.

E

Our motives and expectations affect our perception of a target.

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

During team meetings, Amber Downing always notices that Rhona Law tends to ask many questions and suggest ideas at each discussion. However, Law stands out in the meetings only because she is the only one making suggestions. If both of them were part of team meetings where almost all members made suggestions and asked questions, Law would not have drawn as much attention from Downing. Which of the following factors has most likely influenced Downing's perception of Law?

Choose correct answer/s
A
expectation
B
interest
C
past experience
D
context
E
motive
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

Monica Walden feels that people who use plastic bags are insensitive toward the environment. She believes that people have a certain obligation toward their environment and should take it upon themselves to protect and preserve it. Which of the following factors has most likely influenced Walden's perception of plastic bag users?

Choose correct answer/s
A
location
B
time
C
characteristic of the target
D
expectation
E
context
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

Which of the following is a factor present in a target which may affect a person's perception?

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A
attitude
B
motive
C
interest
D
novelty
E
experience
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

Which of the following is a factor present in a situation which may affect a person's perception?

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A
similarity
B
size
C
expectation
D
time
E
experience
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Question 10
Multiple Choice

Which of the following is a factor present in a perceiver which may affect perception?

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A
interest
B
similarity
C
sound
D
proximity
E
background
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Question 11
Multiple Choice

Alicia Akers works as a marketing executive. She always talks in a high pitch and often draws a lot of attention wherever she is. Which of the following statements best explains the reason behind people noticing Akers?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Perception of reality depends on the perceiver's past experiences.
B
Perception of reality depends on the perceiver's personality.
C
Characteristics of the target affect people's perception.
D
The time at which we observe behavior affects perception.
E
Motives and interests of the perceiver affects perception of behavior.
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Question 12
True/False

People are usually not aware of the factors that influence their view of reality.

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True
False
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Question 13
True/False

People's behavior is based on their perception of what reality is, not on reality itself.

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True
False
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Question 14
True/False

The perception of a target is unaffected by the perceiver's personality or past experiences.

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True
False
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Question 15
Essay

What is perception? Discuss the factors that influence perception.

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Question 16
Essay

Explain with an example the contrast effect.

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Question 17
Multiple Choice

________ explains the ways in which we judge people differently, depending on the meaning we assign to a given behavior.

Choose correct answer/s
A
Attribution theory
B
Equity theory
C
Object relations theory
D
Attachment theory
E
Cultural schema theory
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Question 18
Multiple Choice

Attribution theory suggests that when we observe an individual's behavior, we attempt to determine whether it was internally or externally caused. That determination, however, depends largely on three factors. Which of the following is one of these three factors?

Choose correct answer/s
A
traceability
B
consistency
C
verifiability
D
relatedness
E
affect intensity
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Question 19
Multiple Choice

Which of the following is an example of internally caused behavior?

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A
An employee was late for a team meeting because of a heavy downpour.
B
An employee was laid off because the company was attempting to cut costs by laying off employees.
C
An employee was fired from work because he violated a company policy.
D
An employee could not attend an interview because of a delayed flight.
E
An employee could not come to work because he met with an accident.
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Question 20
Multiple Choice

Which of the following is an example of externally caused behavior?

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A
An employee postpones a meeting because he overslept.
B
An employee is late to work because of a punctured tire.
C
An employee was fired because he violated a company policy.
D
An employee was promoted when he achieved more than the assigned objectives.
E
An employee closed a sale with an important corporate client because of his excellent negotiation skills.
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