Perinatal Education

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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

The birth educator is discussing the advantages and disadvantages of birthing options. Which disadvantage is common with epidural anesthesia?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Effective pushing is optimized.

B

The risk of catheterization is decreased.

C

The length of labor and birth may be decreased.

D

The use of forceps and oxytocin administration is increased.

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

What is covered by early pregnancy classes offered in the first and second trimesters?

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A

Methods of pain relief

B

The phases and stages of labor

C

Coping with common discomforts of pregnancy

D

Prebirth and postbirth care of a client having a cesarean birth

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

Which client is most likely to experience pain during labor?

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A

Gravida 1 whose fetus is in a breech presentation

B

Gravida 3 who is using Lamaze breathing techniques

C

Gravida 2 who is anxious because her last labor was difficult

D

Gravida 2 who has not attended childbirth preparation classes

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

When reading a new client's birth plan, the nurse notices that the client will be bringing a doula to the hospital during labor. What does the nurse think that this means?

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A

The client will have her grandmother as a support person.

B

The client will bring a paid, trained labor support person with her during labor.

C

The client will have a special video she will play during labor to assist with relaxation.

D

The client will have a bag that contains all the approved equipment that may help with the labor process.

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

Which is the method of childbirth that helps prevent the fear-tension-pain cycle by using slow abdominal breathing in early labor and rapid chest breathing in advanced labor?

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A

Bradley

B

Lamaze

C

Leboyer

D

Dick-Read

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

Which type of cutaneous stimulation involves massage of the abdomen?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Imagery
B
Effleurage
C
Mental stimulation
D
Thermal stimulation
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

What does a birth plan help the parents accomplish?

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A
Avoidance of an episiotomy
B
Determining the outcome of the birth
C
Assuming complete control of the situation
D
Taking an active part in planning the birth experience
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

Which client could safely be cared for by a certified nurse-midwife?

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A
Gravida 3, para 2, with no complications
B
Gravida 1, para 0, with mild hypertension
C
Gravida 2, para 1, with insulin-dependent diabetes
D
Gravida 1, para 0, with borderline pelvic measurements
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

Martha is a gravida 3, para 2, whose last child was born 5 years ago. She attended childbirth preparation classes with her first pregnancy. Which class would be most appropriate for her?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Refresher course
B
Infant care classes
C
Postpartum classes
D
Early pregnancy classes
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Question 10
Multiple Choice

A client asks, "What can I do to help decrease the amount of pain with labor?" What should be the nurse's best response?

Choose correct answer/s
A
"Nothing. That is the way God intended it to be."
B
"We can give you medications to help with the pain."
C
"You should not worry about the pain; leave that concern up to the staff."
D
"By trying to relax, the contractions will be more efficient and the pain may be less."
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Question 11
Multiple Choice

Which phrase best describes neuromuscular dissociation?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Loosening taut muscles when touched by another person
B
Contracting and consciously releasing different muscle groups
C
Relaxing while someone is applying pressure against a tendon or large muscle
D
Relaxing the rest of the body while one group of muscles is strongly contracted
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Question 12
Multiple Choice

A primipara client asks about possible support options for her during the labor process. She is apprehensive that her family members will not be prepared to assist her during this time. Which option would be most effective for this client?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Reassure the client that the labor and birth staff consists of highly trained nurses who are well educated to take care of laboring clients, so that should be sufficient.
B
Encourage the client to take prepared childbirth classes with her husband because that should provide the best support by a family member.
C
Provide information to the client about obtaining a doula during the labor process.
D
Tell the client that this is a normal feeling based on fear of the unknown and that it will subside once she starts the labor process.
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Question 13
Multiple Choice

Which statement is incorrect regarding prepared childbirth education?

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A
No use of anesthetics or drugs is to be administered to clients so they can have a natural childbirth experience.
B
Clients can take refresher courses if they have delivered within the last 2 years.
C
Prepared childbirth classes may differ slightly based on the available resources of health care facilities.
D
Prepared childbirth classes are aimed at increasing awareness of the childbirth experience for parents and significant others to promote better control of pain and decrease anxiety.
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Question 14
Multiple Choice

A relaxation technique that can be used during the childbirth experience to decrease maternal pain perception is:

Choose correct answer/s
A
using increased environmental stimulation as a method of distraction.
B
restricting family and friends from visiting during the labor period to keep the client focused on breathing techniques.
C
medicating the client frequently to reduce pain perception.
D
assisting the client in breathing methods aimed at taking control of pain perception based on the contraction pattern.
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Question 15
Multiple Choice

During the course of labor, a client has been having her labor coach rub her lower back to relieve pain. After 30 minutes, the client complains that this method is no longer working and becomes increasingly frustrated with the labor coach. The vaginal exam is 2 to 3 cm, 80% effaced, and -1 station, membranes intact. Which option would you recommend to decrease the client's perceived pain?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Have the labor coach change the touch location and begin gently massaging another area on the back.
B
Perform a vaginal exam to determine progress.
C
Have the labor coach step outside the room (LDR) and take a break because it is best to try and defuse the confrontation.
D
Suggest to the client that perhaps the use of a narcotic opioid will relieve her pain and facilitate the labor process.
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Question 16
Multiple Choice

Which technique would provide the best pain relief for a pregnant woman with an occiput posterior position?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Neuromuscular disassociation
B
Effleurage
C
Psychoprophylaxis
D
Sacral pressure
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Question 17
Multiple Choice

The support person for your labor client has been applying gentle massage to the client's upper back frequently over the past hour. Now, the labor client states that "it just isn't helping anymore." Both the support person and labor client are becoming frustrated with each other's inability to make things less stressful during the labor process. What would be the best nursing response at this time?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Have the client change position and tell the support person to take a break.
B
Discuss the effects of habituation and suggest alternate measures that could be used to relieve pain.
C
Advise the client that this may be the best time to ask for an epidural.
D
Tell the client and support person that she must be progressing further and you will do a vaginal exam to determine progress.
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Question 18
Multiple Choice

A pregnant client is anticipating a vaginal birth without complications. During the course of her labor, complications arise and the fetus has to be delivered via cesarean section. The client is visibly upset and wants to know why this has happened to her because she did everything right during her pregnancy. Which priority nursing diagnosis would apply?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Risk for injury
B
Pain
C
Impaired skin integrity
D
Anxiety
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Question 19
Multiple Choice

The nurse is reviewing the option of childbirth classes with a patient in her second trimester. Which statement indicates to the nurse that the patient has understood the teaching?

Choose correct answer/s
A
"My labor will likely be shorter if I go to classes."
B
"I will likely perceive less pain during labor if I go to classes."
C
"I will likely be more satisfied with my labor if I go to classes."
D
"I will likely use fewer medications during labor if I go to classes."
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Question 20
Multiple Choice

The labor nurse is reviewing breathing techniques with a primipara admitted for induction of labor. When is the best time to encourage the laboring patient to use slow, deep chest breathing with contractions?

Choose correct answer/s
A
During labor, when she can no longer talk through contractions
B
During the first stage of labor, when the contractions are 3 to 4 minutes apart
C
Between contractions, during the transitional phase of the first stage of labor
D
Between her efforts to push to facilitate relaxation between contractions
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