Pneumonia

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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

A patient has a bacterial pneumonia. What kills the invading bacteria?

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A

Macrophages

B

Red blood cells

C

Polymorphonuclear leukocytes

D

Serum fluid

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

Overall, most cases of pneumonia are caused by:

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A

viruses.

B

gram-negative bacteria.

C

protozoa.

D

fungi.

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

Which of the following pulmonary infections is most commonly seen in patients with AIDS?

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A

Anaerobic

B

Pneumocystis jiroveci

C

Streptococcus pneumoniae (Diplococcus pneumoniae)

D

Legionella pneumophila

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

A 28-year-old patient who has dogs, parakeets, and cats as pets has been admitted with pneumonia. It is suspected that she acquired the infection from one of her pets. What organism is likely to be found in her sputum?

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A

Bacteroides melaninogenicus

B

Staphylococcus aureus

C

Chlamydia psittaci

D

Haemophilus influenzae

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

Ventilator-acquired pneumonia (VAP) is defined as pneumonia that develops:

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A

between 24 and 48 hours after endotracheal intubation.

B

more than 48 to 72 hours after endotracheal intubation.

C

less than 24 hours after mechanical ventilation is started.

D

more than 48 to 72 hours after mechanical ventilation is started.

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

A patient has a pleural effusion related to her pneumonia. Which of the following should the respiratory therapist recommend to treat the pleural effusion?

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A
Hyperinflation therapy
B
Supplemental oxygen
C
Thoracentesis
D
Percussion and postural drainage
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

Physical assessment findings on a patient with pneumonia would include all of the following EXCEPT:

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A
bradycardia.
B
whispered pectoriloquy.
C
dull percussion note.
D
increased vocal fremitus.
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

All of the following are considered to be normal causative agents for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) EXCEPT:

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A
staphylococcal pneumonia.
B
Haemophilus influenza.
C
Legionella pneumophila.
D
Candida albicans.
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