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Question 1
Free
Multiple Choice

Which of the following nurses fought to have American nursing controlled by nurses rather than physicians?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Clara Barton

B

Florence Nightingale

C

Lavinia Dock

D

Lillian Wald

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Question 2
Free
Multiple Choice

Which of the following nurses used political expertise to influence the federal government to develop a Children's Bureau?

Choose correct answer/s
A

Clara Barton

B

Florence Nightingale

C

Lavinia Dock

D

Lillian Wald

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Question 3
Free
Multiple Choice

Which of the following best describes the most important factor in legislation?

Choose correct answer/s
A

The amount of financing and lobbying behind each choice

B

The beliefs, attitudes, and values of the policy

C

The preferences of the majority of American voters

D

The president's ongoing encouragement for one particular choice

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Question 4
Free
Multiple Choice

Which of the following is accomplished through the use of public policy?

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A

Solutions to problems of public concern are developed.

B

A rational, logical problem-solving decision-making process is implemented.

C

Public safety nets for vulnerable populations are created.

D

Economic and business management principles are applied.

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Question 5
Free
Multiple Choice

Which of the following best describes why it is so difficult to change the paradigm of health care from disease orientation to promoting health orientation?

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A

The belief exists that those without insurance could obtain insurance if they worked hard enough.

B

People find it difficult to agree on what the ideal paradigm should be.

C

People realize the media have exaggerated the problems that result from lack of insurance.

D

Serious reallocation of resources would have to occur.

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Question 6
Multiple Choice

Which of the following best describes how the government controls conditions that individuals cannot?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Appeals to the common sense and good nature of the citizens
B
Establishes social mores that enable groups to control individuals' behaviors
C
Passes and enforces law
D
Uses fear reinforced by police power
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Question 7
Multiple Choice

Which of the following statements best describes why the federal government is unable to do whatever politicians currently in power want?

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A
The citizens would rise up in rebellion if actions were outrageous.
B
The lack of funds to implement actions are seen as unreasonable by a majority of voters.
C
Only the actions authorized by the Constitution are legitimate.
D
The states would rebel and withdraw from the union.
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Question 8
Multiple Choice

Which of the following is the basis for any American citizen to feel comfortable expressing an opinion on a political issue?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Amendments to the Constitution
B
Articles of the Constitution of the United States
C
Declaration of Independence
D
Gettysburg Address
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Question 9
Multiple Choice

Which of the following best describes who has the authority to act in every area except those specifically mentioned in the Constitution?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Any individual citizen
B
Federal government
C
Local government
D
State government
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Question 10
Multiple Choice

Which of the following best describes how the local government is provided authority?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Through the ability to tax local residents to meet local needs
B
Through the people themselves who band together to create the community
C
Power delegated from the federal level to the local level
D
Power delegated from the states
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Question 11
Multiple Choice

Which of the following statements best describes how policies in the private sector are different from policies in the public sector?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Private sector policies are slow, deliberate, and reactive to events.
B
Private sector policies are determined by the opinions and feelings of those employed in that sector.
C
Private sector policies are based on economics and market trends.
D
Private sector policies are based on rational decision making.
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Question 12
Multiple Choice

The president was sent a bill that he did not really like, but he would have been unpopular if he vetoed it, so he did nothing. Which of the following best describes what will happen to the bill?

Choose correct answer/s
A
The bill is dead.
B
The bill returns to both houses to see if enough votes can be obtained to pass the bill even without the president signing the bill.
C
The bill becomes law.
D
The bill sits there until the president signs it or vetoes it.
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Question 13
Multiple Choice

The forces for the proposed bill are roughly as persuasive, powerful, and well financed as the forces against the proposed bill. Which of the following describes the most likely outcome?

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A
The bill will be debated through a public hearing.
B
The bill will fail.
C
The bill will pass.
D
The bill will remain in the legislature until one side or the other has a majority of votes.
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Question 14
Multiple Choice

Which of the following statements best describe what happened to the hospitals built or expanded by Hill-Burton Act funds?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Many such hospitals have consolidated or closed.
B
Not needing to expand, hospitals have used the funds to upgrade their facilities.
C
They have continued to use such funds to expand.
D
When funding ceased, so did hospital expansion.
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Question 15
Multiple Choice

An individual has been terminated from his job and has lost his health insurance. Which of the following federal laws allows him to continue his insurance benefits for a specified period of time?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA)
B
Family Support Act of 1988
C
Health Maintenance Organization Act of 1973 (HMO)
D
Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985 (COBRA)
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Question 16
Multiple Choice

Which of the following statements best describes an effect of the Welfare Reform Act of 1996?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Individuals who were required to obtain employment lost their health coverage.
B
Many were happy to be off the government dole and self-supporting.
C
Persons sought and obtained employment that often included insurance benefits.
D
The food stamp program decreased in size.
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Question 17
Multiple Choice

Which of the following best describes the history of the State Child Health Improvement Act (SCHIP) of 1997?

Choose correct answer/s
A
The law included goals and programs but no funding to achieve them.
B
The law received extensive support by both Republicans and Democrats.
C
The law was extended, not renewed by the Bush administration, and then renewed by the Obama administration.
D
The law was passed by the majority of states but not by the federal government.
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Question 18
Multiple Choice

Which of the following best describes what happened after the Medicare Modernization Act of 2003 was enacted?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Additional restrictions in coverage were imposed.
B
Experimental treatments were approved for reimbursement.
C
Reimbursement procedures became more efficient.
D
A prescription drug benefit was added.
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Question 19
Multiple Choice

A nurse is employed by the state public health department. Which of the following activities would she most likely complete?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Set up a flu shot clinic at a neighborhood church
B
Lobby for health care reform to cover more preventive services
C
Monitor the incidence of influenza in the state
D
Serve as a volunteer for a state legislator's campaign
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Question 20
Multiple Choice

It has been proposed that a new, better approach to health care be tested with a small group to evaluate its effectiveness. Which of the following best describes why this cannot be done?

Choose correct answer/s
A
Any employment in the project would be only temporary, so it would be difficult to find professionals to staff the program.
B
It is challenging to find appropriate sites located in the target area from which to offer the pilot project service.
C
No one wants to accept free services if they include being a guinea pig in a research project.
D
Offering a service establishes a precedent and a sense of entitlement, so it is difficult to discontinue the program.
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