Psychological Disorders

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Question 1
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True/False

 It is possible for Mayola to experience a release of dopamine into her nucleus accumbens just by thinking about things that make her really happy.

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Question 2
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True/False

 After a long period of abstinence, exposure to cues associated with the substance are very unlikely to trigger a renewed craving.

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Question 3
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True/False

 Renay is experiencing hallucinations, convulsions, and cardiovascular problems as she is going through severe nicotine withdrawal.

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Question 4
Free
True/False

 Dr. Delzell tells his class that a person with schizophrenia who is having hallucinations is experiencing a negative symptom.

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False

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Question 5
Free
True/False

 Medications like Antabuse combat alcohol abuse by blocking opiate receptors and thereby decrease the pleasure from alcohol.

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Question 6
True/False

 Autism spectrum disorder encompasses both autism and what used to be called Asperger's syndrome.

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Question 7
True/False

 Many fad treatments for autism spectrum disorders make the parents feel good that they are trying something, but otherwise, they are a waste of time and money.

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Question 8
True/False

 Less than 5 percent of mothers who have children with autism have antibodies that attack certain brain proteins.

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Question 9
True/False

 Most depressed people have decreased activity in the left and increased activity in the right prefrontal cortex.

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Question 10
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 The first successful treatment for bipolar disorder, and still the most common one, is lithium salts.

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Question 11
True/False

 Antidepressant drugs have effects at the synapse within hours, but may take weeks to change behavior.

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Question 12
True/False

 Azzie has been diagnosed with SAD. Her doctor suggested that she try a treatment that involves exposure to blue light.

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Question 13
Multiple Choice

 Professor Achidi is lecturing about drug mechanisms. She tells the class that a substance that increases the effects of a neurotransmitter is considered to be a(n) _____ .

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A
agonist
B
antagonist
C
stimulant
D
depressant
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Question 14
Multiple Choice

 A drug that is able to block the effects of a neurotransmitter is called a(n) ____ .

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A
agonist
B
antagonist
C
depressant
D
stimulant
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Question 15
Multiple Choice

 A drug that blocks the effects of a neurotransmitter is a(n) ____ ; a drug that mimics or increases the effects is a(n) ____ .

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A
neuromodulator; synergist
B
agonist; antagonist
C
depressant; stimulant
D
antagonist; agonist
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Question 16
Multiple Choice

 Which effect would be considered to be antagonistic?

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A
Blocking the synthesis of neurotransmitters
B
Stimulating the release of neurotransmitters
C
Blocking the reuptake of neurotransmitters
D
Interfering with the breakdown of neurotransmitters
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Question 17
Multiple Choice

 Which effect would be considered to be agonistic?

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A
Blocking the synthesis of neurotransmitters
B
Stimulating the release of neurotransmitters
C
Blocking the postsynaptic receptors
D
Mimicking enzymes that breakdown neurotransmitters
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Question 18
Multiple Choice

 To say that a drug has an affinity for a particular type of receptor is to imply that the drug ____ .

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A
breaks down neurotransmitter chemicals at that receptor site
B
will always excite the postsynaptic receptor
C
will always inhibit the postsynaptic receptor
D
binds to that receptor
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Question 19
Multiple Choice

 With respect to drug effects, "efficacy" means the tendency of a drug to ____ .

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A
have inhibitory effects
B
have excitatory effects
C
attach to a receptor
D
activate a receptor
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Question 20
Multiple Choice

 Professor Travila tells his class that the part of the brain most often associated with drug addiction is the ____ .

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A
nucleus accumbens
B
limbic system
C
thalamus
D
hypothalamus
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